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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | February 01, 1999


A New Encyclopedia Of Mouse Genes
In the genome-conscious world of modern molecular biology, the mouse is getting a boost with the release of an encyclopedia containing more than 360,000 genetic sequences.
Unveiling The Milky Way
Researchers have produced the largest, highest-resolution radio image ever of the Milky Way's center.
Inner-City HIV Patients Fail To Take Advantage Of Available Therapies
Despite the increasing availability of combination drug therapy proven to be highly effective at controlling the HIV virus, most inner-city HIV patients who are sick enough to require hospitalization choose not to receive outpatient care, according to a study by Emory University infectious disease specialists.
People Power Over Nuclear Issues
The opinions and emotions of local residents are being distorted by political rhetoric and grossly underestimated by the nuclear industry, according to Professor Lynda Warren, writing in the journal Interdisciplinary Science Reviews.
President Asks Almost $4 Billion For NSF's Fiscal Year 2000 Budget
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today outlined a record budget request for fiscal year 2000 amounting to nearly $4 billion.
Improving Traffic Safety From The Local/Short-Haul Trucker's Perspective
Local/short-haul truck drivers identify a number of safety issues in their work, including lack of education among the driving public about how to interact with trucks, stress caused by time pressure making deliveries, inattention caused by scheduling demands, and poor roadway and dock designs.
Age, Neurological Symptoms Linked To Injuries In Farmers
New research suggests that certain factors -- such as age and neurological symptoms -- play a significant role in the risk of injuries to farmers.
The Next Plastic
A new class of materials based on metal foams promises to be as revolutionary as plastic was in the 1970s
New Studies Offer Clues To AIDS Vaccine Design And Safety
New studies by NIAID scientists and grantees help fill in pieces of the AIDS vaccine research puzzle.
An Ergonomically Redesigned Analgesia Delivery Device Proves Safer And More Efficient
A human factors approach to assessing and redesigning a complex medication delivery device results in increased safety, improved efficiency, and reduced workload among nurses.
Apple-Shaped Kids At Greater Risk For Heart Disease Than Pear-Shaped Peers
DALLAS, Feb. 2 -- Children with chubby tummies have more heart disease risk factors than their pear-shaped peers, according to a new study published in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.
AAPS Announces First Online Education Event
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) is pleased to announce its first online continuing education event.
UNC-CH Ligament-Tendon Structure Discovery May Lead To Better Treatment, Scientists Explain
CHAPEL HILL - Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered that a simple molecule known as a pentapeptide tends to block binding of one collagen fibril to another.
Designing Successful Technology-Rich Elementary Schools
Teachers participated in the design of an optimum elementary school classroom accommodating networked desktop computers for students, helping to ensure successful use.
AAPS Announces Call For Nominations For 1999 Awards
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) is seeking nominations for the 1999 AAPS Awards, to be presented during the 1999 AAPS Annual Meeting Awards Ceremony on Nov.
Newly Discovered Viral Gateway Into Cells Could Play Role In Diagnosis And Treatment Of Leukemia, HIV And Other Viral Diseases
Scientists in Oregon have discovered the gateway through which a form of leukemia virus makes its way into cells.
Cutting Corrosion
A new miniature sensor will help the Navy cut costs and improve crew safety in the ongoing battle against corrosion.
Genes Linked To Early Onset, Location Of Hereditary Colon Cancer
Researchers have identified a mechanism that may explain where colorectal tumors arise and at what age the tumors develop in people with one form of colorectal cancer.
Infants Use Sign Language To Communicate At Ohio State School
When 11-month-olds at an OSU laboratory school want to eat, they don't have to cry: they can use their hands to sign for a bottle.
Ethnic Disparities Between Blacks And Whites Receiving Cardiac Procedures Eliminated
In a national study, white patients with chronic renal failure were three times more likely to receive cardiac catheterization, angioplasty, and coronary artery bypass surgery than blacks.
