Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 1999
Women addicted to crack cocaine need many support services
Federal welfare-to-work programs need to provide an array of support services to women crack cocaine addicts in troubled neighborhoods if these women are expected to succeed, says a Penn State researcher.

University of Michigan study finds patients and physicians encourage e-mail use
Although 40 percent of patients in a new University of Michigan study regularly use e-mail, only 14 percent of them have used it to communicate with their doctors.

Gamma-ray bursts to take center stage at international meeting
More than 200 astronomers will gather to talk about gamma-ray bursts, one of the most mysterious phenomena in the universe.

Tiny proteins may unleash big victories over cancer through new $10 million U-M tumor research effort
Tiny proteins produced by cancer cells may someday help doctors find tumors earlier, determine quickly how malignant they are and target them with customized therapies.

New 'real time' MRI stress test pictures heart in motion
A new type of stress test may soon offer doctors a safer and easier way to diagnose heart disease, researchers report today in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Scientist show how viruses co-opt cell defenses to cause chronic infections likethose from HIV and Hepatitis B and C
Scientists at the University of California, San Francisco and the UCSF-affiliated San Francisco General Medical Center have developed a model to study at the cellular level how viruses like HIV and Hepatitis B and C evade and co-opt the defense strategies of the cells they invade to cause chronic infections.

Günter Blobel wins 1999 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine
Günter Blobel, an HHMI investigator at The Rockefeller University, has won the 1999 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Seasons may change heart attack risk
Deaths from heart attacks appear to be seasonal, peaking during the winter holiday season of December and January and then falling, researchers report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Advanced light source uncovers new clues to high-temperature superconductivity
Researchers from Stanford University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have gathered surprising information about the electronic structure of the

NIH grantee Günter Blobel wins Nobel Prize for protein signaling discovery
Dr. Günter Blobel, a long-time NIH grantee, is the recipient of the 1999 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his work on protein signaling in the cell.

Young children who are in regular contact with farm animals are less likely to develop allergies later in life
Regular contact during childhood with farm animals could provide lasting protection against allergic illnesses, according to the authors of a broad-ranging study conducted in Austria on 2283 children aged between 8 and 10.

Jefferson scientists show drug is effective against a Hepatitis C Virus model in the laboratory
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College may have found a promising drug against hepatitis C virus.

New database on HIV/AIDS to focus on real-world treatment outcomes
A new HIV/AIDS database being developed at UC San Francisco is designed to serve as a centralized location for real-world treatment outcomes and as a resource for the international medical community in treating HIV disease.

Global prevention, funding and accountability debated in fight against HIV/AIDS
At the Third International Conference on Healthcare Resource Allocation for HIV/AIDS and Other Life-Threatening Illnesses in Vienna, October 11 - 13, world leaders, physicians, economists, governmental health organizations, and pharmaceutical manufacturers will discuss the economic, ethical, and human rights issues underlying healthcare resource allocation.

Doppler ultrasound can reduce hospital stays
When used during major surgery to continually monitor and guide the administration of fluids during procedures, Doppler ultrasound can shorten hospital stays and allow patients to begin eating solid food sooner, researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found.

Brain releases marijuana-like substance in response to pain, study finds
Brown University researchers recently documented the release of the naturally produced cannabinoid, anandamide, in response to pain in anesthetized animal models.
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