Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 25, 1999
Cotton fabrics damaged by high dryer temperatures
High temperature settings on clothes dryers can damage cotton fabrics, according to a study by USDA researchers.

Landmark progress in understanding ribosome structure-- research done at Brookhaven Lab's light source
Two reports in the August 26 issue of Nature describe landmark progress in understanding the structure of the ribosome -- the complex particle that makes proteins in each living cell.

In first case of fully automated design, computers shape LEGO bricks into various designs without human input
Evolution, until now the unchallenged domain of living organisms, may soon become possible for robots as well.

Researchers find high rates of mental disorders in Oklahoma City bombing survivors
In addition to the physical damage and devastation that it caused, the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing had a major impact on mental health.

Where oil and water mix: Researchers explore use of near-critical water for replacing conventional solvents
Under normal conditions, oil and water don't mix. But

Burning gas cylinders no longer face Hobson's choice between becoming a giant flame thrower or a bomb
Until now gas cylinders caught in fires have faced a stark choice.

New DNA vaccine could fight fish disease
North American salmon and trout producers are keen to begin using a new vaccine that provides protection against a viral disease which is wiping out fish stocks.

NIEHS-cloned gene linked to a natural substance that reduces vascular inflammation, a key to arterial clogging
Scientists at National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and the University of Virgina have shown that naturally occurring fatty acids can help prevent vascular inflammation, a key component in the development of atherosclerosis-the so-called

Mosquito fish may be wiping out amphibians
Mosquito fish introduced for biological control to eat mosquito larvae actually prefer eating amphibians, according to a study in California.

Beware swarms of 'smart dust'
Packed full of sensors, lasers and communications transceivers, particles of

Trouble for the world's turtles
About half of the world's turtle species face possible extinction -- due in large part to a growing demand for turtles as a popular dining delicacy and a source of traditional medicines.

Gulf Coast environmental issues -- Tip sheet
Gulf Coast environmental issues are highlighted in several papers being presented at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in New Orleans, Aug.

MRI for carpets & fabrics: Researchers apply medical diagnostic tool to wide range of industrial processes
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has enhanced diagnostic medicine by allowing physicians to look deep inside the human body without a scalpel.

New way to write to magnetic chips
Cornell University researchers have demonstrated a new way to write information to magnetic material that could lead to new computer memory chips that would have a very high storage capacity and be non-volatile, meaning they would not require a constant electric current flowing to maintain stored information.

UMass hurricane hunter flies into the eye of the storm; gathers information tohelp predict hurricanes' paths
University of Massachusetts hurricane hunter Jim Carswell is flying into the eyes of hurricanes again this year, using high-tech weather sensors developed at UMass.

Actuarial group looks to millennium on health, investment, other topics
As the millennium approaches, what do experts in evaluating future possibilities see in the years ahead?

Double transplant frees patient from need for immunosuppressive drugs
For the first time, physicians at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have deliberately induced a state of immune tolerance in a transplant recipient, enabling the patient to discontinue drug treatment without rejecting a transplanted kidney.

Cincinnati chemists develop microsensors for nuclear waste cleanup, medical applications
A research team at the University of Cincinnati will describe progress on developing a remote microsensor system to monitor nuclear waste sites such as the one at the Department of Energy Hanford site during the annual meeting of the American Chemical Society in New Orleans.

Low-fat chocolate ice cream scores high on taste test
A University of Missouri taste test found
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