Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 01, 1999
New Research Identifies Outcomes And Future Trends Based On Past Behaviors, Experience
At the frontier of better diagnosis and newer treatments for mental illnesses, psychiatric researchers are successfully using knowledge from the past to determine patient outcomes and future trends.

3D Sight From Sonic Imaging
A new technique for visualising the three dimensional internal structure of an object will allow engineers to see exactly where cracks and faults have appeared and how well the structure has been built.

Jefferson Scientists Find Link Between Learning And Preventing Alzheimer's
A new study in rats suggests that a stimulating, learning environment early in life might actually help ward off neurodegenerative diseases later.

New Cell Isolation Method Will Aid In Studying Tumor Development
Investigators at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have developed a new way to isolate purified cancer cells - an important advance that will help unravel the mysteries of tumor biology and cancer development.

Mandatory Reporting Of Domestic Violence Cases To Police Has Mixed Support From California Physicians
A study of California physicians shows the majority has mixed feelings about a state law requiring suspected cases of domestic violence to be reported to authorities.

Better Than Frosting
By combining low-cost infrared sensors with predictive modeling techniques, ONR-sponsored researchers have developed a new welding technique that promises to save the Navy $10 million per year at one shipyard alone.

Metal Injection For Healthier Car Components
Metallic components found in car gear boxes, sun roofs and handbrake mechanisms are stronger, more reliable and much cheaper to produce thanks to increasing use of metal injection moulding.

Hardening Of The Aorta Increases The Risk Of Stroke
In the first prospective, long-term study of the relationship between atherosclerosis in the aorta and risk of stroke and death, researchers have found that the long-term risk increases dramatically if this vessel is diseased.

Osiris Therapeutics Reports Key Findings in SCIENCE Verifying Existence of Adult Stem Cells
Pittenger et al. have isolated from human bone marrow the multipotent stem cells that give rise to various

Cut Nerve Fibers Are Repaired In An Animal Model of Spinal Cord Injury; May Help Repair Nerve Damage In Humans
Scientists have found success in animals with a promising new way to rejoin severed nerves quickly.

Semiconductors With A Twist
ONR-funded researchers at Cornell University recently announced a breakthrough in creating a universal substrate for semiconductors.

First Estimates Developed Of Lightning-Associated 'Sprites'
For the first time, scientists have developed a reliable estimate of the number of

Role Of Protein Linked To Colon Cancer Identified, Offering Potential Target For Therapy
UC San Francisco researchers have determined how a protein already strongly associated with colon cancer actually exacts its toll, offering a potential new target for drug therapy.

Space Transportation Experts Showcase Advanced Propulsion Research
Propulsion systems that get their oomph from lasers, antimatter and other unconventional energy sources will be discussed when space transportation experts gather in Huntsville, Ala., next week.

Folic Acid Lowers Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease
University of Michigan scientists have solved the mystery behind folic acid's ability to reduce amounts of a compound called homocysteine, which is associated with an increased risk of heart attacks, strokes and birth defects in humans.

Children Of Smokers Suffer Negative Health Effects Later In Life
Environmental tobacco smoke's negative effects on a child living with smoking parents continue to linger long after that child leaves home.

Polymer Patterns
Researchers are developing a new way to create microscopic patterns on surfaces.

Increasing Carbon Dioxide Threatens Tropical Coral Reefs
Tropical coral reefs could be harmed by atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) entering the oceans; some reefs may already be declining.

Most Home-Based Workers Are Male, Have Traditional Jobs
Most home-based workers don't fit popular perception. A study of 899 home-based workers in nine states found that nearly 59 percent were male.

Porous Silicon Joining Humans To Machines
A new porous version of silicon could be the key to allowing mechanical devices to interact with human tissue, according to initial research into the biocompatibility of the material at De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.

Palm-Sized Ultrasound Scanner
A portable, hand-held ultrasound scanner developed under the sponsorship of the Office of Naval Research and the Defense Advanced Research Programs Agency can provide images of internal organs and detect sites of internal bleeding that might not be apparent to on-site medics.

Can Support For Democracy Be Taught? Study Shows Mixed Results
It may be difficult to teach teenagers in post-communist societies to develop strong support for democratic and free market principles.

People Stay In City For Diversity, Move To Suburbs For Schools
Urban residents who move from a central city to the suburbs differ from those who move within the city limits, a new study shows.

High-Tech Sea Hunt
The Office of Naval Research and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency are sponsoring development of a new mine-detection technology that promises to significantly improve the Navy's ability to detect and clear underwater mines.
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