Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 1998
Space Shuttle Flies Solar Instrument Developed At NCAR
The space shuttle Discovery, scheduled for takeoff Thursday, October 29, is carrying a white light coronograph (WLC), an instrument for studying the sun's corona, developed at the High Altitude Observatory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

Hormone Therapy Increases Survival Of High Risk Prostate Cancer Patients
Prostate cancer patients receiving radiotherapy who are at a high risk of dying of the disease have an increased survival rate if they take hormonal therapies for longer than average periods, according to a study conducted by a University of California San Francisco prostate cancer expert.

Study Finds Less Intensive Treatments May Not Maintain HIV Suppression
According to an NIAID-supported study, triple-drug treatment regimens appear to be superior to less intensive

Study Shows Three-Drug "Cocktail" Needed To Keep AIDS Virus Curbed
Hope that one or two anti-AIDS drugs would work as well as a

Microwaves May Provide Early Detection Of Breast Cancer
A new breast cancer imaging technology that uses microwaves instead of X-rays to detect breast tumors is being developed by researchers at Northwestern University, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Interstitial, Inc., a startup company.

Oxygen-Carrying Myoglobin Not Necessary For Survival
Myoglobin, the protein long thought to be the sole carrier of oxygen to heart and certain skeletal muscle, is not necessary for survival, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas scientists reported in today's issue of the journal Nature.

Lower Mortality Found At California Academic Medical Centers For Complex Surgical Procedure, According To UCSF Study
Academic medical centers in California have responded to the pressures of managed care with greater effectiveness than other hospitals according to results presented today (October 28) at the 1998 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Triggering Of Volcanic Eruptions
Based on an historical analysis of volcanic and earthquake data, Carnegie Institution's Alan Linde and Selwyn Sacks suggest that small deformations in volcanoes caused by seismic wave disturbances of the subterranean magma chambers may point to a volcano's imminent eruption.

Cold Virus With P53 Gene Tested To Combat Ovarian Cancer
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas are using the p53 gene, inserted into an inactive common-cold virus, as a novel way to attack ovarian cancer in a patient.

Society Of Actuaries December Conference To Address Urgent, Complex Question Of Retirement Costs
Hundreds of retirement issues are being raised as the nation's 76 million baby boomers enter middle age.

AAAS Annual Meeting And Science Innovation Exposition
The AAAS Annual Meeting showcases the research of more than 500 scientists and engineers in all areas of science and technology, including policy and education.

African Landscape Shaped By Single Magma Plume
A number of African features, including Mount Kilimanjaro, the Ethiopian plateau, and the African rift valley, are the result of a single giant plume of magma that rose up from Earth's mantle about 45 million years ago and is still present today.

Chemical process provides new source for alternative fuels
A catalytic process developed at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will create a compound used in a new type of alternative fuel while broadening the applications of a chemical used in commercial processes.

Subterranean Mapping Method Will Find Homes For Pollution-Eating Bacteria
Mapping the underground abundance of iron oxide -- rust -- that provides the ideal home for pollution-eating bacteria is vital to harness bacteria to clean up chemical and radioactive contaminants.

New Study Finds Anonymous HIV Testing Linked To Earlier Participation In Testing And Follow-Up Medical Care
Anonymous HIV testing programs encourage people to get tested earlier and therefore to begin medical treatment earlier, according to a new study led by University of California San Francisco researchers.

NYU Study Says Tenfold Increase In Non-Fossil Energy Needed By 2050 To LimitEarth's CO2
NYU physicist Martin Hoffert has calculated that Earth's atmospheric CO2 content cannot be stabilized without a 1000 percent increase in carbon-emission-free power generation over the next 50 years.

Weapons Can Now Be Scanned To See What Horrors They Conceal
American researchers have developed a portable device that can quickly reveal the contents of a warhead without the danger of anyone having to open it up or move it to a lab.

Beware The Pumpkin Preyer
Another new disease has appeared on pumpkins and related cucurbit vegetables in New York.

A Swift New Oven Combines Microwaves And Jets Of Air
It could soon be possible to produce gourmet meals with undreamt-of speed thanks to the world's first turbo-driven domestic oven.

Dinosaur Tooth Enamel: A Key To Investigating Ancient Climate On Land
By analyzing the enamel of dinosaur teeth using a new technique developed at the Carnegie Institution's Geophysical Laboratory, researchers at Carnegie and Macalester College have determined that temperatures in North America during the Late Cretaceous (~75 million years ago) were not dramatically different than they are today.

UT Southwestern Study Uses Common Cold Virus For Gene Therapy To Treat Head And Neck Cancers
Patients with advanced head and neck cancer that hasn't improved with surgery, radiation or chemotherapy may benefit from an experimental therapy available at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Relapses Prevented In Mouse Model Of Multiple Sclerosis: Research Aimed At Treating Relapses In Human MS
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have discovered that antibodies to a common inflammatory- response protein can prevent relapses in an animal model of human multiple sclerosis.

All The World's A Stage, And The Ions Merely Players...
Scientists use virtual satellites to explore Earth's magnetosphere

Angry Biotech Firms Are Blaming The Industry Leader For Bringing Modified Crops Into Disrepute
Monsanto, the American biotech giant, is facing an unprecedented wave of criticism from within the industry.

New Test Spots ALD Carriers With Near-Perfect Accuracy
Scientists now can predict, with 99 percent accuracy, carriers of the gene for adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), the disease featured in the movie

Surf's Up! UD Wave Expert Tackles Maui's Monster Curls For Current National Geographic Web Site
NOV. 1, 1998-Off the coast of Maui, an underwater ridge acts like a

Serious Crime Victims Risk PTSD, Multiple Disorders
Victims of rape and other serious crimes are at high risk of developing a range of emotional disorders, including post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, phobias, and obsessive compulsive disorder, a study of nearly 400 South Carolina women reveals.

New Instrument "Lending Library" Will Help Researchers See What's Shaking
An innovative new instrument center to support scientists in their efforts to study earthquakes and other seismic data will be dedicated today at New Mexico Tech in Socorro, New Mexico.

Rodent Cancer Data To Be Reviewed On Food Flavoring, Solvent, Cosmetic Ingredient, Anabolic Steroid And Embalming Fluid
National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Councelors on Friday, Oct.
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