Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 03, 1998
Major New Study Shows HIV-1 Antibodies Found In Urine
Clinical Reference Laboratory (CRL), one of the country's leading clinical reference laboratories, announced results of the largest study to date showing a significant proportion of individuals - approximately one of every 1,000 - within the low-risk population test positive for HIV-1 antibodies in their urine and negative in their blood.

Weekly Consumption Of Wine May Cut Stroke Risk
While prior studies suggest that moderate amounts of alcohol consumption may reduce one's risk for having a stroke, a new report says that wine -- not beer or spirits -- may have the most protective effect.

Scientists Find Multiple New Uses For Worn-Out Tires
Researchers at the University of Illinois and the Illinois State Geological Survey are getting extra mileage from worn- out tires by recycling them into activated-carbon adsorbents for air-quality control applications.

Purdue Study Breathes New Life Into Question Of How Life Began
A Purdue University study shows that proteins may have played a leading role in the molecular origin of life.

Gamma-Ray Bursts: Spindown Of Cosmic Flywheels
A conclusive explanation for the origin of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRB) as electromagnetic braking of a rapidly rotating neutron star has been developed at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Garching/Germany (Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol.

Cheap, Soy-Based Antibodies Prevent Genital Herpes In Mice
Researchers have found that soybean-produced antibodies stop the spread of the genital herpes virus in mice.

Antabuse May Inhibit Fatal Reaction To Anesthetic
Studies show that disulfiram -- a drug known by the trade name Antabuse -- turns off the enzyme that triggers fatal reactions to halothane, historically one of the most widely used anesthetics in the world.

Patient Program At San Francisco General Receives Top Honor From California Public Hospital Group
A program at San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center designed to reduce the number of emergency department visits by

Washington University, Object Computing Inc. Announce An Agreement To Commercialize Advanced Software Technology Developed For Internet
Washington University in St. Louis and Object Computing Inc. (OCI) have announced an agreement to make software developed by Washington University available with commercial support.

Oldest Ice Core From The Tropics Recovered, New Ice Age Evidence
Analysis of ice from a glacier atop a Bolivian volcano portrays climate in the tropics over the past 25,000 years.

Measurements Of Protein Surface Verify Electrostatics Model
Using a surface-force apparatus, researchers at the University of Illinois have measured the electrostatic properties of a protein surface at the molecular level.

Allelix drug increases bone density and content in women with osteoporosis
Allelix Biopharmaceuticals announced today results of a Phase II clinical trial demonstrating that its compound ALX1-11, recombinant human parathyroid hormone significantly increases bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in the spine of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Evidence Appears Strong To Bolster Concept Of Co-Evolution, Scientists Say
Are insects always just pests, or do they play a co- evolutionary role with the plants they eat?

Salmonella Vaccine Now Available For Poultry
A vaccine invented by a biologist at Washington University in St.

Disease Mechanism In Hereditary Dementia Discovered: Treatment Implications Seen For Alzheimer's And Other Neurodegenerative Diseases
A new study reveals pivotal characteristics of the disease mechanism underlying a hereditary dementia similar to and often confused clinically with Alzheimer's disease.

Method May Be Key In Combating Diarrhea In Animals And Children
Scientists studying a rotaviral strain that causes severe diarrhea in young children and neonatal pigs have isolated the virus's receptors -- where it binds -- on gastrointestinal cells and are beginning to test a synthetic mimic, which, when added to food, may block the virus.

High Temperature Immediately Following A Stroke Leads To Worse Outcome; Quick Cooling Shown To Have Benefit
Abnormally high body temperature within 24 hours of having a stroke may increase risk for death, according to a study in this month's Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers Alter Basic Sound Processing Rate In Rats, Offering Insights Into Mechanisms Of Dyslexia, Other Disorders
Researchers at UC San Francisco report that they have been able to significantly increase the speed with which adult rats process sound, offering important new evidence that the basic rate at which the brain responds to information can be sharply altered by experience.

Binding Proteins Shown To Play Key Role In Early Brain Development
The Internet depends on a firm foundation of wiring. When it's not done correctly, data gets lost in a maze of circuitry.

Students Launch First National Undergraduate Research Journal
The first national research journal for undergraduates has published its premier online issue (at
Migratory songbird breeding linked to winter habitat
For several decades, scientists studying the population dynamics of migratory birds have debated the relative importance of their summer and winter habitats. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to