Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 04, 1998
American Parkinson Disease Association Center Opens At Cedars-Sinai
The American Parkinson Disease Association (APDA) Information and Referral Center has opened at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center to assist individuals diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease, including their families and caregivers.

Maternal Tissue Typing Could Improve Selection Of Kidney Transplant Donors
NIH-supported researchers have discovered that cellular markers, or human leukocyte antigens (HLA), on maternal tissue can provide valuable information for identifying the most suitable donors for individuals in need of kidney transplants.

Scientists Describe Structure Of An Enzyme That Uses Iron To Make Hydrogen
The workings of an iron-laden bacterial enzyme could one day provide researchers with an inexpensive and stable catalyst to create hydrogen, according to scientists at Utah State University.

Global Climate Change: Ill Wind For California Wildfires
Researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have released the first-ever analysis of the potential effect of global climate change on wildfires in California.

Phase I Trial Promising For Cord Blood Transplant "Booster"
Adding a dose of slightly more mature stem cells to an umbilical cord blood transplant shows promise for increasing the success of transplants in children, Duke researchers reported Friday.

Colorado State Hurricane Forecast Team Predicts Active 1999 Season With Double The Chance Of A Major Storm Landfall On The East Coast
The Colorado State University hurricane forecast team led by William Gray is calling for a 1999 season as active as the one that just ended, with 14 named storms, nine hurricanes and four intense hurricanes to form in the Atlantic Basin during the June 1-Nov.

Amid Albanian Turmoil, Archaeologists Unearth Secrets Of The Stone Age
University of Cincinnati and Albanian archaeologists launched a field study about 60 miles south of Tirana in summer 1998.

Sibling Cord Blood May Offer Best Match Chance For Some Patients
Children needing bone marrow transplants may find their best chance in umbilical cord blood from a sibling, even if the transplant is only partially matched to the recipient's blood type, according to Duke researchers.

A New Scientific Approach To Solving An Age-Old Mystery
Scientists Giulio Tononi and Nobel Laureate Gerald M. Edelman of The Neurosciences Institute suggest an empirical way of identifying the neural processes that produce consciousness.

Low "Health Literacy" Increases Hospitalizations
People who have trouble reading and understanding health- related materials are more than twice as likely to wind up in a hospital as those who have adequate health literacy, according to a study at a large inner-city Atlanta hospital.

Colorado State University Scientist To Spearhead International Effort In Search Of Northern Hemisphere's Missing Carbon
As nations wrangle over how to cut greenhouse gas emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, Scott Denning of Colorado State University and an international group of scientists plan an experiment to resolve the controversy over the unexplained removal of a large amount of carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere.

A "Fossil" Virus Involved In AIDS Drug Resistance?
Genetic remnants of an ancient virus, incorporated into every human's DNA, may be responsible for some resistance to anti- AIDS drugs, according to researchers working for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), a sub- contractor to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Frederick, Md.

NCAR Team Tags 'Imported' Pollutants Over The Pacific Northwest
From 50% to 60% of sulfate-aerosol pollution over the Pacific Northwest is coming from industrialized Asia, according to a model developed by a team of researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

New Evidence Points To Role For Free Radicals In Alzheimer's Disease
In a new study by University of Pennsylvania Medical Center researchers, free-radical activity was found to be roughly doubled in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brains of people who had died of Alzheimer's disease when compared to the same regions of normal brains.

Tracking A Legacy Of Waste In The West Siberian Basin
Fifty years ago in the West Siberian Basin, Russian scientists began discharging liquid radioactive waste to rivers and reservoirs and injecting waste into the groundwater.

Signal Pharmaceuticals Announces Positive Results In Preclinical Study Of Novel Drug Leads For Treatment Of Osteoporosis
Signal Pharmaceuticals presented at the joint meeting of The American Society of Bone and Mineral Research preclinical data that their small molecule selective estrogen receptor molecules (SERMS) inhibit bone resorption in animal models of osteoporosis.
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