Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 1998
Report By East St. Louis Residents Lauds University's Work In Community
City residents who were skeptical in 1990, when University of Illinois faculty and students arrived bearing ideas for revitalizing decaying, semi-abandoned neighborhoods, have handed the U. of I.'s East St.

Study Documents Attitudes About Assisted Suicide Among Patients With Lou Gehrig's Disease
In the first survey of Oregon patient attitudes about physician-assisted suicide, researchers have found 56 percent of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease) would consider assisted suicide.

Hurricane Georges Damages Chandeleur Islands--New Orleans' First Line Of Storm Defense
Aerial flights on Tuesday, two days after Hurricane Georges hit the Mississippi Gulf Coast, revealed what one USGS scientist called the worst damage to the Chandeleur Islands that he had seen in more than a decade.

Cyberschools, Racism, Pig's Kidneys, And Prehistoric Pollution
These are just a few of the topics included among 2700 papers to be presented at the 97th annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, December 2-6, at the Philadelphia Marriott.

Nurses Learn To Tend To Cultural Differences
Nurses today are learning how to mix a little cultural understanding with the medical care they offer.

Novel Explanation Offered For Puzzling Electron 'Gas' Experiments
Recent experiments confirming the existence of a novel conducting phase in a two-dimensional electron

Clinton's Mastery Of Rhetorical Styles Could Be His Biggest Asset In Upcoming Congressional Impeachment Hearings
President Bill Clinton may be facing the possibility of impeachment over the issue of Monica Lewinsky, but his mastery of public speech could be his ticket to staying in office, according to a University of Georgia professor of speech communication who is a scholar of presidential and political rhetoric.

Magnetic Resonance Shows Promise As Means To Improve Food Quality
Two new studies by a University of Illinois lab suggest that nuclear magnetic resonance can improve the quality and shelf life of processed foods and identify the chemical mobility of the tastes consumers prefer.

Plastics For Cars
A new process for producing self-strengthening plastic will allow the cars of the future to be built from low-cost, rust free, recyclable plastic.

Genetic Link Shows Children With Allergies Have Greater Tendency To Have Behavior Problems Than Children With No Allergies
Children with severe allergies have a greater tendency to also have significant behavior problems, such as aggressiveness, depression and irritability than children with no allergies, according to research at National Jewish Medical and Research Center.

Successful Atherosclerosis Treatment Program
The authors demonstrated for the first time that a regimen of intense exercise, stress reduction and limiting dietary fat to 10% of calories significantly reduced the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein, a major factor in the development of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.

'Tumbling' Atoms May Help Explain Hydrogen Re-Forming Reactions
Hydrogen re-forming reactions play a key role in many industrial processes, such as the catalytic cracking of crude oil into gasoline.

Mouse Model For Huntington's Disease Developed By NIH, Vanderbilt
Scientists at the National Institutes of Health, in colaboration with a VUMC neuropathologist, have genetically engineered and studied mice that mimic the behavioral and pathological changes of Huntington's disease.

Study Ties Cerebral Palsy To Inflammation And Blood-Clotting Abnormalities
Groundbreaking new research provides strong evidence that inflammation and clotting abnormalities may be important causes of cerebral palsy (CP) in full-term babies, who account for about half of all children with this disorder.

Molecular Deficiency Appears To Play Key Role In Muscle Diseases
A molecule discovered on muscle tissue in a University of Illinois laboratory 13 years ago now appears to have pivotal roles in both embryonic muscle formation and in muscle stabilization later in children and adults.

NASA Using Space Incubator To Understand Breast Cancer
Bioreactor research could help women's health on Earth and in space.

New Studies Shed Light On Facial Features Of Popular Dinosaurs
Studies by an Ohio University paleontologist suggest that contrary to popular belief, Tyrannosaurus rex probably didn't have lips and Triceratops most likely didn't have cheeks.

Leptin Regulates Hunger During Energy Deficit In Women
The authors studied the effect of calorie restricted diets on leptin, which is know to be increased in obesity and decreased in malnutrition.

Steroids May Reverse Loss Of Substance Tied To Nervous-System Diseases
Steroids help to reduce inflammation, but University of Illinois scientists suggest they also could be used to reverse a loss of myelin -- a major problem in multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating diseases and injuries associated with the central and peripheral nervous systems.

Researcher Fears Backlash Over Inflated Wind Speeds
Wind speeds in Hurricanes Bonnie, Earl and Georges were often overstated by the National Hurricane Center, according to a Clemson University researcher, who worries that bad science will lead to future disasters.

