Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 09, 1998
Brain Tumor Patients Offered New Hope With Expanded Trial Of Promising Therapy
Brain tumor patients whose tumors have regrown after treatment, or whose tumors are inoperable, can now receive a promising experimental radiation therapy being offered by Brookhaven National Laboratory.

New Surgical Strategy For Congestive Heart Failure May Reduce Need For Heart Transplants
A new surgical procedure may help extend and improve the lives of people with severe congestive heart failure (CHF), according to research presented today at the American Heart Association's 71st Scientific Sessions.

Process Of Care, Use Of Hospital Resources Is Different Among Hispanic Heart Patients
Duke University Medical Center researchers found in a study involving hospitals across the nation that Hispanics experienced a median delay of nine minutes from the onset of heart attack symptoms until they received medical therapy when compared with non-Hispanics.

New Drug "Cocktails" Prove Effective Against Hepatitis
CHICAGO, November 9 - At The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 1998 Annual Meeting in Chicago, November 6 - 10, some of the world's top biomedical researchers unveiled studies of drug therapies that are offering new hope in the fight against Hepatitis B and C.

History Of The Rainforest Told In Song
The history of Australia's tropical rainforests is being deciphered from an utterly original medium - the music of the birds inhabiting it.

The Selling Of Olestra
Marion Nestle, Chair, Dept of Nutrition and Food Studies, NYU, and member, Science Board of the FDA, explores FDA's decision to approve olestra as a safe food additive while requiring foods containing it to carry a warning about its potential hazards.

How Ritalin Enhances Memory: Clues Provided By Brain Scans of ADHD Patients Using The Drug
Scans of brain activity in adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are significantly different from scans of adults without ADHD, yet few differences are noted between scans of these two groups once the ADHD patients begin to take the drug Ritalin, report researchers from Emory University at this week's meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Inflammation In Blood Vessels Slows Clot-Buster Treatment For Heart Attack
Long-lasting inflammation is already thought to precede and help trigger a heart attack, but now research shows that inflammation may also limit the effectiveness of clot-busting treatment.

Ribozyme Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Demonstrates Potent Activity Of A Ribozyme Targeted Against The Hepatitis C Virus
Ribozyme Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that HEPTAZYME (TM), a ribozyme designed to selectively destroy Hepatitis C Virus RNA, was effective in decreasing Hepatitis C Viral RNA in cell culture assays.

Fall Meeting: Preliminary Press Conference Schedule
AGU is organizing a series of press conferences and other media events at Fall Meeting in San Francisco, December 6-10.

This Week's Forecast May Be A Heart Attack
People with heart disease may want to pay closer attention to weather reports, especially if below-normal temperatures or extreme atmospheric pressures are in the forecast.

ASU Geology Team Collects Europa Data
Some of the best evidence yet for existence of a liquid ocean under Europa's surface is being collected and analyzed by Arizona State University scientists this week from pictures being transmitted to Earth by the Galileo spacecraft.

Changing Drug Delivery For Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Increases Effectiveness, Lowers Costs
Researchers show that giving the medication, methotrexate, to patients who suffer from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis by injection, rather than orally, significantly improved the patients' health and at a dramatically reduced cost.

U.S. Healthcare Burden To Soar Unless Hepatitis C Detection, Treatment Improve
CHICAGO, November 9 -- A study made public for the first time at The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 1998 Annual Meeting in Chicago,November 6 - 10, predicts that the US could face a daunting health care burden from Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection over the next decade.

Quicker Implementation Of Research Results
In 1995 the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft set up eleven centres of excellence in a programme that was specifically developed for the new federal states.

In The Largest U.S. Study Ever Looking At Genetic Matching Of Marrow Donors Researchers Found That Outcomes Can Significantly Be Improved For Leukemia
In the largest United States study ever conducted of unrelated marrow transplants for leukemia, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center researchers showed that using genetic techniques for matching patients with marrow donors can all but eliminate the guesswork involved and may change the standard practice for marrow transplantation donor typing.

Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease Tied To Mental Decline
How many risk factors you have for heart disease and stroke may determine how well you think and remember, according a new study that links the combined effects of diabetes, cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and obesity to mental ability.

Heart Inflammation Declining In The United States
Cases of life-threatening heart muscle inflammation are declining in the United States, mirroring a decline in enteroviral infections that often lead to the inflammation, according to a Johns Hopkins study.

Nuts And Oats May Build A Strong Heart
Heart-healthy components in oats may help lower high cholesterol levels and a nutrient in nuts may help prevent death from heart disease, according to preliminary research from two studies presented today at the American Heart Association's 71st Scientific Sessions.

