Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 09, 1999
UW scientists find a gene that controls organ shape
Growing complete organs in the laboratory, a longstanding dream of biomedical science, is one key step closer to reality as a team of Wisconsin scientists report the discovery of a genetic mechanism that gives organs their shape.

Faster-than-light travel has jumped its first hurdle
Star Trek fans will be pleased to hear that the starship Enterprise's famed faster-than-light warp drive travel may not be so ludicrous after all.

Space plays havoc with your immune system
The stress of spaceflight weakens astronauts' immunity and increases the risk of passing infections to one another.

Jupiter's moon Ganymede surrounded by an impact-generated dust cloud
A cloud of submicrometer dust grains surrounding Jupiter's moon Ganymede has been discovered by scientists from the United States, Russia and the Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik in Heidelberg (Max Planck Institute of Nuclear Physics), Germany (Nature, 10 June 1999).

Getting a solid view of lightning
At the International Conference on Atmospheric Electricity this week, a New Mexico research team reports they have developed a system to depict lightning in three dimensions.

Stanford launches interdisciplinary initiative in the biological sciences
An eclectic group of Stanford faculty members from the schools of Engineering, Humanities and Sciences, and Medicine are backing an ambitious new interdisciplinary research and teaching initiative, called Bio-X, that is specifically designed to strengthen the links between faculty and students in medical research, biology, engineering, chemistry, and physics.

New gene therapy may allow patients to 'grow' their own bypass around blocked leg arteries
Phase I clinical trials to test a new gene therapy that may have the potential to help the body grow new blood vessels to create a bypass around blocked leg arteries is being tested at Temple University Hospital's Center for Vascular Disease.

Drug stops blinding blood vessel growth in mice
Scientists at Johns Hopkins and Novartis Ltd. Pharmaceuticals, in partnership with Novartis' CIBA Vision eye care unit, have identified a drug that completely stops the growth of abnormal blood vessels on or beneath the retinas of laboratory mice.

Catalyst study finds women scientists attracted to careers in industry over academia
Are American businesses effectively mining the growing talent pool of women in graduate science programs to recruit the best and brightest scientists?

Study points to possible gene therapy cure for hemophilia
New results from gene therapy studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill may lead to an effective long- term treatment, if not a cure, for hemophilia A, the most common form of this inherited blood disease.

Instrument integration begins on new atmospheric spacecraft
A spacecraft to conduct a global study of a critical region in Earth's atmosphere is taking shape at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

Germany needs a national genome initiative
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) has now released a statement 'Perspectives of Genome Research', thus taking the initiative in favour of a united effort of science and state in the interest of genome research in Germany.

Do wildlife corridors work? Studying butterflies and fragments of open space
Conservation biologists have long emphasized the potential benefits of connecting fragmented pieces of habitat with wildlife corridors.

NPSF workshop builds community to improve pharmaceutical safety
On June 10-11 the National Patient Safety Foundation will convene a workshop in Washington, DC to design and build consensus around a collaborative action plan to promote pharmaceutical safety.

Early stroke treatment with t-PA has long-lasting benefit, according to NEJM report
One year after experiencing stroke, patients who received a clot-buster early on were significantly less likely to be disabled than patients who did not receive treatment, according to National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator (rt-PA) Stroke Study Group member Michael Frankel, MD, an Emory University researcher.

New marking system gives scientists first real view of immune memory cells
A new method of permanently marking T cells has allowed Emory University immunologists and colleagues to overcome one of the most challenging barriers to understanding just how the immune system works.

FUSE satellite 'go' for launch June 23
A towering 3,000-pound satellite that will test the Big Bang theory and collect the most complete observations yet of the Milky Way's star-making machinery will launch on Wednesday, June 23, from Cape Canaveral Air Station in Florida.

UCSF HIV/AIDS web site honored by Smithsonian Institution
A web site dedicated to HIV/AIDS and maintained by the University of California San Francisco was honored this week in Washington, DC, by the Smithsonian Institution.

How to vary the speed of a bullet so it won't kill your target
Guns can now be turned into non-lethal weapons with the twist of a dial, thanks to a new propellant developed by scientists in Tennessee.

Folks like their songs sad but in good taste
Most people enjoy sad music as long as they consider it artistically pleasing, according to two Penn State researchers.

One-Angstrom Microscope achieves better than one-angstrom resolution -- and more
Using the One-Angstrom Microscope (OAM) at the National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM), researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have made unprecedented images of columns of carbon atoms in a diamond lattice, only 0.89 angstrom apart -- less than one ten-billionth of a meter.
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