Getting The Low-Down On Surfaces
Scanning Probe Microscopes can now be used to discover the detailed structure and properties of a material thanks to two new probes developed by the University of Loughborough and Topometrix Corporation.

IFT To Provide Expertise On Food Science To FDA
The Institute of Food Technologists entered into a five-year contract yesterday with the U.S.

USGS Advisory: Hurricane Georges Destruction of Chandeleur Islands
USGS has found that Hurricane Georges extensively damaged the Chandeleur Islands, barrier islands approximately 60 miles east of New Orleans and 30 miles south of Biloxi, Mississippi.

Parental Responsibilities Curtail Careers Of Women In Academic Medicine
Child care responsibilities appear to be the major reason why female medical school faculty members often advance more slowly in their careers than their male counterparts, say researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston Medical Center.

UD Computer News: Future Looks Bright For Tunnel Diodes, Promising Faster, More Efficient Circuits
In the Oct. 12, 1998 issue of Applied Physics Letters, online Oct.

Environment Of Psychotherapists' Offices May Affect Client Attitudes
Dead plants, bad lighting and sagging couches are probably the last things clients should encounter in their therapists' offices, says a University of Illinois architecture professor.

Program Encourages Use Of Renewable Energies In Mexico
A growing number of people in Mexico are using renewable energy technology to irrigate their land, light their houses, pump well water, and otherwise improve their lives, thanks to a Sandia National Laboratories cooperative program.

Penn State Chemist Identifies New Lime Aroma Component
A Penn State Erie chemist has identified a previously unnoticed component of what makes limes smell ... well, like limes.

Rural Residents' Cooperative Response To Water Crisis Now A Model
Residents of a Central Illinois watershed responded so well to a crisis of atrazine-contaminated water that their cooperative effort is being turned into a national model for local conservation planning.

Focusing Attention Cancels Brain-Dampening Effects Of Visual Clutter
Multiple representations of objects in our visual field are constantly competing with each other for our brain's limited visual processing capacity.

Perfect Powders For Improved Implants
Hip replacements that actively encourage the natural bone around them to grow can now be made thanks to a new technique developed in Canada that produces tiny spheres of titanium.

Engineering Animation, Inc. Demonstrates Internet Anatomy At Visible Human Project Conference
Anatomy students can interactively examine authentic human organs, probe a real human thorax and remove individual muscles down to the skeleton-without using a cadaver-due to Internet Anatomy, an online resource being developed by Engineering Animation, Inc.

Mechanism Of Protein Folding Unraveled, With Eventual Implications For Treating Diseases Caused By Folding Errors
Research at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center has recently added some revealing clues as to how protein folding is managed and corrects some misconceptions about how rapidly the process occurs.

Zinc In Sludge From Spanish Reservoir Break Equals Mine's Annual Output, Researchers Find
Researchers from Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory believe that the collapse last April 25 of a retaining wall holding tailings from the Los Frailes zinc mine in Aznalcollar, near Seville, Spain, has dumped an amount of zinc into rivers nearly equal to the mine's total annual output.

Optical Biopsy Would Be Fast, Painless And Inexpensive
An optical mammography technique developed at the University of Illinois is being tested for more powerful diagnostic capabilities.

University-Industry-Government Institute Will Study Pollution Control Chemistry In A Unique Virtual Collaboration
Researchers at Northwestern University, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Argonne National Laboratory will partner with scientists and engineers at five major chemical companies in a unique Internet-facilitated collaboration to study the essential chemical process by which pollutants can be neutralized at their source or in the environment.

Team Develops Cheaper, Safer Way To Process Wrinkle-Free Dyed Cotton
Processing wrinkle-free and dye-colored cotton fabric with formaldehyde-free chemicals in one step is potentially in the grasp of industry as a result of experiments at the University of Illinois.

American Museum Of Natural History 5th Annual Earth And Planetary Sciences Lecture Series -- Climate: Change And Discovery
In October, the American Museum of Natural History presents its fifth annual Earth and Planetary Sciences Lecture Series -- Climate: Change and Discovery.

Silent Thunder: In The Presence Of Elephants
The American Museum of Natural History will host elephant researcher Katherine Payne on October 8th.

Antarctic Ice Core Hints Abrupt Warming Some 12,500 Years Ago May Have Been Global
An analysis of an ancient Antarctic ice core indicates an abrupt climate warming occurred there about 12,500 years ago, an event previously thought to have primarily influenced climate in the Northern Hemisphere.
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