Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 1998
Over-The-Horizon Radar: From The Cold War To The Drug War
With the end of the Cold War, research and development of over-the-horizon (OTH) radar has shifted to applications aimed at detecting drug smuggling.

Move Over, Protein Kinase C, You've Got Company: Munc13-1 Is A Novel Diacylglycerol Target That Modulates Neurotransmitter Release
Researchers at the Max Planck Institutes for Experimental Medicine, and for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen/Germany, at the University of Göttingen/Germany, and at the UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas/Texas, identified a novel target of the diacylglycerol second messenger pathway that regulates the release of neurotransmitter from nerve cells (Neuron 21, 123-136, July 98).

Boulder Scientists Involved In Effort To Study Arctic Warming
University of Colorado at Boulder researchers are participating in a major international field experiment to understand climate change trends in the Arctic and whether the Arctic Ocean ice pack is thinning as fast as climate models are predicting.

Parenting CD-ROM Helps Reduce Children's Behavioral Problems
Studies involving an interactive CD-ROM that offers instruction on parenting skills suggest the three-hour program can help reduce the frequency and severity of children's behavioral problems, according to an Ohio University psychologist who presented the findings at a recent conference in Washington, D.C.

To Retire Well, Invest In Making Friends
How many friends you have, not how much money you have, predicts how happy you're likely to be right after you retire, a University of Michigan study suggests.

Physics News Preview: The Persistence Of Weather
Although there seems to be nothing reliable about the weather, especially when one plans a picnic, a new Physical Review Letters paper presents evidence for a universal mathematical consistency at work.

New Study: Politics Of Congress, President Affect Supreme Court
A new review of 1,185 Supreme Court criminal cases from 1953 to 1993 suggests the politics of Congress and the president often influence Supreme Court justices' rulings in criminal cases.

Stargazer Gene Provides New Clues To Calcium Channel Defects In Absence Epilepsy
Researchers at The Jackson Laboratory and colleagues have identified the gene for the epilepsy mutation in mice known as

Coast Management Can Limit Tsunami Effect
A Cornell University engineer believes it is possible to limit destruction from the type of tsunami that hit Papua New Guinea on July 17 with proper coastal management, such as building structures like sea walls, and creating zoning policies banning building in high-risk areas.

Researchers Develop Fast Screening Method For Water Testing
A new technique that detects toxins in water in less than 10 minutes could lead to faster identification of harmful substances in the nation's water supplies, according to an Ohio University scientist who developed the method.

Gene Patterns Can Predict When--But Not Whether--Alzheimer's Will Strike
Scientists at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health have discovered that one of three normal variants of a gene called apolipoprotein-E (APOE) can be used to predict when a person will get Alzheimer's disease, if that person is predisposed to the disorder in the first place.

Gene Discovery Provides Insights Into Epilepsy
Researchers have identified a faulty conduit into nerve cells that causes them to fire uncontrollably, triggering the brief seizures that characterize some forms of epilepsy.

Some Muscles Respond To Weight Training In Just Two Weeks
If you've just begun a weight training program and are discouraged by the lack of a bulging biceps, take heart: Even though changes aren't visible in a mirror, researchers at Ohio University and Pennsylvania State University have found the changes are visible under a microscope.

By Losing (Molecular) Weight, A Clot-Dissolving Drug May Be In Better Shape To Help People Avoid A Repeat Heart Attack
In the future, people who have had mild heart attacks or suffer from chest pain may be able to inject themselves with a drug at home to prevent a heart attack or episodes of chest pain, say scientists.

Breakthrough Systems To Detect Nuclear Explosions Worldwide
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington, have developed two breakthrough devices that can detect nuclear detonations by analyzing the atmosphere for traces of radioactive material.
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