Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 24, 1999
USGS 'put me on hold' so popular that new number is installed -- or buy it on a CD
The information that callers hear when they get put on hold after calling the U.S.

Biotechnology requires training across disciplines, and in business
Today's college graduate with a degree in chemistry, chemical engineering, or biology will not find many jobs in academe, where turnover is not brisk.

Alcohol: the chemistry of the dark side
New studies of the effects of alcohol on brain chemistry help to explain why alcoholics experience long-lasting feelings of tension and distress.

Mixed-gender investment clubs perform better than same-sex clubs
Men and women together make more profitable investing decisions than groups of men only or women only, according to a Brown sociologist.

Study finds HIV breastfeeding risk highest in early months after birth
An infant's risk of becoming infected with the AIDS virus through breastfeeding is highest during the first few months of life, according to a new study conducted among HIV- infected mothers and their babies in the African nation of Malawi.

Chemists strive to extend the life of crystalline plastics
At a memorial symposium for Andrew Keller, a pioneer in the field of semicrystalline polymers since the late 1940s, at the 218th American Chemical Society National Meeting in New Orleans, some 100 researchers will discuss semicrystalline plastics, particularly how such plastics crystallize and how the way in which they crystallize governs their end-use properties.

American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology update guidelines for treatment of heart attack
Because of the explosion of new knowledge about the treatment of heart attacks, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association have updated important sections of guidelines on heart attack treatment, previously published in November 1996.

LSU scientist says new drug will save brain cells attacked by neurological injury or disease
A new drug that may prevent the death of brain cells endangered by Alzheimer's disease, head injury, stroke or epilepsy was described here today by Nicolas G.

Researchers explore strategies for maintaining material integrity when repairing adhesive bonds
A team of Virginia Tech chemistry department researchers have developed new oligoetherimides with acetylene and maleimide reactive end groups for secondary bonding adhesive applications.

Healtheon founder among featured speakers at disease management leadership conference
The nation's leading disease management experts will convene in San Francisco, October 17-20 to discuss the current and future trends in improving health care quality for people with chronic diseases such as heart disease, asthma, and diabetes.

Mayo Clinic researchers: family history identified as new risk factor for heartburn
Mayo Clinic researchers have concluded that family history, possibly through a genetic link, and obesity are major independent risk factors for heartburn and acid regurgitation, both symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

National award recognizes local researcher Carolyn Bertozzi
Carolyn Bertozzi of Albany, Calif., will be honored August 24 by the world's largest scientific society for using sugars attached to the surfaces of body cells to further understanding and treatment of diseases ranging from rheumatoid arthritis to cancer.

Research zeroes in on killer molecule in dioxin toxicity
At Virginia Tech, Prakash and Mitzi Nagarkatti have discovered a step in dioxin toxicity that may enable them to develop diagnostic, treatment, and even prevention methods in the future.

Researchers studying adhesive bonding for future airplanes
The high speed aircraft of the future will be made of advanced materials such as titanium, adhesively bonded to form efficient lightweight structures.

NASA, Thiokol complete $1.7 billion shuttle motor agreement
NASA and Thiokol Propulsion of Brigham City, Utah, have completed negotiations for a contract worth up to $1.73 billion for 73 Space Shuttle Reusable Solid Rocket Motors.

Experimental X-34 rocket plane to begin extensive testing
NASA's experimental X-34 rocket plane will undergo testing in New Mexico, California and Florida under a test plan recently approved by Agency officials.

First medication to target PCP addiction is reported by Arkansas researchers
Animal studies by researchers at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) used an antibody-based drug to provide immediate protection against the chronic abuse of phencyclidine (PCP).

Actuarial foundation honored for innovative math education program
Math tutoring mentoring program adopted by schools in six cities and rural Canada has been honored by the American Society of Association Executives.

High-achieving children off to a good Head Start academically and socially, but study shows some are not 'turned on' by school
The highest-achieving children who were exposed to the Head Start program before entering elementary school are thriving academically and socially at the end of the third grade, but data from a new national study creates worries that their future success may be tempered by their luke-warm attitude toward school.

New nanocomposite material combines virtues of cellulose, paper and plastics
Researchers at Virginia Tech have developed a one-step process for creating thermoplastic nanocomposites from cellulose fibers.

Spelman College president speaks on challenges for women
Dr. Audrey Manley, President of Spelman College in Atlanta, will speak at a luncheon Tuesday, August 24, hosted by the Women Chemists Committee of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

If it rains in the Pacific will Kansas have a drought?
Who cares if it rains and the fish get wet?
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