Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 1999
UI Researchers Identify Possible Reason For Rare, Accelerated Aging Condition
A University of Iowa study looking at a rare, accelerated aging condition could improve understanding of normal aging and lead to treatments for various problems, including the accelerated aging condition itself, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases.

Benefits Are Likely From Vitamin B-6 In Premenstrual Syndrome
A dose of no more than 100mg/day of vitamin B-6 is likely to be a benefit in treating premenstrual symptoms and premenstrual depression, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Research Shows That Noncompliance Is Responsible For Half The Cases Of Nonresponse To Antihypertensive Drug Treatment
Michel Burnier, M.D., Professor of Medicine at the University of Lausanne, today presented research findings at the American Society of Hypertension annual meeting indicating that noncompliance with prescribed antihypertensive drugs is responsible for approximately half the failures of drug treatment to bring high blood pressure down to normal levels.

Support-Service Approach To Welfare-To-Work Bolsters Children's Cognitive Development
Welfare-reform plans that include education, job training, and high-quality center-based daycare for children offer the greatest promise of moving parents from welfare to work and fostering their children's cognitive potential, according to research reported in the current issue of Child Development.

National Survey: Leg Crossing Is Taboo But Women Indulge Anyway
Almost half (45%) of American women cross their legs most or nearly all the time, even though 75% know that it is bad for circulation, according to a national survey released today to mark the Venastat Great American Cross-OutTM .

Quality Parenting Helps Kids Cope With Inner-City Stress
Good parenting can serve as a powerful buffer against the stresses faced by children growing up in poor, urban environments, according to new research reported in the current issue of Child Development.

Stress Patterns In Adolescence Differ Between Boys And Girls
While adolescent girls and boys experience similar levels of stress, adolescent girls are more likely to experience stress in their relations with parents and friends, whereas adolescent boys' stress is more likely to emerge from trouble in school or other factors outside their relationships with others.

Researchers Learn How Nature Produces Cholesterol-Lowering Lovastatin
Scientists know that a fuzzy fungus similar to the mold that grows on stale bread and over-ripe fruit produces lovastatin, the natural substance that lowers cholesterol in humans.

E-mail Is A Powerful Tool In Doctor-Patient Relationship
Rapid communication is now available to patients and healthcare professionals via email, writes a doctor in a personal view in this week's BMJ.

Stress Hormone Tied To Depression And Conduct Disorder In Pregnant Teens
Shedding new light on the biology of violence, a Penn State- led team has found evidence, for the first time, in pregnant teens that lower concentrations of a stress hormone in the blood are linked to greater numbers of depression and conduct disorder symptoms.

Mother's depression impedes baby's development
New research shows that when depressed mothers talk to their babies, their speech lacks many of the familiar characteristics of

Less Toxic Bone Marrow Transplant Technique May Have More Powerful Anti-Cancer Effect
A research team from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has shown that it is possible to transplant bone marrow successfully from mismatched human donors without the usual pre-transplant destruction of the patient's own bone marrow.

GPs Of The Future Will Be Information Specialists
The general practitioners of the future will be

Study Reveals Cancer Role Of Mutated Gene
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered the molecular role in cancer development of a mutated tumor suppressor gene known as ARF.

Ordinary Touches Multiply Into Severe Pain For Fibromyalgia Patients
Researchers at the University of Florida and elsewhere are beginning to piece together clues that reveal the physical basis of a puzzling syndrome called fibromyalgia that causes severe fatigue and aches, and has defied easy diagnosis.

Kidney Transplants From Living Donors Reduce Long-Term Costs Of Care
Dialysis is much costlier to maintain than giving a person a kidney from a living donor, according to a study of more than 50,000 transplant recipients.

Diet Can Reduce Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease
A comprehensive meta-analysis of 37 diet intervention studies shows that progressive reduction in dietary calories, saturated fat and cholesterol has positive benefit in reducing serum lipids and lipoproteins and cardiovascular risk without use of conventional cholesterol lowering drugs.

Marine Life In South Pacific Region Found To Be Impervious To Oceans' Highest Arsenic Levels
Fish, clams and coral near Papua New Guinea that are exposed to some of the world's highest levels of arsenic seem to suffer no ill effects.

International conference on VR technologies at University College London, 20-22 December 1999
Cutting edge virtual reality technologies from around the world form part of an international conference on Virtual Reality Software and Technology on 20-22 December 1999 at University College London.

AAPS Workshop To Explore Individual Bioequivalence
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) will host the AAPS International Workshop on Individual Bioequivalence: Realities and Implementation on August 30 - Sept.

Discovery Of A Molecule That Controls Bile Acids May Lead To New Cholesterol Drugs
The discovery that a nuclear receptor controls the production of bile acids and works within a pathway that speeds up destruction of cholesterol may lead to new cholesterol drugs, UT Southwestern researchers reported in today's issue of Science.

Renowned Prostate Cancer Experts Present Latest Findings At UCSF Cancer Center Symposium
The latest discoveries related to prostate cancer research, diagnosis and treatment will be presented by several of the nation's leading cancer experts during an all-day symposium at the University of California, San Francisco.

Impulsive Children More Prone To Injuries
Young children's temperaments offer important clues to their later risk of being injured unintentionally, according to the results of a longitudinal study reported in the current issue of Child Development.

The Sagan criteria for life revisited
Would we know life if we saw it? What is essential to life, and what is just characteristic of life as we know it?

Slimy Bacteria Common Cause Of Chronic Infections
Bacterial slime is the culprit behind many nagging infections that plague children and adults, scientists at Montana State University-Bozeman and the University of Iowa say in a paper published May 21, 1999 in the journal Science.
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