Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 01, 1998
NIAID Announces Funding For 12 Centers For AIDS Research
NIAID, along with five other NIH Institutes, has awarded more than $13 million for first-year funding for 12 Centers for AIDS Research across the United States.

Managed Care Symposium Sponsored By Society Of Actuaries Examines HEDIS, Stakeholders' Views
Is quality really HMO members' Number 1 concern? How can managed care effectiveness be measured given the widely varying views of stakeholders?

Study Shows First Significant Genetic Evidence For Schizophrenia Susceptibility
A 15-year study in more than 100 families and 1,000 subjects provides the first reliable evidence of genetic susceptibility to schizophrenia, within a stretch of DNA on human chromosome 13.

Study: Behavioral Problems Can Follow Shortness, Growth Hormones Could Help
The largest, most comprehensive study of behavior ever done in short children has uncovered a strong link between shortness and behavioral adjustment problems, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill say.

Research Team Finds Gene Causing Two Types Of Muscular Dystrophy
An international research team based at the Massachusetts General Hospital has discovered a gene that, when mutated, causes two types of muscular dystrophy.

5-A-Day Diet Switch: Best With Co-Worker, Family Support
Workers in a program to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables are more likely to change their diet if they believe they have strong support from co-workers and family members.

New Technologies Expand Physical Knowledge Of Antarctic Sea Ice
Technological advances of the past 20 years have fostered a rapid expansion of knowledge about antarctic sea ice, including the determination that it differs fundamentally from arctic ice.

NIH Designates Emory/Atlanta Center For AIDS Research (CFAR) An Official NIH Research Center
The National Institutes of Health today designated the Emory/Atlanta Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) an official NIH CFAR site.

Air Guns Can Cause Permanent Physical Damage To Children
Air guns -- guns that use a spring or compressed air to deliver ammo -- can cause irreversible physical damage to children.

Gene Mutation Found For Common Form Of Mental Retardation
A gene mutation responsible for a form of mental retardation affecting one in 600 males has been located on the X chromosome, report Harvard Medical School researchers in the September Nature Genetics.

Losing Weight Hardest For Those Who Want To Most
Overweight men and women who are extremely dissatisfied with their bodies are the ones least likely to have success with dieting and exercise, one study found.

Severe Falciparum Malaria Increases In Honduras
A dramatic increase has been reported in falciparum malaria in northern Honduras by a group of researchers writing in the current issue of the Pan American Journal of Public Health.

Health Promotion: Can Scare Tactics Work?
Health promotion campaigns based on scare tactics may produce the opposite of the intended effects if they don't also make people believe they can do something that really averts the health threat, warns a team of researchers who field tested one such campaign -- about genital warts -- among coeds at Michigan State University.

Study Of Protein Reveals Two Different Prostate Cancers;One More Deadly Also Shows That Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Not A Precursor To Prostate Cancer
In a study of the protein p27, researchers at Memorial Sloan- Kettering Cancer Center have confirmed the existence of at least two different types of prostate cancer.

Bioreactor Grows Cells That Produce Possible Anti-Cancer Protein
Researchers have invented a device that grows human tumor cells in an artificial medium in order to produce a protein for possible cancer treatment.

Dual X-Ray Technique Analyzes Structure Of Dental Alloys
Researchers at Ohio State University have employed a combination of two X-ray techniques to discover new information about the structure of oxide layers on dental alloys.

The University Of Kentucky Receives Grant To Assist Historically Minority Institutions With Grant Writing
The University of Kentucky has been selected as the national leader to assist predominantly minority institutions in improving their competitiveness in writing grant proposals.

Study Links Colon Cancer To Diabetes Drug
By identifying a key receptor that links a fatty diet to an increased risk of colorectal cancer, HHMI investigators have also found that a drug used to treat adult-onset diabetes may use the same receptor to cause the formation of colorectal tumors.

UV Skin Damage In A Different Light
Despite warnings to minimize sun exposure and wear sunscreen, scientists don't really know how sunlight damages skin.

Science Benefits From USGS - Russian Collaboration
From the modern laboratories of Moscow to the smoking volcanoes of the Russian Far East, USGS scientists work in cooperation with scientists from the Russian Federation's lead science agencies.

New Studies Highlight Interactions At Antarctica's Continental Margin
A new AGU volume,

UCSF Study Finds Teenage Athletes More Likely To Quit Using Spit Tobacco With Intervention
High school baseball players are nearly twice as likely to stop using spit tobacco when dentists or dental hygienists, as well as their teammates, actively intervene then when they don't, a new UC San Francisco study found.

Report On Health In The Americas To Be Released
A new report by the Pan American Health Organization,

Russian Federation And USGS...Cooperating For Safe Airline Travel
In cooperation with Russian volcanologists at the Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry in Petropavlovsk- Kamchatsky and the U.S.

University Of Kentucky Professor Teaches First Reproductive Laboratory Science Class In The United States
As regulations for assisted reproductive technology laboratories continue to increase, the demand for formal education in this area increases.

For Fruit Flies, Finding The Right Mate May Mean Offspring With A Longer Life Span, According To New Study
A new study by geneticists at the University of Georgia shows that when female fruit flies are given a choice between mates, their offspring live longer as adults than females who have only a single mate from which to choose.

Federal Agencies Join Forces To Measure Bonnie's Impact To North Carolina Beaches
A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Twin Otter aircraft equipped with a NASA laser topographic mapping instrument and Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and personnel from NOAA, NASA, and the U.S.

Knee Brace May Be Unnecessary After Surgery, Study Finds
Athletes may not need cumbersome braces after some reconstructive knee surgery.

Scientists Closer To Locating Gene That May Explain Cholesterol Absorption
In a discovery that may shed light on why people absorb cholesterol at different rates, scientists from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and the National Institutes of Health have narrowed their search for a gene responsible for abnormal cholesterol absorption in individuals with a rare hereditary disease.

University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center Researchers Awarded Grant To Fight Leukemia Recurrence
Imagine sparing leukemia patients a second round of chemotherapy. That's what University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers hope to do with a three-year grant from the Leukemia Society of America.

Strengthening The USGS - Russian Federation Partnership
Twelve seismic stations that record earthquakes have been modernized to state-of-the-art status and will be officially added to the Russian National Seismographic Network, and a number of other seismic stations will be updated throughout the vast territory of the Russian Federation under the same agreement signed by U.S.

Geometry Of Blood Vessels May Influence Heart Disease
The geometry of blood vessels may be a direct risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease -- cause of almost half of U.S. deaths.

Simple Signs Help People Take Steps To Get In Shape and Lose Weight
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center have found that inexpensive signs can encourage stair use, as reported in the September issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.
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