Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 04, 1999
Screening and intervention for domestic violence lags behind need
Hundreds of women in California who experience domestic violence are not getting the attention they need from their primary care physicians, according to a study released by the University of California, San Francisco.

Universities to compete in second annual autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) competition
This year's competition, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research and the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, will be held Aug.

Cinnamon is lethal weapon against E. coli O157:H7
When cinnamon is in, Escherichia coli O157:H7 is out. That's what researchers at Kansas State University discovered in laboratory tests with cinnamon and apple juice heavily tainted with the bacteria.

UT Southwestern researchers engineer cells that may hold key to treating inflammatory diseases
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have converted specialized cells that normally trigger an immune response into cells that trigger cell death.

A few gut parasites could do you the world of good
Regular doses of worms might rid people of inflammatory bowel disease, such as Crohn's disease, say researchers in Iowa.

Team of 200 scientists presents new research that reveals full 'tree of life' for plants
All land plants arose from fresh water not oceans and all share common ancestor.

NSF generates "new breed" of scientist & engineer
Today, the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) awards to 21 doctorate-granting institutions, totaling $54.5 million over five years.

NASA, Summa Technology, Inc. sign $11 million contract for Fastrac engine flight program
NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, in Huntsville, Ala., and Summa Technology Inc. of Huntsville, Ala., signed a contract July 30 for manufacturing, operations and maintenance of the Fastrac rocket engine in support of X-34 rocket plane test flights and potential commercialization of the engine.

High HIV RNA levels major risk factor for mother-to-child HIV transmission
Two studies supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) provide compelling evidence that the amount of HIV in a pregnant woman's blood, known as the maternal HIV viral load, is the prime risk factor for transmitting the virus to her baby.

Electricity from microscopic snowballs
The origin of the abundant negative and positive charges produced during low energy surface-impact of polar molecule clusters, has been discovered by Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching/Germany.

New study shows abuse homicides more common than records reveal
Painstaking analysis of a decade of homicides among children ages 10 and under in North Carolina shows vital records poorly reflect the number of child abuse deaths, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study.

'Keys to cures' -- an online expedition to the frontier of biomedical research
How far would you go to find a cure for cancer?

PCB exposure is bad news for the female sex drive
Female rats that are exposed to the PCBs in the womb are defeminised as fetuses and consequently reluctant to mate as adults.

INEEL launches comprehensive vadose zone management program
The U.S. Department of Energy/ Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory is leading the development of a comprehensive vadose zone program that will foster technically grounded decision-making throughout the DOE complex in the characterization, assessment and remediation of contaminated vadose zone sites.

Delmarva peninsula waters are running low
July 1999 flow rates in eight major streams on the Delmarva Peninsula were only 12-41% of the long-term average July flows for those streams, according to hydrologists at the U.S.

Audio eclipse may fill the sky
As the eclipse turns day into night over Europe on August 11, radio transmissions from near the path of totality may spread across the globe, due to ionospheric changes caused by the Moon's shadow.

The latest flight jacket gives pilots a real feel for flying
A new tactile flight jacket can prevent pilots becoming fatally disorientated when taking off in extreme conditions.

Biology, engineering jointly train students in neuro-mechanics
A $2.62 million grant from the National Science Foundation will enable 28 CWRU graduate students in biology and engineering to help design agile robots with the ability to maneuver over a diverse terrain, and create devices to restore coordinated and balanced movements to individuals with impaired nervous systems.
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