Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 16, 1998
Gender Issues Are Keys To Adolescent Reproductive Behavior
Adolescent reproductive behavior cannot be understood and modified without an understanding of the social pressures that shape it--the societal and familial forces that pressure girls into involuntary and unprotected sexual relations and early childbearing.

Champagne Gets Its Fizz From Tiny Acid Burns
The delicious tingle as you sip a glass of champagne has nothing to do with bursting bubbles.

Possible Breast Carcinogen Found In Human Milk
Environmental pollutants that are known to cause cancer in rat mammary tissues are present in human breast milk, according to scientists in Canada.

Jefferson Scientists Find Evidence Of Potentially Infectious HIV In Semen, Despite Inability To Detect Active Virus In Blood
Scientists at Jefferson Medical College have found that the AIDS virus is still present in an inactive

Study Offers Hope For Immune Reconstitution After HIV Infection
A new study offers hope that an HIV-ravaged immune system can rebuild itself after successful treatment with anti-HIV drugs.

Blocking Sex Hormones Might Help Restore Immunity
Temporary chemical castration could help regenerate the damaged immune system of people with HIV or who have had chemotherapy or bone marrow transplants.

Was The Universe In A Spin Before It Began Expanding?
The early Universe may have turned like a stately merry-go- round, according to a Brazilian physicist.

Chemists Find Too Much Air Sticks Precious Carbon Footballs Together
Ever since researchers discovered a form of carbon consisting of a class of miniature, football-like structures known as fullerenes, they have been racing to use the unique structures in all kinds of novel ways from drug delivery to nanotechnology.

Professor Authors Complete Guide To Fungi
There is fungus among us. George Hudler, a Cornell University professor of plant pathology, tells all about it in his new, mycological book,

NEAR Spacecraft May Find That Asteroid Needs Dusting
NASA scientists think that asteroids may scoop up dust from space over the eons, giving themselves dust blankets up to a meter thick.

Sandia Research May Bring Smaller, Longer-Life Lithium Batteries Into Our Lives
Research underway at Sandia National Laboratories to improve lithium battery materials may result in smaller, longer- lasting batteries for applications as diverse as portable computers and electric vehicles.

INSERM Collective Expertise On Migraine
The results of a Collective Expertise working group on migraine have been released by INSERM, the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research.

Interdisciplinary Science Reviews: Radioactive Waste
Radioactive waste and the scientific and humanitarian problems of its disposal are discussed in this month's edition of Interdisciplinary Science Reviews (ISR).

First-Of-Its-Kind Scale Windstorm Center At INEEL Turns On Its Fans
Engineers at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory have constructed a 1/14 scale model of a hurricane simulator.

Hurricane Chasers Look For Turbulent Times
Teams of researchers from universities and the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory chased hurricanes this last season to determine the structure of hurricane winds.

UCSF Cancer Center To Lead First Study Of Its Kind; Testing Coping Skills In Prostate Cancer Patients
Although psychosocial interventions for cancer patients--such as support groups, individual counseling and psychiatric evaluation--have become increasingly common over the past two decades and have been shown to greatly improve a patient's quality of life, they are rarely made a routine part of cancer care.

Thymus May Hold Clue To Rebuilding Immune System After HIV
Discovery of a marker that allows tracking of thymus function also shows how the adult immune system might repair itself after being damaged by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas scientists reported in today's issue of Nature.

Low Birth-Weight Risk Begins Early
Reviewing thousands of ultrasound scans at a Scottish hospital, a team led by a Cornell University researcher found that babies that were small in the first trimester of pregnancy were more likely to be born low-birth-weight and extremely premature.
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