Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 1999
UCSF researchers discover new piece of puzzle in cancer development
UC San Francisco researchers have identified a new variable in the process that causes cells to become cancerous, and the finding, described as

High brain centres teach lower brain to adapt to injury
Researchers at the University of Toronto have discovered that higher brain centres act as

Engineer proposes new building code for quake-stricken Turkey
A structural engineer from Purdue University is proposing an unorthodox approach for simplifying the design of earthquake- resistant buildings in Turkey, which presently has a code that may be too sophisticated for practical use.

Wistar scientist receives Arthritis Foundation award
Wistar scientist, Lisa Spain, PhD, received the 1999 Stewart J.

World leaders, public health officials to meet at third annual conference on HIV/AIDS
World leaders, physicians, economists, government and public health officials, pharmaceutical manufacturers and AIDS activists from around the world will meet here October 11 - 13 to present, debate and discuss the economic, ethical and human rights issues underlying healthcare resource allocation.

Drinking study shows many young men at risk
A survey of 2,776 people in Ontario show that 30 per cent of men under age 45 -- and 25 per cent overall -- place their immediate and long-term health at risk by regularly exceeding daily and weekly drinking guidelines.

New biomarker for cervical cancer
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers are studying the value of a new biomarker for improving cervical cancer screening.

New research method reveals high-density information storage in the brain
Using a new method of infrared-guided laser stimulation, researchers at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry in Munich, Germany have discovered that information can be stored in the brain with very high spatial density on the surface of every single neuron (Science 1 October 1999).

UNC-CH anthropologists return remains, artifacts to Cherokees
Complying with both the golden rule and federal law, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill archaeologists last week returned numerous human remains and prehistoric artifacts unearthed between 1966 and 1985 in the mountains to the Eastern Band of Cherokees, an N.C.

Researchers discover hemoglobin's enzymatic nature
A unique form of hemoglobin found in a parasitic worm binds oxygen 25,000-times more tightly than does human hemoglobin.

Molecular muscle motor found to move backwards
Filaments of actin run through every cell, serving as a kind of railroad along which myosin transports vital materials.

Novel neural net recognizes spoken words better than human listeners
University of Southern California biomedical engineers have created the world's first machine system that can recognize spoken words better than humans can.

Indiana University Cancer Center receives National Cancer Institute designation
The Indiana University Cancer Center has been recognized as a premier national center for the study of cancer and the development of new cancer treatments by the National Cancer Institute.

USGS biologists tracking West Nile-like virus in birds
Wildlife biologists from the U.S. Geological Survey, in partnership with other federal, state and local agencies are studying the newly discovered West Nile-like virus which has been blamed for the deaths of three people in New York City and the deaths of many birds in the city and surrounding areas.

Restoring intimacy: The patient's guide to maintaining relationships during depression
The National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association (National DMDA) offers Restoring Intimacy: The Patient's Guide to Maintaining Relationships During Depression.

New radiation treatment for large tumors
A type of radiation treatment developed at the University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center - and used only at UK - has been found to reduce the size of large, very advanced tumors.

NICHD funded researchers discover gene for Rett syndrome
Researchers at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston and Stanford University have discovered the gene for Rett syndrome, a heartbreaking disorder which gradually robs healthy infant girls of their language, mental functioning, and ability to interact with others.

Who should have heart bypass surgery? New guidelines will help doctors, patients decide together
New guidelines on bypass surgery will help millions of people decide, with their doctors, if the operation will help them live longer and better, or potential complications should lead them to opt for another approach.

Environmental jigsaw pieces fall into place
The climate goal will not be achieved in one generation, but air quality can be improved.

New mouse model could be key to understanding role of folic acid in preventing birth defects
Researchers have created the world's first genetically- engineered mouse model to explain how folic acid protects against human birth defects.

Cedars-Sinai part of study published in Sept. 30 New England Journal of Medicine on laser procedure to relieve severe angina in cardiac patients
This week's issue (Sept. 30) of the New England Journal of Medicine will include a report on Transmyocardial CO2 Laser Revascularization (TMR) - a procedure designed to reduce severe angina in cardiac patients who are unsuitable for angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery.

Genetic engineering changes the behavioral and hormonal response to stress
Investigators from Finland show that mice with genetically altered adrenoceptor expression performed differentially from their similarly treated wild-type controls in a behavioral despair test that is widely used in the development of antidepressant drugs.

'Backbone' of International Space Station to depart NASA's Marshall Center Oct. 5 for Kennedy Space Center
On Oct. 5, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center will send the starboard-side truss -- part of the backbone of the International Space Station -- on the next leg of its long journey into space history.

First brain cancer surgeries using new space-age probe are successful
For the first time, surgeons have used a special lighting technology, developed for space-based commercial plant growth research on NASA's Space Shuttle, in two successful operations to treat brain cancer on Earth.

Gene responsible for cerebral venous abnormalities found
A group of American researchers, led by geneticists at Duke University Medical Center, has found one of the genes known to be responsible for an inherited form of cerebral cavernous malformations, a difficult-to-detect condition that can cause massive brain hemorrhages.

Colorado State University organizes national conference to study carrying capacity of national parks and recreation areas
Experts from across the country will gather in Snowmass, Colo., Nov.

U.S., Mexican scientific societies honor former Penn State professor
Chemistry societies in the U.S. and Mexico join forces this month to honor a former Penn State professor for his landmark work to develop a cheaper way to mass produce the hormone progesterone.

UNC studying new drug against ovarian and endometrial cancers
A clinical trial at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is testing the effectiveness of a new drug for treating cancers of the ovaries and endometrium, the lining of the uterus.

Study: foreign-trained physicians vital to poor, under-served patients
A significant minority of community health centers need foreign-trained physicians on staff to provide care to poor and medically under-served people, according to a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study.

Cigarette smoking cost Medicare program $20.5 billion in 1997, according to UCSF researchers
A study by UC San Francisco researchers reports the total costs of cigarette smoking to the Medicare program amounted to $20.5 billion in 1997.

Treatments reduce strep-triggered symptoms of OCD and tics in some children
Plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin reduced symptoms in children with strep-triggered obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD) and tics.

New alternative medicine center opens at OHSU
The NIH has awarded Oregon Health Sciences University with a $7.8 million grant to fund the Oregon Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Neurological Disorders.

Female-specific genetic factors that contribute to emotional behaviors
Researchers from France and Brazil have identified a region on rat's chromosome 4 containing gene(s) strongly affecting a behavior thought to reflect emotionality or anxiety.

Cleaner air and less acidification among proposals for new environmental goals
Tighten the limit values for particulates and put more effort into reducing acidification and euthrophication.
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