Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 13, 1999
Scientists image key steps in bacterial infection
For the first time, scientists have obtained 3-D snapshots of crucial steps in bacterial infection.

Novel chemistry induced by ultashort laser pulses
Researchers at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society in Berlin have succeeded, using ultrashort laser pulses, in 'switching on' an important surface reaction, which is inaccesible by conventional thermal chemistry.

Response to cocaine linked to biological clock genes
A new study shows that a surprising phenomenon--sensitivity to repeated cocaine exposure--can now be added to the short list of activities scientists have linked to genes controlling the biological clock.

Children and environmental toxics: special symposium at New Orleans scientific meeting
The latest research on children's health and the environment - a relatively new area of scientific exploration - is the focus of a special three-day symposium.

Sharia Punishment, Treatment and Speaking Out
The International Committee of the Red Cross and Medecins Sans Frontieres discuss the ethical dilemma posed by working in countries operating under sharia law, such as in Afghanistan.

Breaking the barriers of distance and time
Telehealth technology turns distance and geographical barriers between healthcare professionals and their clients into dust.

Sleep plays role in managing childhood chronic pain
Sleep is an important and often-overlooked factor in the care and comfort of children with painful chronic illnesses, new research shows.

Single switch triggers two immune system genes
More than 450 million years ago, the genes that control immune system diversity jumped into the genome of cartilagenous fish.

Medicine, international law and weapons
A number of researchers from the International Committee of the Red Cross report the findings of studies into the impact of modern weapons on both military and civilian populations.

Visions of supermaterials and self-assembly
Increased understanding of the principles of self-assembly in nature has opened the door to a new era of supermaterials, ranging from bulletproof Kevlar and synthetic materials used in products ranging from athletic shoes to automobile tires to the space shuttle.

Infant pain may have long-term effects
Newborn infants who are exposed to a series of painful and stressful treatments display a variety of long-term effects as older children, including an altered response to pain and an exaggerated physiological response to stress, new research shows.

Study shows obesity adds years to real age
A nutrition expert, Dr. June Stevens, has a new study of more than 300,000 people pinpointing just how dangerous carrying around extra weight can be.

American Chemical Society hosts Pacifichem 2000
Pacifichem 2000, the International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, will be held December 14-19, 2000, in Honolulu.

Two new culprits cause strawberry blight
Until now, blossom blight of strawberries in California has been mostly attributed to the fungus Botrytis cinerea. However, UC scientists have discovered that more than one organism is responsible.

Incidence rate of land mine victims in Kosovo is high
The incidence rate of injuries and deaths in Kosovo caused by mines and unexploded ordnance exceeds that found in many other countries affected by antipersonnel mines, such as Mozambique, Afghanistan or Cambodia, say researchers from the World Health Organisation.

Science or fiction? Local professor investigates
Local professor and author Dr. Jack Stocker will discuss his new book, Chemistry and Science Fiction, at the 218th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Symposium explores antibiotic-resistant bacteria: sources and strategies
Resistance to the antibiotic vancomycin in enterococci, a class of bacteria, has spread rapidly in the past ten years- causing a large number of hospital-acquired infections.

New challenges for humanitarian protection
A team from Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies in the States discusses the role physicians can and, they argue, should play in establishing civilian protection during hostilities and providing neutral space where medical and aid workers can deliver relief.

First International Congress on Telehealth and Multimedia Technologies Story Ideas
Live, interactive telehealth consultations - August 16 - 18, 1999 in Edmonton, Canada.

Media advisory: 'Is the glass ceiling still there?' Topic of women chemists symposium at New Orleans ACS meeting August 22-26
The symposium will explore the status of women in chemistry and discuss the outlook for female students currently majoring in chemistry who will be entering the job market in the next few years.

The ethics of conducting research in the developing world
A doctor from the World Health Organisation in Geneva explores the differing interpretations of ethical standards for conducting medical research in developing countries and highlights the inequitable distribution of funding - ten per cent of global research funding goes to diseases comprising 90 per cent of global burden.

Stanford scientists use noise to sort proteins
Stanford scientists have invented a device that could simplify the study of cells by isolating the molecules that inhabit the cell walls.
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