Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 08, 1999
The Commons: Not Always A Tragedy
This research refutes a thrity-year-old assertion that human users of common resources will ultimately destroy the resource on which they depend.

Alcohol Consumption, Related Problems Among High-Risk College-Age Drinkers Can Be Slashed Using Brief Intervention
Using a technique that can be likened to defensive drinking, alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems were significantly slashed among a group of high-risk college- drinkers using a brief, non-confrontational intervention treatment developed by University of Washington researchers.

Options Available For Raising Pay For Child Care Providers
Low wages among child care workers in Montana contribute to high turnover among caregivers, according to a recent survey at Montana State University-Bozeman.

New Website Lets You Calculate Water Quality Consequences
A new Penn State website that enables you, with just a point and click, to calculate the consequences when one or more environmental or policy factors are changed or disturbed in Pennsylvania's Spring Creek watershed is available now on the Internet.

X-33 Liquid Oxygen Test Tank Ready For Stress Tests At NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center
A duplicate of a major component of the experimental X-33 technology demonstrator -- its liquid oxygen tank -- soon will undergo a series of stress tests at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.

Mixing Radiation, Minerals, Toxic Waste Could Be Cleanup Boon -- Or Kaboom
In a finding that could either lead to a new method of chemical waste cleanup or predict disaster at a nuclear waste site, researchers have shown that soil minerals and radiation can break down toxic wastes.

Survey Documents Low Pay, High Turnover Among Child Care Providers
Child care providers in Montana turn over at an alarming rate, according to a recent survey done at Montana State University.

Wistar Institute To Host Regeneration Symposium (Updated Schedule)
Philadelphia's Wistar Institute will host a symposium on regeneration on May 5- May 6 1999.

Rice, Medical Center Institutions Join Forces On Health Initiative
The resources of Rice University and the University of Texas- Houston Health Science Center will be joined formally for the first time in a major research program to identify social and societal determinants of the health of the world's population and to develop public policies that could contribute to a significant decrease in illness and increase in well-being and productivity.

IOM Report Offers New Look At U.S. Vaccine Priorities
A new study from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) presents important information to help the research community set domestic vaccine priorities for the future.

Molecular Effect Of Vitamin E On Plaque Formation Identified
Furthering evidence of the importance of vitamin E, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have identified the pathway that may allow the vitamin to block the trigger of arterial plaque formation at the molecular level.

Alzheimer's Disease And Developmental Biology Linked Through Single Molecule
Researchers have uncovered a biochemical connection between presenilin, a molecule involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease, and another protein that controls crucial aspects of developmental biology.

American Red Cross Launches New Genetic Screening Technology To Directly Detect Viruses
The American Red Cross is pioneering the use of an innovative technology -- a new genetic test, nucleic acid testing or NAT -- for the early detection of transfusion-transmitted viruses, such as HIV and Hepatitis C Virus, which could add an additional layer of safety to the 14 million units of blood components distributed by the Red Cross to hospitals nationwide each year.

Patients Better Than Doctors At Predicting Their Health
Patients, especially African-Americans, are better at predicting their future health than are their doctors, according to a Purdue University study.

Genetic, Familial Factors Influence ADHD, Not Necessarily Sex Of Child
Psychiatry researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Colorado State Hurricane Forecast Team Maintains Prediction For Active 1999 Season; Landfall Probabilities Above Average
Colorado State University's hurricane forecaster William Gray is maintaining his prediction for a 1999 hurricane season similar to last year's in the Atlantic Basin.

Experts Meet In Canada To Discuss Vaccine Progress
Immunization experts will meet April 12-16 in Ottawa, Canada to look at vaccine issues and chart the course of immunization programs in the Americas.

Women Born With Birth Defects Run Small Risk Their Children Will Have Them
Women with birth defects have a small risk of also having children with birth defects, researchers in Norway and at the U.S.

Study: Birth Defects Decrease Survival, Childbirth, Boost Risk Of Similar Defects
A new study of nearly a half million girls and women shows that those born with birth defects are less likely to survive, especially during the first years of life, than others born without them.

Jumpin' Jordan! Athletic Gene Yields Biological Clues
Joltin' Joe is immortalized in song, Babe Ruth in a candy bar, but only Michael Jordan has a gene named after him.

Montana Scientist Returns From Dinosaur Nesting Site In Patagonia
More fossilized sauropod embryos and skin were found at Argentina's Auca Mahuevo site this year, reported a Montana State University scientist connected with the project.

New Microscope Can Help Develop Jet Engine Materials
To build a better jet engine, Johns Hopkins University engineer Kevin Hemker believes you have to start small.

Nonintrusive Imaging Technique Useful For Identifying Language Regions In Kids' Brains
An advanced imaging technique, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used to study the developing brain, suggest findings at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

UF Researcher Explores Complex Relationship Between Smoking And Fertility
While smoking can cause some damage that is not reversible, to stop smoking is helpful at any point during pregnancy, and women who want to get pregnant are advised to stop smoking, say researchers who determined that so-called protective effects of smoking are more mirage than reality.

Study Of Children's Fillings Finds No Mercury Exposure
Mercury exposure from dental amalgam fillings poses no threat to children's health, according to a new study by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry.
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