Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 21, 1999
Here A Beam, There A Beam
Physicists at the California Institute of Technology recently succeeded in transporting a quantum state of light from one side of an optical bench to the other without it traveling through any physical medium in between.

U. of I. Physicist Named IOP Honorary Fellow
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Anthony J. Leggett, a professor of physics at the University of Illinois, was named an Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Physics during an awards dinner today (Jan.

Leak Detectives: Brookhaven, Con Ed & EPRI Report New Method For Finding Underground Pipe Leaks
A novel method for finding dielectric fluid leaks in underground high-voltage electric cables protects the environment and prevents street excavations, while saving utilities time and money, according to a new study.

Dendritic Cell Immunotherapy May Provide Cancer Patients With A Vaccine To Combat Malignant Brain Tumors
A new type of cancer vaccine is being tested at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute, giving new hope to patients with malignant brain tumors.

Women, Minorities Make Huge S&E Education Gains, But Are Still Underrepresented Overall
The number of women and underrepresented minority group members earning baccalaureate to doctoral degrees in Science and Engineering (S&E) fields rose as much as 68 percent from 1985 and 1995, according to a National Science Foundation (NSF) Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS) Data Brief.

Clouds Foretell Biggest Ozone Hole Ever
Naval researchers report that unusually extensive stratospheric clouds over the South Pole set the stage for the near-record-size hole in Antarctica's ozone layer reported earlier this year by NASA and NOAA scientists.

Helicopter Pilots Face Virtual Reality
A flight simulator developed at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif., is giving helicopter pilots valuable cockpit time while still on the ground.

Y2K: Chip Failures May Thwart Industry Safety Controls
Chemical industry efforts to keep the so-called Y2K computer problem from shutting down safety controls may be further behind than previously thought -- particularly at smaller chemical companies around the nation -- according to a report in this week's issue of Chemical & Engineering News.

Smart Cards For Pregnant Women
The WOMENS CARD enables doctors at a computer to quickly access patients' medical records.

Finding The Learning Curve When Using A Surgical Force Feedback Simulator
Physicians at Penn State's College of Medicine are studying the optimal length of time it takes for physicians to use a human patient simulator.

Rare Fossil Shows Dinosaurs As Fast, Dangerous
Scientists at Oregon State University who just completed a study of what they say is the world's most perfectly preserved fossil of a theropod, or meat-eating dinosaur, say it provides an unprecedented view of the biology of these ancient reptiles and new clues to their lifestyle.

Butterflies Help Reveal The Source Of Life's Little Luxuries
How the elephant got its trunk, the deer its antlers and the rattlesnake its rattles may seem like disparate questions of developmental biology, but the origins of these novelties, according to the genes of butterflies, may have much in common.

Transistors For The Next Century
ONR-sponsored scientists at Cornell University are developing a new generation of transistors based on gallium nitride.

A Computer Program For Willie Loman
With ONR funding, the Rice-Rutgers team recently announced a new record for the Traveling Salesman Problem by determining the best possible route for a salesman visiting 13,509 cities.

Thousands Of Young Scientists Across The Country Showcase Their Study Of "Our Changing Earth" On Public Science Day, January 21
Thousands of students coast-to-coast, from alternative schools for troubled youth to science magnet schools, will take part in

Rare Fossil Shows Theropod Dinosaurs Are Fast, Dangerous 'Turbocharged' Reptiles
Oregon State University (OSU) scientists funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have completed a study of what they say is the world's most perfectly preserved fossil of a theropod, or meat-eating dinosaur.
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