Hypertension Found To Be A Dominant Risk Factor For Heart Failure In African Americans
Hypertension is the dominant risk factor that causes a higher prevalence of heart failure in African Americans than in Caucasians, according to a Henry Ford cardiologist.

Get Me To The ER On Time
The amount of time people delay in deciding to seek care for heart attack symptoms may be declining.

Table Of Contents, Public Health Reports, Volume 113, Number 6, November/December 1998
Table of Contents

Major Changes In How American Children Spend Their Time
American children spend 1.3 hours a week reading, 1.7 hours studying, and 12 hours a week---one- quarter of their free time---watching television, according to a University of Michigan study that provides the first look since 1981 at how U.S. children spend their time.

The Wistar Institute Receives $1 Million From Pew Charitable Trusts for Recruitment
The Wistar Institute received a three-year grant of $1 million from The Pew Charitable Trusts to recruit and equip the laboratories of new scientific investigators in the areas of regeneration, signal transduction and brain tumor research.

Silicone Gel Breast Implant Adverse Event Reports To The Food And Drug Administration, 1984-1995
Five scientists from the Center for Devices and Radiological Health, FDA, report that the number of silicone gel breast implants (SGBIs) adverse event reports vastly increased and the type of reports changed from primarily leak or rupture to

Routine Activities May Stress The Hearts Of People With Heart Disease
Routine daily activities -- driving a car, housework or even getting out of bed in the morning -- can trigger a shortage of blood supply, increasing the risk of a heart attack for people with heart disease, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's 71st Annual Scientific Sessions.

Dramatic Reductions In Medication Errors Reported At International Patient Safety Conference
If you are one of the 30 million Americans admitted to a hospital each year, getting your medicine should become a lot safer once the findings of research reported today at an international patient safety conference are implemented nationwide.

ASU Professor Disputes Bad Dad Image In New Book
A recent study of 400 divorcing couples contains a number of surprising findings about divorce, among them the conclusion that there is little difference in how fathers and mothers fare economically after divorce, contradicting earlier studies.

Stopping herbal products abruptly may cause withdrawal symptoms
Physicians routinely ask hospitalized patients about their prescription medicaitons, but rarely do they ask what herbal products their patients take, according to a group of psychiatrists at Duke University Medical Center.

A Year Of Living Dangerously: The Tobacco Control Community Meets The Global Settlement
Health policy experts Michele Bloch, Richard Daynard, and Ruth Roemer reflect on the divisions within the tobacco control community and their impact on the failed McCain tobacco bill in the spring of 1998.

Pairing Two Drugs With Angioplasty May Offer Best Success In Treating Heart Attacks
Combining a

Wake Forest Physicians Demonstrate How Gene-Diet Interaction Affects Cholesterol Absorption
Physicians at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center reported today the first demonstration of a gene-diet interaction that affects the absorption of cholesterol in humans.

Premature Death Due To Heart Disease And Stroke Takes Much Larger Toll On Black Women
Black women face a four-times higher risk of dying before age 60 of either heart disease or stroke than white women, according to one of the largest studies of its kind presented at the American Heart Association's 71st Scientific Sessions.

Environmental Factors Contribute To High Blood Pressure In African-American Males
Environmental stressors contribute significantly to hypertension in young, urban African-American males, but high blood pressure can be dramatically decreased with the intervention of health care providers, researchers at Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing report.

Researchers Achieve One Teraflop Performance With Supercomputer Simulation Of Magnetism
A team of scientists from Lawrence Berkeley and Oak Ridge national laboratories has reached a supercomputing milestone, getting their simulation of metallic magnetism to run at 1.002 Teraflops -- more than one trillion calculations per second.

Study Reveals Possible Link Between Osteoarthritis, Diet
CHAPEL HILL - Vitamin E and other naturally occurring antioxidants in the diet appear to protect against knee arthritis, a degenerative condition that will become an increasing national health problem as baby boomers age, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine study shows.

Medication Offers Hope For Relief From Burning Mouth Pain
An anticonvulsant drug may bring significant relief to some of the 1.3 million Americans who have burning mouth syndrome, a chronic, often debilitating condition whose cause remains a medical mystery.

Idun Pharmaceuticals Identifies Cell Type And Molecular Pathway Involved In Transplantation-Related Liver Damage
Idun Pharmaceuticals, Inc. presents data on the cellular mechanism causing cell death during liver transplantation surgery at the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases meeting in Chicago, IL.
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