Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 29, 1999
Scientists Show Proteins Function Individually As Part Of DNA Repair
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered part of one of the processes by which the body repairs the genetic material known as DNA inside cells.

Wean Your Yard Off Pesticides
Purdue University entomologist Cliff Sadof says weaning your yard off chemicals starts with learning other, less toxic ways to reach the same end -- a yard you can be proud of.

Sharks Get Porthole Of Opportunity
The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) adopted new restrictions this week to help stop overfishing of large coastal sharks in the Atlantic, based in part on scientific studies conducted by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), a member of the Ocean Wildlife Campaign.

HHMI To Award $15 Million In Grants To Support Biomedical Scientists In The Baltics, Central And Eastern Europe And The Former Soviet Union
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute will award $15 million in new grants to support the research of biomedical scientists in the Baltics, Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.

Holding Policy Is Cost-Effective Way To Further Protect Blood Plasma Supply From HIV And Other Infections
Operations research by Yale and CDC researchers suggests that a sophisticated holding policy recently implemented by the blood plasma industry is a cost-effective part of the overall strategy for preventing the spread of HIV and other infections from blood plasma donors to recipients.

Cochlear Implant Increases Access To Mainstream Education
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report that profoundly deaf children receiving a cochlear implant are more apt to be fully mainstreamed in school and use fewer school support services than similarly deaf children without an implant.

Early Heart Repair For Marfan Syndrome Patients Critical To Survival
People with Marfan syndrome should be carefully monitored for development of an aortic aneurysm -- a ballooning of the large blood vessel that leads away from the heart -- and should be treated early, according to a large, international study led by physicians at Johns Hopkins.

Skinny Models In Ads Cause Immediate Anger, Depression In Women
Magazine ads featuring female fashion models have an immediate negative impact on a woman's self-esteem, according to a University of Toronto study published in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

When To Use Consensus Decision-Making
A study by Randall Peterson, an assistant professor at Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management, shows when consensus decision-making will work and when not to use it.

Invading Beetle Threatens Canada's Pine Forests
A European beetle that arrived in North America in the ballasts of ships will likely spread throughout Canada and present a major threat to the lumber and Christmas tree industries, says a University of Toronto researcher.

Postpartum Help Needed To Keep Recent Mothers From Resuming Smoking Habit
Many women stop smoking as soon as they find out they're pregnant.

UI Researcher Shows Economic Benefits Of Hospitals Fast-Tracking Patients Vary
Many hospitals and health care centers have embraced fast- tracking as a way to decrease staffing costs while maintaining quality care.

Study Confirms Girls' Belief: More Fat Means Fewer Dates
Concerns about how adolescent girls react to normal weight gains prompted University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers to look at the real-life implications of body fat for dating and sexual activity.
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