Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 17, 1999
Researchers pinpoint chemical signal that speeds mating process
Researchers at the University of Chicago have discovered a substance produced by male salamanders that acts on female salamanders as a chemical signal to speed up the courtship process and hasten mating.

Clemson researchers link federal flood insurance program to accelerated coastal development
The dramatic boom in the sale of land along the South Carolina coast is not due solely to the soothing effects of the surf.

Scientists uncover how a colon-cancer prevention drug works
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered how a drug known to help prevent colon cancer inhibits cell growth and prevents inflammation, a discovery that could lead to the design of new cancer pharmaceuticals.

Why paintings turn yellow
Dutch researchers have shown that when old-master paintings are cleaned, larger molecules of aged varnish can be left behind which actually seem to contribute to the yellowing of canvases and panels.

Hurricane Hugo serves as living laboratory for Clemson University forest scientists
Hurricanes, even ones as powerful as Hugo, are a necessary and important part of the natural order of things.

Is the 2-in-1 burster a masquerade?
A NASA scientist finds a peculiar, rapidly rotating neutron star -- a pulsar -- is acting quite a bit differently than it did in 1995, and is trying to understand why.

Statewide evacuation plan for animals developed by Clemson University
When Hurricane Hugo raged through South Carolina in 1989, there were no formal provisions for evacuating pets or livestock; but now there is a statewide network for animal evacuations, coordinated by Clemson University's Livestock- Poultry Health Program through the South Carolina Emergency Preparedness Division.

Scientists gather in Oregon to decide next steps of mid-ocean ridge exploration
More than 130 ocean scientists from the U.S. and overseas will meet in Newport, Oregon, September 22-24, to plan a new decade of research into the geology, chemistry and biology of Earth's mid-ocean ridge system.

USGS releases assessment of nation's biological resources
A report detailing the first large-scale assessment of the health and status and trends of the nation's biological resources is that across the United States land use, water use and invasive species are the three factors most responsible dramatic declines in the country's plants, animals and ecosystems.

Hurricane Floyd brings record flooding to southeast Virginia
Torrential rains from Hurricane Floyd have resulted in widespread flodding in southeast Virginia.

Breaking the worst possible news in the best possible manner
How to deliver the news to families that a loved one has died in trauma has been the focus of a study conducted at Harborview Medical Center, a level-1 trauma center.

Internet will change doctor/patient relationship of the future
The internet is transforming healthcare and is likely to have a profound effect on the way that patients and clinicians interact, claims Alejandro Jadad from McMaster University in Canada in this week's BMJ.

USGS responds to Hurricane Floyd in Virginia
Heavy rains have occurred as Floyd moved into eastern and central Virginia.

Researchers find two metabolites of gasoline additives in humans
Swedish and American researchers have identified two metabolites of the gasoline additive MTBE in humans.

UNC-CH nutrition expert says nation should regulate some diet supplements
In 1996, U.S. consumers spent more than $6.5 billion on dietary supplements.

As Hurricane Floyd moves up the Atlantic Coast . . . .
As Hurricane Floyd continues to bring heavy rain and dangerous storm surges to the Atlantic Coast, USGS scientists are tackling the challenges that a storm of this intensity brings to coastal resources -- from flood-swollen rivers, to saturated hillsides, to vulnerable barrier islands, to altered wildlife habitats.

Biotech Breakthrough? 'Buckyball shards' show promise for chemical separations, Science paper suggests
A new carbon material, resembling bits of buckminsterfullerene or 'buckyball' molecules, suggests a cheaper, lower-energy method for generating enriched oxygen and nitrogen, crucial ingredients for the production of steel and chemicals, and for the preservation of foods and medicines, DuPont and UD scientists report Sept.

Genetic mutation tied to increased prostate cancer risk in African-American and Latino men
African-American and Latino men who carry a simple genetic mutation have a five times greater risk of developing prostate cancer than do men without the mutation.

USGS fire research in the southeast
Wildfires have long played a role in structuring ecosystems and plant communities in the southeastern United States.

Rebuilding the body
Biomaterials with built-in receptors that can interact with human cells at the molecular level could be used as scaffolding to help construct new cartilage and skin, according to Dr Richard France speaking at the British Association's Festival of Science in Sheffield, UK.

Tracks in iron provide an insightful map of microbial world
Reading the narrow bands of iron found in some sedimentary rocks, scientists may have found a way to assess microbial populations across time and space, opening a window to the early history of life on Earth and possibly other planets.

Clemson's Baruch Forest Science Institute tracks forests' recovery from hurricane damage
To look at the natural forests today, you would never know that Hurricane Hugo roared through South Carolina just 10 years ago, said Charles A.

Better diagnosis of pain in children
None of the more than 15 different methods of measuring pain levels in children under four produces a useful, reliable result.

Warner-Lambert Company gift creates bioinformatics program
The University of Michigan will receive $5 million from the Parke Davis Pharmaceutical Research Division of Warner- Lambert Company to help establish a new Program in Bioinformatics.

The end of paternalism in the NHS
Angela Coulter of the King's Fund, guest editor of this week's BMJ, believes that it is time patients were treated like

Wistar scientists find striking similarities between bacterial virus and human adenovirus
Scientists in the Wistar Institute laboratory of Roger Burnett, PhD, working in collaboration with scientists from the Department of Biosciences and Institute of Biotechnology at the University of Helsinki, Finland, have determined that the bacterial virus, PRD1, is strikingly similar, both biologically and architecturally, to adenovirus, a human virus commonly used as a transport system in gene therapy.

Hurricane forecast calls for continuing activity after Floyd
Coastal dwellers could be in for as many storms during the rest of the hurricane season as they've seen so far, if Colorado State University's hurricane forecaster William Gray's predictions for 1999 are on the mark.

A socially responsible car for the new millenium
A socially responsible car that is safe, light-weight and environmentally friendly is being made possible through the development of advanced, high-strength steels and world class design innovation, according to Frank Walker speaking at the British Association Festival of Science in Sheffield,UK.
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