Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 1998
How Black Americans Faring In An Increasingly Diverse Nation
Uneven progress of African Americans identified in a new report on race in America.

Effects Of Anesthesia On Labor And Delivery On Breastfeeding
The use of general anesthesia or pain-relief agents given during labor, delivery or the postpartum period should not interfere with breastfeeding, says a Penn State researcher.

Alcoholic's Adversary: Study Pinpoints Brain Molecule That Is Key For Alcohol Preference And Sensitivity
For the first time, animal research clearly demonstrates that a brain element known to produce pleasure, the D2 dopamine receptor, plays a critical role in alcohol consumption.

New Model Would Shorten Delays Caused By Highway Incidents
Two Northwestern University operations researchers who say they have a faster way of rerouting traffic around highway accidents are presenting their findings in a paper at the national convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) on Wednesday, October 28.

AIDS Prevention: Does It Work? Paper Suggests New Way To Assess Prevention Programs
A new simulation model that gauges the potential success of HIV prevention programs will be presented by a team of Canadian researchers at the national convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS) in Seattle on Sunday, October 25.

Mice Lacking Gene Show Reduced Alcohol Preference And Sensitivity
Mice missing a gene connected with the brain's system of reward shy away from alcohol, while animals with the gene appear to crave alcohol.

Where The Rubber Meets The Air
Environmentally Friendly Tires---If you stacked all the stockpiled and landfilled waste tires in the U.S. on top of each other, they would reach the moon.

Advanced Surgery Performed In Los Angeles Will Be Seen Live At American College Of Surgeons Convention In Orlando
TELEMEDICINE - Advanced telephone technology will enable physicians attending the 84th Clinical Congress of the American Colleges of Surgeons in Orlando, FL, on October 26, to watch LIVE, a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication being performed at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Shows Promise For Repairing Structures
A high-performance, carbon fiber-reinforced polymeric material recently applied to an overpass bridge in metro Atlanta is one of the first such applications of its kind in the nation.

Physicians With Questions About Patients Don't Seek Help At The Computer
While a vast amount of medical information is available on the Internet, new research shows most physicians are not going on-line to get help.

The Smell of Success
Composting is an increasingly popular trash disposal option for communities looking for alternatives to landfills and burning.

New Contaminant Invades Arctic Air
Lake Michigan salmon retain a lot of PCBs from their natural diet, according to the current issue of Enviromental Science & Technology.

Novel Two-Antibody Strategy To Fight Cancer Awarded Patent
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center today were awarded patent number 5,824,311 for a new technology that has shown the potential in laboratory studies to cure breast and other major cancers linked to certain abnormal genes.

MGH To Lead Major National Study Of Bipolar Disorder
The Massachusetts General Hospital has been chosen by the National Institute of Mental Health as the coordinating center for a national research study into the treatment of bipolar disorder.

Rare Cases Of Dementia Stimulate Artistic Juices, Offering Unexpected Window IntoThe Artistic Process
Researchers led by a University of California San Francisco neurologist have determined that a relatively rare form of dementia brings out startling artistic talents in some people, and that these abilities evolve and flourish even as patients lose the ability to remember such basic words as

A New Era For HIV Positive Children Means That Doctors, Caregivers Must Think About The Whole Child And His Future
Two factors are dramatically changing the nature of HIV and AIDS for children in the United States and other developed countries, UCSF immunologist Diane Wara, MD, told pediatricians at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) annual meeting this week in San Francisco.

Meals Days Before Surgery May Affect Anesthesia
Certain foods, such as potatoes and eggplants, contain chemicals that even in small amounts can slow down the metabolism of common anesthetic drugs.
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