Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 18, 1998
Michigan Agreement Puts Canola Motor Oil On Consumer'S Shelf
Colorado and Michigan officials today signed a limited partnership agreement to industrialize the production of canola-based motor oil, developed by Duane Johnson, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension alternative crops specialist.

Do Patients Need A Bill Of Rights? Will Lawsuits Improve Health Care?
Managed care is shaping up to be a hot issue in this fall's congressional elections.

AHA Comment: "Randomized Trial Of Estrogen Plus Progestin For Secondary Prevention Of Coronary Heart Disease In Postmenopausal Women
The JAMA paper reports on the HERS study, designed to determine whether hormone replacement therapy (HRT) reduces risk for non-fatal heart attack or death from coronary heart disease in post-menopausal women with established heart disease.

Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy Does Not Decrease Risk Of Heart Attack And Coronary Death In Women With Previous Heart Disease
A major clinical trial led by University of California San Francisco researchers and colleagues at 18 medical centers in the United States found that estrogen plus a progestin did not decrease the overall risk of heart attack and coronary death among postmenopausal women with previous heart disease.

Monkey Do, Monkey See ... Pre-Human Say?
Human speech derives from a gestural communication system facilitated by a neural circuit found in both monkeys and humans, two neuroscientists propose.

Researchers Begin Drug Trial In Hope Of Finding New Ways To Treat Acute Kidney Failure
Each year 20 million Americans are affected by kidney and urological diseases, while 150,000 develop acute kidney failure.

Optimism And Pessimism Play Different Roles In Preventing Depression At Different Ages, Says Study
Up until now, research has shown that people who are pessimistic are more vulnerable to depression.

Beta-Blockers Underused In Older Patients After Heart Attacks, Major Study Of 45,000 Patients 65 Years Or Older Reveals
Beta-blockers are not prescribed for many older patients who could benefit from their use after heart attacks.

New Class Of Protease Inhibitors May Be Effective In Treating One Of Latin America's Most Devastating Diseases
Researchers at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and UC San Francisco have demonstrated that a type of drug known as a cysteine protease inhibitor may be highly effective against American trypanosomiasis or Chagas1 disease, which is caused by an infection with the parasite Trypansoma cruzi (T. cruzi).

Milestone In Mitochondrial Structure Revealed
An international team of researchers which includes scientists with the U.S.

Sealing Heating And Ventilation Ducts: Use Anything But Duct Tape
You can use duct tape for many tasks but it shouldn't be used to seal heating and air conditioning ventilation ducts.

New UNC-CH Poll: Southerners Feel Schools Should Require More Work, Increase Discipline
Over time, Southerners' views on some education issues have remained stable, while others have changed dramatically, according to a new study.

Scientists Discover How Influenza Virus Becomes More Deadly
In a paper published in the August 18 issue of PNAS, NIAID- supported scientists describe an unusual molecular mechanism that amplifies the disease-causing power of influenza A virus.

Persistent Organic Pollutants, The Danger Is Not Over
Despite substantially reduced emissions of most well known persistent organic pollutants, e.g.

The HERS Study Results And Ongoing Studies Of Women And Heart Disease
The Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) found that the use of estrogen plus progestin in postmenopausal women with heart disease did not prevent heart attacks or death from heart disease.

Gritty Research Leads Scientists To Metal-Loving Discovery
Tiny grains of ceramic material inhabited by hungry molecules are looking like enormously effective options for cleaning up contaminated waterways and recovering precious metals.

Arizona State University Undergraduates Make Plea For Scientific Literacy In Science Editorial
Following a year of research and conversations with legislators and policy makers, nine students added their voices to the scientific literacy debate, addressing the global science community with an editorial in SCIENCE.
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