Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 17, 1998
New Technique Reveals Identity Of Near-Neighbor Atoms
In a development that holds much promise for future studies of surfaces and interfaces in solid materials, including magnetic, environmental, and biological systems, researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have successfully tested a method that not only directly determines the identity of a specific atom in a sample, but also directly determines the identities of its neighbors.

Global Climate Change Conference To Explore Science And Ethics
The roles of science, religion, and economics in developing policies on global climate change will be explored by scientific, religious, and corporate leaders at a two-day conference.

Nature's Electronic Ink
Another extremophile - a bacterium which thrives in high-salt conditions - produces a fascinating protein which changes color extremely efficiently.

New Research Places Mars Bulk Composition In Question
New analysis of data from the Mars Pathfinder mission finds that the bulk composition of Mars differs from that of the generally accepted standard--a C1 carbonaceous chondrite.

Patients are sought for a clinical study to determine
Hormone replacement therapy has been shown to protect women against heart disease, stroke and Alzheimer's disease.

Research Answers Burning Questions About Pollution
Purdue University researchers are blazing the trail in the use of lasers to detect and measure pollutants in burning fuel, and their efforts could lead to more fuel-efficient, cleaner-burning jet engines.

Researchers Develop Animal Model Of Human Colorectal Cancer
The development of the first animal model for colorectal cancer by scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas will facilitate research into the molecular mechanisms of colorectal cancer and provide a model system for testing chemoprevention agents and new drug treatments.

"Salt Gene" Determines Benefit Of Low-Salt Diet
A new study indicates that some of the variation in a person's response to a low-salt diet for reducing blood pressure may stem from minor differences in a gene.

Computer Simulation To Predict Forest Fires
As small earthquakes can be omens of larger ones and landslides can be precursors to avalanches, Cornell University geologists have shown in a computer simulation that forest fires display the same natural behavior.

Ear Infection Complications On The Rise, University of Florida Researchers Report
Serious complications from childhood ear infections are on the rise, primarily because the bacterium most often responsible for the infection is growing increasingly resistant to antibiotics, University of Florida researchers report.

Doctors Reverse Kidney Failure In An HIV-Infected Patient
In the first documented case of its kind, doctors at the University of Maryland Medical Center have been able to reverse kidney failure in an HIV-infected patient by putting the patient on highly active, triple-drug antiretroviral therapy.

Russia And Pacific Rim Connect To Next Generation Internet
National Science Foundation director Rita Colwell will announce two awards which will give the Next Generation Internet a global reach.

Sperm Protein May Hold Clues For Fertility And Contraceptives
A protein found on the surface of the sperm of all mammals appears crucial for the union of the sperm and egg, and for movement of the sperm into the animal's oviduct, announce researchers at the University of California, Davis.
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