Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 05, 1999
International Meeting To Focus On Structural Optimization
The third World Congress of Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, an international conference focusing on research into all aspects of the optimal design of structures and systems, will be held May 17-21 in the Natural Sciences Complex on the University at Buffalo North (Amherst) Campus.

Bacteria That Gorge On Rotting Waste Can Break Down DDT
Chicken manure, old newspapers or straw can be used to clean up land contaminated with dangerous chlorinated pesticides such as DDT, say Canadian scientists.

From Houses Of Mercy To Temples Of Surgical Precision -- A New Book Explores The History Of Hospitals
In his new book, Mending Bodies, Saving Souls, medically trained historian Guenter B.

Essential 'Allergy Feedback Loop' Discovered By Hopkins
Blood test results from hayfever victims testing an experimental anti-allergy drug have led investigators at the Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center to discovery of an essential immune system feedback loop that appears to be a basic mechanism driving all allergies.

Therapy Developed At Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Shows Promise In Preventing Rejection Of Transplanted Organs
A therapeutic approach, infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin, that appears to significantly reduce the rejection risk of transplanted organs is currently being studied in multi-center clinical trials but already has been adopted as an effective tool by most major transplant centers throughout the country.

Plant-Based Fat Inhibits Growth Of Breast-Cancer Cell Line, UB Researchers Show
A plant-based fat abundant in vegetarian diets and shown to inhibit the growth of prostate and colon cancer cells in vitro, also inhibits the growth in vitro of one line of breast-cancer cells, University at Buffalo nutrition researchers have found.

Watch Out, There's A Tsunami On The Way
Japan should soon be able to get advance warning of tsunamis, the giant waves that create havoc when they hit the coast.

HHMI To Award $14 Million In New International Program To Support Research On Infectious And Parasitic Diseases
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) today announced plans to award $14 million in grants through a new international initiative to help scientists devise new approaches for combating infectious and parasitic diseases that have a worldwide impact, particularly in developing countries.

IUPAC, IUPHAR, And IUTOX Publish A Report On Natural And Anthropogenic Environmental Oestrogens: The Scientific Basis For Risk Assessment
The scientific underpinning for the controversial international concerns about endocrine disrupters has been addressed in a recent issue of the journal Pure and Applied Chemistry (Vol.

Study Shows Dermatologists Are Best At Removing Skin Cancers
Patients with a common form of skin cancer known as basal cell carcinoma stand a better chance of being cured by seeing a dermatologist rather than any other type of physician.

Knife-Less Brain 'Surgery' Offers New Treatment Options
With a severely blocked artery in his brain, Kerry Swestyn of Winston-Salem was in danger of having a fatal stroke.

International Meeting To Reduce Neonatal Mortaltiy
Neonatal mortality - or death within the first 28 days - represents 2/3 of all infant mortality in the United States and remains a significant problem even as overall rates of infant mortality decline.

Algorithms Used In Military Radar Systems Have Potential To Improve Medical Ultrasonic Imaging
Radar systems employing image-formation algorithms developed by a University at Buffalo associate professor -- and likely being used by NATO planes to spot hidden targets in Yugoslavia -- have the potential to significantly improve medical ultrasonic imaging.

Rockefeller University Scientists Receive Prestigious Awards For Cancer Research
Arnold J. Levine, Ph.D., newly appointed president of The Rockefeller University, and Robert G.

S&E Degrees To Women, Minorities On The Rise, Math Achievement 'Gender Gap' Is Gone
The number and proportion of women and minorities enrolled and earning undergraduate and graduate science and engineering [S&E] degrees continues to increase, while the number of white men doing so is decreasing, according to a National Science Foundation [NSF] report released today to Congress.

Materials Congress 2000
Materials Congress 2000, the largest interdisciplinary event for the materials science and engineering community in the UK, will be held on 12-14 April 2000 at the Royal Agricultural College in Cirencester, Wiltshire, UK.

Free E-mail Services Are Vulnerable To Hackers
Free Web-based e-mail services are vulnerable to hackers, according to findings by an Internet security consultancy in Maryland, US.

Key Peptides Found That Stop -- Even Reverse -- Kidney Disease In Lupus
Northwestern researchers have identified key peptides that halt kidney disease in lupus, an autoimmune disease that attacks the body's own DNA.

Researchers Track Path Of Safer Gene Delivery Method
For the first time, researchers at Rice University and the University of Texas-Houston Health Science Center have tracked the path that a synthetic polymer--which acts as an artificial virus--and the DNA it carries take through living cells.

Patients Treated Successfully For Hodgkin's Disease Are At 9 Times The Risk For Developing Second Cancer
Persons treated for Hodgkin's disease in childhood are at high risk for developing a second malignancy and should be monitored closely by their physicians throughout their lifetime, researchers at the University at Buffalo and Roswell Park Cancer Institute have shown.

New Approach To Attacking Alzheimer's Disease Studied
Researchers have developed an array of new chemicals that may attack Alzheimer's disease in a unique way.

Do Neurons Learn By Growing Thorns? Emergence Of Dendritic Spines Is Associated With Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity
Researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Munich/Germany have discovered that long-term potentiation (a strengthening of synaptic connections that is thought to be the cellular basis for learning and memory) in a hippocampal neuron goes along with morphological changes in specialized microscopic structures, the so-called dendritic spines (Nature, May 6th, 1999).

Newly Updated HIV Treatment Guidelines For Adults And Adolescents Available On The World Wide Web
An updated version of the Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents has been posted to the AIDS Treatment Information Service Web site,
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