Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 20, 1999
Mosquitoes have discriminating tastes, UF researchers find
If you think mosquitoes like you better than they like other people, you're probably right, say University of Florida researchers.

USGS scientists monitor aftershocks, survey damage patterns in Turkey
Nine scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey are in Turkey to monitor aftershocks and survey damage from the 7.4 earthquake that struck western Turkey early Tuesday.

New Wake Forest study to pin down soy's active ingredient
Scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine are beginning a five-year study to determine which ingredients in soybeans are the active ones in protecting against heart disease, stroke, cancer and osteoporosis.

Soil erosion winding down, not revving up, reported in the 20 August issue of Science
Fertile topsoil is probably not eroding from farmlands at the alarming rate that it's widely believed to be, suggests a new study.

A picture and 2,000 words in Science magazine: two Kansas scientists work at forefront of emerging technology
Writing in the latest issue of Science magazine, released Aug.

Children's environmental health risks: News briefing
Experts in the field of children's environmental health will hold a news briefing on Monday, August 23rd, at 10:15 a.m. to discuss the latest risk assessment research in a variety of areas, ranging from the risks of chemicals in the environment to those in a pet's flea collar.

Scientists dissect bacterial crosstalk
Please pass the sugar, a hungry bacterium says. And the lining of the intestine complies.

You don't have to have seasonal affective disorder to suffer the winter blues
Many people believe that the season has an effect on depression and other mood states, but researchers have often reached inconsistent results when putting this widely held belief to the test.

Airplane crash survivors found to be in better mental health than non-crash airtravelers in the long run, study finds
Most of the current disaster research does not deal with aviation crashes (often because there are few survivors) nor does it look at the long-term effects of surviving the disaster.

Very low energy diets together with nicotine gum boosts smoking cessation rates
Combining a smoking cessation programme with an intervention to control weight can help women to stop smoking without putting on weight, report researchers from Sweden in this week's BMJ.

A leading cause of preventable blindness may be controlled by simple course of oral antibiotic
Treating entire communities with the oral antibiotic azithromycin might effectively control an infection that causes widespread eye disease in developing countries, according to a new study.

House proposals would cut federal support of R&D programs; AAAS reports on where FY 2000 appropriations stand at congressional recess
Congress has a number of proposals that would cut federal support of research and development programs.

Lawns and streets are main urban residential sources of phosphorus for Madison-area lakes
Lawns and streets contribute most of the phosphorus being transported from urban residential areas of Madison, Wisconsin, to Lakes Wingra and Mendota, according to a study recently published by the U.S.

Researchers gaining more understanding of sleep, sleep loss, daytime sleepiness and fatigue in healthy adults
New research from Penn State's College of Medicine shows that even one night of disrupted or missed sleep by a healthy person can drastically alter a person's chemical balance and cause daytime sleepiness and fatigue.

Physical fitness isn't the only activity to help prolong survival in older people
Social and productive activities, such as playing cards or shopping, are as effective as fitness activities in lowering the risk of all cause mortality in older people, claim researchers in this week's BMJ.

Friends don't influence the prejudices and stereotypes of adolescents
Young people are constantly warned what will happen if they hang out with the wrong crowd, but a new study finds that when it comes to prejudices and stereotypes, friends do not have much influence.

NASA announces partnership with Alabama to create new National Space Science and Technology Center
A new National Space Science and Technology Center -- where many of the world's best scientists and engineers will share ideas and facilities -- came a step closer to reality today at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.

University Of Toronto team discovers salt tolerance gene in plants
The isolation of a gene that confers salt tolerance in plants could lead to improved farming productivity in the Canadian prairies and many other areas of the world where crops are compromised by saline irrigation water, according to a study in the August 20 issue of Science.

Return to play not determined by the numbers
Once the double vision, headache and dizziness caused by a cerebral concussion disappear, team physicians must evaluate an athlete's fitness to return to play, but according to a Penn State neuropsychologist, making that decision is not easy and should be individualized, not based on group data.

Dashing and coasting to the interstellar finish line
A race to the edge of the solar system and into interstellar space could come out of a contract awarded recently by NASA for the University of Washington to develop an innovative space propulsion concept.

Addiction -- Cocaine, alcohol and PCP (News briefing)
New research into the chemistry of addictions - involving cocaine, alcohol and PCP - is being presented at the 218th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in New Orleans.

Bullying is not limited to unpopular loners, say researchers; many childrenbully each other especially in middle school
Bullying is a pervasive problem, with estimated worldwide rates of 5 to 15 percent.
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