APL Mission Proposal Selected By NASA For Feasibility Study
A Johns Hopkins-led proposal to study the interaction between the Earth's atmosphere and nearby space is a finalist in NASA's Explorer program.
WFU Baptist Medical Center Researchers Reduce Complications Of Bypass Surgery
With a new $1.9 million federal grant, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center will expand research on how hospitals can reduce the number of patients who experience confusion, memory loss and personality changes after heart bypass surgery.
School Computer Posture Problems Found
Kids in elementary school are being put at risk by computer workstations that have been designed with little or no regard for children's musculoskeletal health, according to a Cornell University study.
Couples' Attachment Style May Help Determine Male Violence
The combination of an insecure man with a dismissive woman may make domestic violence more likely in a relationship, new research suggests.
Offshore DDT Deposit Spreading, Research Suggests
DDT and other chemicals left by decades of pesticide manufacturing may be spreading from the offshore sediments of the Palos Verdes Shelf (PVS), off Los Angeles, a University of Southern California Sea Grant study suggests.
Study Indicates Auto-Antibodies Contribute To Destruction Of Nerve Fibers Myelin Sheath, The Hallmark Of Multiple Sclerosis
Researchers have discovered that the body's own antibodies, in recent years considered minor, perhaps even inconsequential, culprits in the development of multiple sclerosis, actually play a direct role in the development of the disease.
Premature Babies? Temperaments Less Amiable, According To Mom
Mothers who give birth prematurely are more likely to have negative perceptions of their baby's temperament than are moms who give birth after a full nine months.
Neonatology Research Leads To Better Understanding Of How Estrogen Protects Against Heart Disease
Scientists at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas now have a better understanding of the protective role that estrogen plays in cardiovascular disease.
Search For Iron Transport Mechanism Leads To "Hephaestus," God Of Metal Working,Who Insight Into Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Hephaestus, the Greek god of metal-working, wove a net of iron, and ensnared the illicit lovers Ares and Aphrodite making love.
Big Classes An Asset For Teaching Ethics To Engineering Students
A course that teaches ethics to electrical engineering students at Ohio State University is proving that studying in large classes can sometimes enrich learning.
Fly Tumor Points Way To New Understanding Of Cancer Development
By creating fruit flies that exhibit mutations akin to those found in human cancer patients, HHMI researchers have identified a new type of tumor suppressor gene that may yield new insights into some little-understood human cancers.
Give Elderly Pedestrians More Time To Cross Intersections
Elderly pedestrians' perception that crosswalks are longer than they actually are and that there is less time to cross supports a recommendation to increase intersection crossing time for pedestrians of all ages.
Higher-Income Shoppers Often Look For Bargains, Research Suggests
A new study has found that higher-income shoppers may be bigger bargain hunters for some products than are lower- income consumers.
Familial Cancer Syndrome Linked to Colorectal Cancer in Younger People
Nearly one-fifth of patients who develop colorectal cancer at a young age (40 and younger) have a family history consistent with a familial colorectal cancer syndrome known as hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), according to researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
AHA Says Scientific Evidence Does Not Yet Support Recommending Vitamin E Or Other Antioxidant Supplements
DALLAS, Feb. 1 -- Results of several studies now show that fruits, vegetables and whole grains that contain antioxidants may lower an individual's risk for heart disease, but it is still unclear whether antioxidant supplements, taken as vitamin pills, have a similar benefit.
Reasons For Selling House May Affect Final Price, Selling Time
A homeowner's motivation to sell affects the final selling price and how long that house stays on the market.
Skeletal Muscle Yields Precursors Of Bone Cells That Form Bone When Transplanted Into Animals
Several growth factors speed the healing of muscle injuries in animal models, paving the way for these compounds to be used one day in people with similar injuries, according to a University of Pittsburgh presentation at the Orthopaedic Research Society meeting in Anaheim, Calif.

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