Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 18, 1999
SFVAMC-UCSF scientists solve a key protein structure
Completing a decades old quest by biochemists and biophysicists scattered around the world, a multi- institutional team of researchers has discovered the structure of Complex II, a protein essential to the production of energy within cells.

Music, relaxation can complement pain medicine
Patients facing surgery can expect to have less post- operative pain if they use relaxation and music with their pain medicine, a new study by a nurse researcher at Case Western Reserve University has found.

Under the hood of a cellular transport machine
A collaboration between researchers in Great Britain, Italy, and Harvard has developed a newly detailed view of one of the cell's major transport vehicles responsible for shuttling into the cell a range of important molecules, including cholesterol.

Brown University research team finds keys to liver development
In the June 18 issue of Science, Brown University researchers describe the signaling mechanisms that initiate unspecialized embryonic cells to begin liver development.

Human Voltage
When people meet lightning, sparks fly. Scientists discuss statistics, biology, and safety concerning lightning strikes.

Study examines faith healing in a cell phone age
The Navajo Faith Healing Project examines the interactions among three principal forms of contemporary Navajo religious healing -- traditional Navajo ceremonies or chants, the ritual use of peyote by the Native American Church (NAC), and Pentecostal faith healing.

Universal antenatal HIV screening needed in areas of high prevalence
Universal voluntary antenatal HIV screening should be implemented in the London area, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.

UT Southwestern researchers find lever involved in ultrviolet-ray sensitivity
Investigation of two important cell systems has revealed that a large protein complex, previously thought to mainly regulate protein degradation, also plays a significant role in sensitivity to cancer-causing ultraviolet light.

Green tea can help prevent rheumatoid arthritis
Antioxidants in green tea may prevent and reduce the severity of rheumatoid arthritis, according to a study from Case Western Reserve University's School of Medicine.

Rosenbaum discovers "hidden clue" on cardiogram
A new clinical test has the potential to dramatically reduce the death toll from sudden cardiac arrest, using a clue hidden in electrocardiogram results.

Immune system rebounds for some children with AIDS, finds UF study
Young children infected with HIV have one substantial advantage over those who are older: a much greater capacity for immune system restoration when treated with a potent new class of AIDS drugs, according to a new University of Florida study.

Follow-up care can reduce hospital readmission rate, cost
Elderly patients at high risk for poor outcomes after hospital discharge who received comprehensive discharge planning and home follow-up implemented by advanced practice nurses were hospitalized less often, less quickly, and at far less Medicare cost, according to a study from Case Western Reserve University's School of Nursing.

Major economic change can lead to an increase in deaths in car accidents
Based on the experiences of the reunification of Germany, researchers in this week's BMJ warn that during times of economic change and modernisation, deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents are a predictable side-effect of the sudden affluence which increases car ownership.

Team discovers new species of hominid
Faculty members from CWRU's School of Medicine are members of a research team which discovered a new species of human ancestor called

Climate change will have detrimental effects on health in Europe
Climate warming and changes in rainfall patterns may have significant and wide ranging impacts on health in Europe, say a team of researchers in this week's BMJ.

Stimulation technique holds new promise for spinal cord injuries
An innovative method to stimulate the spinal cord directly could offer new hope to control bladder, bowel, sexual function, and leg movement in people with spinal cord injuries.

Faculty research contributes to new cervical cancer treatment
Work by a faculty member at Case Western Reserve University has contributed to the National Cancer Institute announcing that, for the first time in 20 years of ongoing research, investigators have found a weapon that actually improves the survival rate of cervical cancer patients.

Chandra x-ray observatory status update 6/18
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory is being installed in its transportation canister today, for transfer from the Vertical Processing Facility to the launch pad at the Kennedy Space Center, Fla., early next week.
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