Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 11, 1999
Apple Browning Significantly Delayed In USDA Tests
U.S. government scientists have come up with a way to keep apples from turning brown for up to five weeks after they've been sliced or peeled.

Computer Matching
A group of medical researchers in Boston have developed a computer matching technique to compare two large sets of medical records with limited intrusion into patients' privacy.

Table of Contents, Public Health Reports
The January/February issue of Public Health Reports.

U.S. Scientists Get First-Hand Look At Cuba's Science Programs
Observations of the state of science in Cuba, based on discussions with Cuban scientists and U.S. scientists just back from an international scientific meeting in Havana, are reported in this week's edition of the magazine Chemical & Engineering News.

Bacteria Becoming Increasingly Resistant To Antibiotics, But New Vaccines Are On The Horizon
According to a Cedars-Sinai Medical Center scientist, controlling antibiotic usage in an outpatient setting to prevent further increases in the rate of antibiotic resistance is now a national priority.

US Drug Policy Failing
A drug policy based on prohibition and intensive enforcement has generated an epidemic of adverse health outcomes that disproportionately affects African Americans, according to an article published in the Jan/Feb issue of Public Health Reports.

Gene Once Thought To Program Ovarian Development Instead Found To Be Critical For Production Of Sperm
Northwestern University scientists have found that a gene known as AHC (also as Dax1), which had been considered a possible female-specific factor for ovarian development, is actually a prerequisite for male sexual development.

Extended Arctic Ozone Depletion In 1997 Related To Prolonged Polar Vortex
The winter of 1996-1997 was marked by an extremely long-lived Arctic polar vortex, a low pressure system mainly centered on the North Pole.

AAAS Report Attributes Majority Of Killings In Guatemala To State
For the first time, scientific analysis places responsibility for the majority of killings that occurred in Guatemala over a 36-year period of armed conflict in the hands of the government regimes that ruled the country.

Snowmobile Injuries
A study of snowmobile injuries and deaths in Alaska, published in the Jan/Feb issue of Public Health Reports, found that in Alaska in 1993-1994, snowmobile-related deaths occurred at a rate of 27 per 100K snowmobiles in use vs.
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