Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 1998
Hopkins Research Team Cultures Long-Awaited Human Embryonic Stem Cells
A team of scientists has isolated and identified human stem cells and proved them capable of forming the fundamental tissues that give rise to distinct human cells such as muscle, bone and nerve.

New Study Offers A Twist On Evolution Of Animal Postures
A new Ohio University study of how alligators walk is putting an unusual twist on the theory that animals with erect postures, such as birds and mammals, evolved from crawling on their bellies to walking erect.

Joblessness Link To Suicide
Suicides make a substantial contribution to the numbers of premature deaths and, in order to try to prevent people taking such action, there is a need to understand who is at risk.

EMAP II: A Cytokine Regulated By Apoptosis
Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide II (EMAP II) is a proinflammatory cytokine and a chemoattractant for monocytes.

Inpatient Mental Health Services Are Being Neglected
Over the past 50 years the number of psychiatric patient beds in England has decreased greatly.

Common Blood Pressure Drug May Promote Healthy Cells
New studies of a drug taken by millions of hypertension sufferers suggest it may have a positive side effect that could lead to healthier cells, according to researchers at Ohio University.

Cells Keep Bad Guys In A Cage Until They Are Fit To Socialize
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry in Martinsried, Germany found that the cage structure of the chaperonin GroEL is essential for cellular protein folding (Nature Structural Biology, Vol.

Amnesia After Sex: More Than A Washington Phenomenon
If President Clinton had known what a pair of Johns Hopkins doctors recently learned from two patients with a temporary form of amnesia, charges that he lied about sex might be moot.

Do's And Don'ts After Natural Disasters
The thousands of deaths and heavy damages caused in Central America by Hurricane Mitch are testimony that Latin America and the Caribbean are vulnerable to a wide variety of natural and manmade disasters, according to experts at the Pan American Health Organization.

Scientists Report Brain's Central Switching System Can Be Remodeled
The thalamus, the brain's central switching center for relaying sensory information to the brain's somatosensory cortex,

Williams Syndrome: UD Research Pinpoints Language And Learning Traits Of Those With The Disorder
People with Williams Syndrome, a genetic disorder affecting one in 25,000 individuals, frequently demonstrate extraordinary musical and verbal skills, despite a profound inability to conceptualize spatial information.

First Derivation Of Human Embryonic Stem Cells Reported In Science
Human embryonic stem cells (cells capable of forming all the different cell types and tissues in the body) have been derived for the first time by scientists led by James A Thomson, VMD, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin- Madison.

Researcher Finds World's Most Diverse Home Of Slime Molds
The secret to saving the world's vanishing rain forests may lie in tiny slug-like organisms tucked away in the tropical soil of a Guatemalan forest, according to an Ohio University researcher who has discovered what could be home to the world's most diverse collection of slime molds.

Research Aircraft Fly Below Once-In-A-Century Leonid Meteor Storm
Two research aircraft carrying new scientific observing instruments and high-definition TV cameras will seize a once- in-a-lifetime opportunity to observe the Leonids meteor shower on November 17, 1998.

Better Understanding Of Food Components Underlies Functional Foods
Hippocrates was no hypocrite 2,500 years ago, and especially not by today's standards, when he said,

Air-Breathing Rocket Engine Tests Successfully Completed
NASA has successfully completed two years of testing radical, new rocket engines that could change the future of space travel.

Safe Water, Medicines, Insecticides Greatest Needs After Mitch
Safe water, specific medicines, insecticides and waste disposal are the highest priority needs in the Central American countries affected by Hurricane Mitch, say Pan American Health Organization disaster experts.

Towards The Origin Of Brittleness And Ductility
Materials scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Metals Research (MPI fuer Metallforschung), Stuttgart/Germany have succeeded in identifying which of the elementary processes of deformation and fracture actually control the fracture process at different temperatures (Science, Vol.

Myths And Realities Of Natural Disasters
The recent destruction wrought by Hurricane Mitch in Central America points up, according to experts at the Pan American Health Organization, the realities of natural disasters.

PAHO To Hold Press Conference On Hurricane Mitch
The Pan American Health Organization will hold a press conference Monday, Nov.

Perceived Risks Of Breast Cancer Are Vastly Overestimated
Recently notices on London's Underground warned that women have a one in 12 risk of developing breast cancer.
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