Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 1998
Scientists Locate A Genetic 'On/Off Switch' In Diphtheria; Find May Yield Antibiotics That Won't Boost Bacterial Resistance
Researchers at Brandeis University and the Boston University School of Medicine have pinpointed a genetic repressor that can single-handedly morph diphtheria from a mild-mannered bacterium into a lethal parasite.

Brain Study Sheds Light On The 'Phantom Limbs' Of Amputees
For some amputees, the pain and disability of losing an arm or leg are followed by a lifetime of other disturbing effects.

By Revving Up Key Gene, Researchers Discover They Can Manipulate The Size Of Cells In Plants
CHAPEL HILL - By revving up a key gene in plants - making it produce more protein than it would naturally -- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists and colleagues have discovered that they can manipulate the size of plant cells without changing the overall size of the plant itself.

Drug Combination May Prove Effective To Prevent Recurrence Of Hepatitis C After Transplantation
Hepatitis C is the most common indication for liver transplantation, yet it recurs in almost all patients and cannot be treated.

Study Of Murdered NC Women Shows 'Love' Can Be Health Hazard
CHAPEL HILL - Spouses, lovers or other sex partners killed more than half the 586 women homicide victims ages 15 and older who died in North Carolina between 1991 and 1993, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

Theses In The Internet Save Time, Money And Library Space
Academic theses published

Genetic Code Of Chromosome Of Malaria Parasite Deciphered
A multicenter team of researchers, supported in part by NIH, has determined the complete genetic sequence of a chromosome of the most deadly malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum.

Parkes Telescope Puts 1000 Pulsar Runs On The Board
A team using CSIRO Parkes radio telescope has just found the thousandth pulsar known to science.

Scientists Discover How Aspirin Reduces Inflammation
Everyone knows that aspirin helps reduce inflammation, but for years no one knew how.

Encapsulating Insulin-Producing Cells For Possible Diabetes Therapy
Duke University chemists led by assistant professor Mark Grinstaff are developing novel liquid polymers that can be solidified by a quick flash of laser light to seal transplanted insulin-producing cells inside a selectively permeable capsule, thus preventing rejection by diabetics' immune systems.

Liver Rejection Can Be Managed Long-Term In Children Switched To Tacrolimus
Children suffering from organ rejection or complications of their anti-rejection drugs can be successfully converted to tacrolimus with long-term benefits, according to a six-year follow-up study of 85 liver transplant patients who were switched from cyclosporine to tacrolimus between 1989 and 1994.

New Research Shows Loggerhead Sea Turtles Sustain Delicate Dunes
Nesting sea turtles may do more than hatch future generations of loggerheads -- they also may be ensuring the future of the nation's fragile coastline, new research at the University of Florida shows.

Software Helps Firms Map Mountains Of Information
Overwhelmed by the information age? Mired in document dumps from your favorite Internet search engine?

Researchers Turn Executive Toy Into Engineering Tool
Researchers at the Warwick Manufacturing Group at the University of Warwick have transformed an executive

University Of Chicago Professor Wins $50,000 Bristol-Myers Squibb Award For Distinguished Achievement In Infectious Disease Research
Bernard Roizman, Sc.D., the world's leading expert on herpes simplex virus (HSV), and Joseph Regenstein Distinguished Service Professor in the departments of molecular genetics & cell biology and biochemistry and molecular biology at the University of Chicago, has been named the winner of the eighth annual Bristol-Myers Squibb Award for Distinguished Achievement in Infectious Disease Research.

Infants To Seniors: Seven Years' Follow-Up Of 1,000 Liver Transplant Patients Taking Tacrolimus Indicates Children Have Best Survival
Children between the ages of 2 and 18 had the best survival rates among 1,000 liver transplant patients whose immunosuppression was managed with tacrolimus (formerly known as FK506 and now marketed as Prograf).

No Link Found Between Low-Dose Contraceptives And Stroke Risk
Women taking low-dose oral contraceptives are not at a greater risk of having a stroke, say researchers in this month's Stroke.

Wisconsin Scientists Culture Elusive Embryonic Stem Cells
The dream of one day being able to grow in the laboratory an unlimited amount of human tissues for transplantation is one step closer to reality.

UB Team's Perfectly Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Will Make Flat Panel Displays Feasible And Affordable
University at Buffalo researchers have announced technical advances in producing carbon nanotubes that will lead to affordable flat panel displays, which one day will make it possible to hang TV or computer monitors on the wall like a picture.

Drug Therapy Shows Promise In Preventing Hepatitis Infection In Transplant Recipients Who Receive Hepatitis B Positive Livers, Says One Study
Livers from hepatitis B positive donors were safely transplanted and a combination drug treatment prevented infection in recipients of those livers, a University of Pittsburgh Medical Center researcher reports.

Sick Kids Improves Access To Global Genome Database
Information scientists at The Hospital for Sick Children have launched Canada's only mirror site of the Genome Database, currently located at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

UCSF Cancer Expert Helps Patients And Caregivers Achieve A Better Understanding Of A Cancer Diagnosis In Two New Books
We all have an untapped potential for emotional and spiritual strength that enables us to endure whatever life throws our way, even if it is a life-threatening illness like cancer, according to a cancer expert at the University of California San Francisco.

Hours Worked Should Be Limited For Children Under 18; Agricultural Labor Laws Need Strengthening
The U.S. government should limit the maximum number of hours children under 18 can work during the school year, says a new report from the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine.

Hypertension: Getting Pharmacists Involved Can Help
Teaming physicians with pharmacists who counsel patients and make medication recommendations shows promise in the treatment of uncontrolled hypertension.
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