Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 11, 1998
Interstellar Burp Leads To Discovery Of New Pulsar
Astrophysicist makes her second discovery of an astrophysical oddity - a pulsar orbiting a massive star.

Exercising Just Three Days May Provide Heart Attack Protection
Less than a week's worth of walking, jogging or cycling can help the heart produce enough of a protein called Heat Shock Protein that can protect against the damage done during a heart attack.

Global Plan Launched To Cut Childhood Asthma Deaths By 50%
In Barcelona, Spain at the World Asthma Meeting, international experts in asthma management called for global action to reduce childhood asthma deaths by 50%.

'Tis The Season To Sneeze, Sniffle And Itch - Allergists Can Help Holiday Allergy Sufferers
Are you allergic to Christmas? Thousands of Americans are allergic to the oil or sap of Christmas trees, and evergreen wreaths and garlands.

Cellular Target Of Leprosy, Deadly Viruses Found
HHMI investigators have found that a human cell surface protein that plays a critical role in maintaining the structural integrity of tissues is also the portal of entry for deadly bacteria and viruses.

Osteoporosis Drug Evista® (Raloxifene) Cuts Newly Diagnosed, Invasive Breast Cancer Risk By More Than 60 Percent
New research findings show that the osteoporosis preventive drug raloxifene (Evista®) reduces risk for newly diagnosed, invasive breast cancer -- potentially the most serious type of the disease -- by more than 60 percent.

Asthma Management Web Site Announced By NHLBI
Physicians who want to provide the most up-to-date diagnostic and treatment methods for their asthma patients can now find all the scientific literature on chronic asthma that has ever been published.

Scientists Study 100-Million-Year-Old Volcanism In The Indian Ocean
Clues to Earth's internal dynamics may lie in the remote southern Indian Ocean, in a submarine plateau one-third the size of the United States.

Women Report Higher Pain Levels Than Do Men
Women with chronic pain report slightly higher levels of pain than their male counterparts, but the difference may be as much the result of how society teaches men to handle discomfort as it is a consequence of biology.

Chemists Discover New Processes In Fuel-Cleaning Catalysis
Researchers have discovered two pieces of a scientific puzzle in the most widely used process for removing polluting sulfur compounds from crude oil.

Next Year, U.S. Economy Will Amaze, Business Expert At UNC-CH Predicts
CHAPEL HILL - From 1994 to 1996, the U.S. economy was like Baby Bear's porridge in the Goldilocks story,

Raman Effect Leads To International Landmark Designation In Calcutta
A phenomenon that today allows scientists to quickly detect illegal drugs without tampering with the packaging, to analyze nuclear waste from safe distances and to detect life- threatening diseases at an early stage will be designated an International Historic Chemical Landmark by the American Chemical Society and the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS).

Researchers Pinpoint Septic Shock Gene
A team of HHMI researchers and their colleagues have identified a genetic mutation that increases susceptibility to massive bacterial infections and septic shock.

Researchers Discover How Green Tea May Prevent Cancer
Green tea, long associated with good health, has new scientific evidence to back its claim.

Biochemist At University Of Georgia Describes Structure Of Important Cell Proteins For The First Time
Scientists at the University of Georgia have, for the first time, described the shape of two important yeast proteins that make transport possible in eukaryotic cells - those with well-defined nuclei.

Receptor May Increase Risk Of Urinary Tract Infections
A newly discovered chemical compound on the surface of some women's kidney cells may explain susceptibility to urinary tract infections, according to current research in the journal Biochemistry.

Insurance Industry Discriminates Unfairly On Basis Of Genetic Information
People from families with known genetic disorders are not being treated consistently by insurers, says a paper published in this week's BMJ, and written by Lawrence Low and colleagues at the Wellcome Trust.

Preventing Cancers With What You Eat
Dr John Cummings and Dr Sheila Bingham from the MRC Dunn Clinical Nutrition Centre, Cambridge, say that diet is one of the most important lifestyle factors that has been estimated to account for up to 80 percent of cancers of the bowel, breast and prostate.

Moms Misperceive Premature Babies' Temperament
The mothers of premature infants tend to have unwarranted negative perceptions of their babies' temperament, a perception that could predict future behavior problems.

International Genome Team Deciphers Genetic Instructions For A Complete Animal
Human Genome Project researchers in the United States and Great Britain have sequenced the 97 million-base genome of the tiny roundworm, Caenorhabditis elegans.

Intensive Program Can Help Premature Babies Learn -- At the Start
Early, intensive intervention can boost development and academic achievement for premature and low birth-weight babies for a few years, but the benefits appear to fade over time, according to University of Miami researchers who have followed since birth more than 400 children from a low income, multi-ethnic section of Miami.

Gene Discovery Paves Way For Preventing Deadly Bacterial Shock
Identification of a gene that normally prevents endotoxic shock - which causes at least 20,000 deaths a year in the United States and possibly one million worldwide - was reported by UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers in today's issue of Science.

Cherry Hamburgers Lower In Suspected Carcinogens
Cherry hamburgers may be healthier for you than regular hamburgers, based on the results of a study by scientists looking into this unusual combination.

Staring And Squirming Help Babies Explore
Staring and squirming by infants might not be as random or meaningless as they seem, says a Cornell University developmental psychologist.

One Third Of Children In Road Traffic Accidents Develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
In a study of 119 children involved in road traffic accidents during 1997 and published in the BMJ, Dr Paul Stallard and colleagues from the Royal United Hospital in Bath reveal that one third were found to be suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.
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