Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 29, 1998
Comprehensive Effort Needed To Prevent And Treat Traumatic Injuries
A comprehensive national effort to prevent and treat injuries from firearms and other sources could save thousands of lives each year, says a new Institute of Medicine report.

Magnetic Manipulation For Molten Metals
Powerful magnetic forces are now being used to levitate, stir and dam the flow of molten metal in the production of steel and aluminium.

New Study: Naming Trends Change More Often For Girls Than Boys
Much like women's fashions, popular female names shift from trendy to tired in a matter of a few years, while many male names remain as eternal as the necktie, a new Ohio University study suggests.

Study Suggests Racism, Not Family Structure, Affects Black Men
It's not family structure but institutionalized racism in America that negatively influences the lives of black men, according to an Ohio University researcher.

Ohio State Professor Receives Patent For Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Detection Kit
A researcher here has received a patent for a test that detects the presence of antibodies for a chicken virus that can be economically devastating.

Future Workers Will Receive MSAs
In less than ten years, many employees will no longer have only health insurance but, also a medical savings accounts (MSAs) from their employers.

Medication Used To Stop Organ Rejection Found to Successfully Treat The Most Common, Chronic Skin Disease In Children
In the first study of its kind in children, tacrolimus, used to fight organ rejection, has been found to combat atopic dermatitis in children.

NSF Awards Minority Graduate Education Grants
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is awarding eight universities nearly $2.5-million each to significantly increase the number of African American, Hispanic and Native American students receiving doctoral degrees in the sciences, mathematics and engineering (SME).

Patented Bait System May Hold Answer To Combating Formosan Termites
An historic cotton warehouse on New Orleans' riverfront is the site for a field test of a new patented bait system that holds the promise of controlling dreaded Formosan subterranean termites.

Study Shows Alcohol Contributes To N.C. Aviation-Related Fatalities
Flying after drinking alcoholic beverages remains a factor in some fatal North Carolina air crashes and likely contributes to fatal crashes in other states, a study of 10 years of aviation-related deaths across North Carolina suggests.

Geologic "X-Rays" Pinpoint Weak Spots On Volcano Surface
By analyzing data collected by satellites circling the globe, volcanologists at the University at Buffalo have produced geologic

Alcohol Is Prime-Time TV's Favorite Beverage
Far more than any other drink or food, alcohol is shown on prime-time programs.

Volcanic Mudflows Could Wipe Out Industrial Town In Mexico, UB Researchers Have Determined
Extremely fast-moving volcanic mudflows could inundate and destroy a large part of Atenquique, a key industrial town near Colima volcano in Mexico, sometime in the next 10 years, according to researchers at the University at Buffalo.

New Hypothesis Proposed For Cause Of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Researchers propose a new theory for the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) -- one that blames the illness on a low-level viral infection and on the body's own immune response.

Aquaculture: Not An Easy Answer To Overfishing
A new report in the journal Science suggests that some types of aquaculture, a fish-farming concept that once seemed to be the solution to overfishing of the world's oceans, may in fact be causing some of the same problems it was meant to resolve.

Scientists Propose Layered Model Of Earth's Inner Core
Earth's inner core is not a uniform iron crystal, but is instead composed of two distinct layers, according to researchers funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Research Suggests New Way To Gauge A Woman's Fertility
Measuring the levels of two specific ovarian hormones may help doctors better determine the reproductive potential of older women.

Current Mammography Screening Programmes Are Driven By Political Interest
The debate over screening for breast cancer among women in their 40s has assumed an importance out of proportion to its potential impact on public health, argues Jane Wells from the Institute of Health Sciences at the University of Oxford in this week's BMJ.

New Radio Antennas May Cool Car Interiors, Defrost Car Windows
Engineers at Ohio State University have found a way to convert two common car window components into AM/FM radio antennas.

'Smart' Material Superconductors
A new technique for examining the microscopic structure of materials has opened the doorway to designing 'smart' superconductors and electronics.

Australian Scientists Find World's Oldest Oil
A team of Australian scientists has discovered the world's oldest oil in 3 billion-year-old rocks from Australia, South Africa and Canada.

Researchers To Study Electricity Deregulation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a group of Cornell University economists and engineers a multidisciplinary grant to study the effects of competitive markets on the reliable operation of the electricity supply system.

TB Is Still Rife Fifty Years After The Study Which Found A Cure
In a week when the world of medicine is celebrating the 50th anniversary of the first randomised controlled trial, Chris Holme, journalist at the Herald newspaper in Glasgow, laments the irony that half a century on, the disease that this trial found the means to eradicate, is still rife.

Cure Rate Soars For Some AML Patients Receiving High-Dose Drug
When the drug cytarabine is given at levels substantially higher than the standard dose, it can cure nearly five times as many patients who have a certain type of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), compared to the standard dose of the drug, according to new research.

Rigs 'n' Space
A probe that picks out the cracks and defects in the deep sea pillars of oil rigs is now being pushed into outer space by NASA who will be using it to examine orbiting structures.

It's Not My Fault: New Study Shakes Up Interest In Earthquakes
A new look at the information on a 1971 California earthquake shows that several nearby faults were activated during the temblor, supporting evidence from more recent earthquakes that nearby faults may contribute to earthquake damage.

Cell Suicide Prevented By Survival Signals
All cells contain a genetic self-destruct program that is triggered if the cell malfunctions or is damaged.

X-Rays For Cars
A new device that X-rays coatings on car body parts will help manufacturers ensure that vehicles are properly protected from corrosion.

Online Chat Sparks Honesty In Romantic Relationships
Online chat can sprout real-life romances that begin with surprisingly honest communication and realistic expectations, traits that many traditional relationships lack at first, according to an Ohio University sociologist who is studying relationships that begin in cyberspace.

American Society Of Animal Science Recognizes Global Scope Of Virginia Tech Researcher's Work
David Notter's work with animals has taken him from farm fields in the U.S. to China, Brazil, India, and other developing countries.
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