Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 30, 1999
Duke/Novalon researchers identify potential mechanism behind tamoxifen resistance in breast cancers
Scientists have identified a likely reason why the breast cancer drug tamoxifen stops working in women who use it for more than five years.

National Science Board calls for significant new investment in research on the environment
Basic environmental research is essential to the nation's well-being and economic growth, according to a report released today by the National Science Board (NSB), the policy-making body of the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Drought and the Chesapeake Bay: Flirting with record low flow
Near-record low volumes of freshwater flowed into the Chesapeake Bay in July, according to the U.S.

W.M. Keck Foundation gives USC $110 million
The University of Southern California announced it has received a gift of $110 million from the W.M.

Elderly should receive the same cancer care as young people
Ageism in healthcare staff, lack of awareness of treatments available and beliefs or fears of patients and their families about cancer and its treatment, may all contribute to the fact that older patients do not receive the same cancer care as younger people, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Super slurry from Belarus polishes U.S. optics
A high-tech mix used in shock absorbers and clutches in Russian military vehicles has been recast as an award-winning U.S. technology for polishing precision optics, vital components in today's products such as camcorders, CD players, surgical lasers, bar-code scanners, and telescopes, through a collaboration at the University of Rochester.

Sound of the sea a clue to climate
Australian scientists will be able to detect long term climate change by sending underwater acoustic signals across the Indian Ocean.

Advances in 'On the Spot' tests have huge public health implications
Advances in

Hurricane test house braces for new storm season
A test house is wired and ready on North Carolina's Outer Banks, waiting for the next hurricane to roll in from the Atlantic.

Scientists uncover molecular changes underlying amphetamine and antidepressant action
In this week's issue of Science, scientists illuminate the way in which neurons use molecular vacuum cleaners to clear synapses of released chemical messengers, an understanding that could lead to more effective antidepressants.

HIV variant in U.S. and Europe found rare in Africa AIDS cases
A genetic variant of HIV that is tied to more rapid disease progression in the United States and Europe is rare in Africa, according to a new study headed by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Common antibiotic could treat some Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients - Other genetic diseases might yield to similar strategy
A common antibiotic called gentamicin might be able to completely arrest disease progression in about 15 percent of Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients, according to a new study in mice.

National Science Board selects leading chemists to establish new Science and Technology Center
CHAPEL HILL - The National Science Board has approved a new Science and Technology Center to be led by North Carolina and Texas scientists conducting groundbreaking research into environmentally safe solvents.

Exercise and encouraging a return to normal activities can help low back pain sufferers
A study published in this week's BMJ suggests a short programme of eight exercise classes led by a physiotherapist helps patients cope with low back pain.

University of Chicago study finds therapy to prevent miscarriage is not helpful
University of Chicago researchers report that a common yet controversial treatment, called immunotherapy, used to prevent recurrent miscarriage has no benefit.

Surgical pain increases risk of infection, study shows
Scientists have discovered a link between surgical pain and the risk of infection.

U-M scientists identify genes that make blood "thicker" and more likely to clot as we get older
University of Michigan scientists have identified two segments of DNA that work together to produce a steady increase in the capacity of blood to coagulate as we age -- a discovery that could lead to new pharmaceutical drugs for thromboses, strokes and cardiovascular disease.

Colorado State microbiologists help identify cell membrane substance that could 'boost' vaccines for tuberculosis, other diseases
Two Colorado State University microbiologists have helped identify a substance produced by the tuberculosis bacterium that triggers an immune response in the human body.
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