Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 1999
Hutchinson Center to lead $11.5 million ovarian-cancer research consortium
The NIH has selected the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle to lead a five-year, $11.5 million investigation into the causes, prevention, early detection and treatment of ovarian cancer.

Quake control: 'shock absorbers' could minimize damage
A professor of civil engineering at Washington University in St.

Scientists to discuss role of water vapor in Earth's climate system
A conference on water vapor in the atmosphere will be discussed at a conference organized by the American Geophysical Union in Potomac, Maryland, October 12-15.

Carnegie Mellon Research Institute establishes CyberSecurity Center for business, commerce
Carnegie Mellon Research Institute has established

Diabetes therapy may impair memory function in children
Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Washington in Seattle have found evidence of slight memory impairment in children receiving intensive therapy (IT) for insulin-dependent diabetes.

UMass virologist publishes book on "The Real Science Behind 'The X-Files'"
University of Massachusetts virologist Anne Simon has embarked on a seven-city tour to promote her new book,

Scientists uncover possible cause of colitis
In experiments with laboratory mice, a team of American, Canadian and Italian researchers have discovered a cause and potential treatment for painful colitis and other forms of inflammatory bowel disease.

Superheavy element 107 may soon find a place on the chemist's periodic table
Scientists have determined the volatility of bohrium, element 107 -- the heaviest element yet whose chemistry has been successfully investigated.

Local teacher honored with chemistry teaching award
Diane Coley McGann, a teacher at Santa Ana High School in Santa Ana, Calif., will receive the Western Regional High School Chemistry Teaching Award from the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society.

Asthma-linked genes discovered at Berkeley lab
Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have announced the discovery of two genes that contribute to the development of asthma.

Dyslexic children use nearly five times the brain area to perform an ordinary language task as normal children
Dylexic children use nearly five times the brain area as normal children while performing a simple language task, according to a University of Washington study.

UI findings indicate DNA methylation process may lead to oral cancer
Just like a light switch, a process known as cytosine methylation can turn off expression of tumor suppressor genes and lead to oral cancer, according to University of Iowa Health Care research findings.

Survey shows web search engines not meeting user needs
A just-published survey of Web search engine users shows that many of us lack the motivation to use sophisticated search strategies, resist learning the complex systems and rules, and expect Web search engines to create effective searches automatically.

Wake Forest's largest study will examine whether weight control can slow hardening of the arteries in diabetics
A major seven-year national study on whether weight control can slow the advance of heart disease in persons with diabetes will be headquartered at Wake Forest University School of Medicine, under a $40.6 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders.

UCSF researchers unravel mystery of TB infection; findings significant for future development of vaccine
The ability of the tuberculosis microbe to outsmart a healthy immune system and cause disease has long puzzled medical scientists, but now researchers at the University of California, San Francisco have discovered one of the organism's most skillful means of protecting itself.

For early detection of Alzheimer's, loved ones know best
Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is important now that drugs can slow mental decline.

Raise eggs' vitamin D3 content sevenfold by adding more vitamin D to chicken feed
The vitamin D3 content of eggs can be raised sevenfold by tripling the vitamin D in chicken feed, according to a study by Finnish scientists published in the Oct.

Mayo Clinic study is first to scientifically document that bed partners lose an hour of sleep per night due to snoring spouse
A new Mayo Clinic study confirms what many have claimed for years: they're losing ZZZ's sleeping with a partner who snores loudly.

Brookhaven Lab expert helps date flute thought to be oldest playable musical instrument
A Brookhaven researcher worked with colleagues in China to help carbon date what might be the oldest playable musical instrument, a bone flute (sound, photos and B-roll available).

Media advisory: Scientific societies to meet in California
The Western Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy Pacific Conference will be held jointly in Ontario, Calif., October 6-8.

CYP17 gene proves important in determining bone growth, find University of Pittsburgh investigators
Men with a minor gene mutation produce more testosterone and may have stronger, larger bones, according to Joseph Zmuda, University of Pittsburgh researcher, in a presentation delivered Sunday, Oct.

Neighborhoods matter: who gets CPR?
A University of Chicago study of more than 4,000 people who suffered a cardiac arrest found that the likelihood of having bystanders perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with two neighborhood characteristics: the frequency of cardiac arrests and the racial mix of the neighborhood.

Presidential Award honors science, mathematics and engineering mentors
Ten individuals and five institutions are receiving the 1999 Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring.

Electronic theses, dissertation project spreading internationally
The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations has been growing steadily in the United States, since it was launched by Virginia Tech in 1996.

Testosterone, stress may not suppress immune system after all
A biologist at Washington University in St. Louis is suggesting a completely different role for testosterone -- the hormone that made John Wayne and John Travolta famous.

Speed of light may not be constant, physicist suggests
A U of T professor believes that one of the most sacrosanct rules of 20th-century science -- that the speed of light has always been the same -- is wrong.

Ability to absorb calcium may slow rate of bone loss, find University of Pittsburgh researchers
Age-related declines in the amount of calcium absorbed by the body contribute to bone loss among older men, according to Randi L.
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