Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 12, 1999
UT Southwestern researchers discover structure of molecule that repairs sun and cigarette damage
The crystal structure of an enzyme that hunts down DNA damage caused by sunlight and cigarettes then snaps it up like a Venus' flytrap is described in today's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Fully endoscopic micro-surgery puts a former Jr. Olympic athlete back on the marathon trail
Thanks to state-of-the-art technology and some of the most advanced capabilities in the United States, brain surgery to remove pituitary tumors is now being done fully endoscopically and with outstanding results.

Wake Forest to coordinate huge national study to prevent cardiovascular disease in diabetes
Wake Forest University School of Medicine has been selected as the national coordinating center for a major study aimed at preventing cardiovascular disease in diabetes.

Hillary Clinton's popularity is independent of her husband's
Hillary Rodham Clinton's popularity among the American public is nearly completely independent of her husband's approval rating, a new study suggests.

Cancer treatment may cause learning problems in children
Children with leukemia who undergo a particular form of chemotherapy run the risk of learning problems later in life, new research suggests.

MRI breakthroughs could lead to new tests for heart disease
Researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center are the first in the world to report success using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to view the heart during vigorous beating and to diagnose blocked arteries based on an abnormal pumping motion.

Mothers of chronically ill children often face depression
Mothers with chronically ill children frequently express dissatisfaction with their role as a parent and often display severe symptoms of depression, new research reveals.

U-M professor emeritus wins 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics
Martinus J.G. Veltman, Professor Emeritus at the University of Michigan, has been awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in physics.

Genetic on-off switch found at Purdue could turn on gene therapy
A Purdue University researcher studying genetic on-off switches in yeast found a system that could be useful in human gene therapy.

UF researchers show magnetic stimulation may be a safe alternative to shock therapy
An experimental therapy that uses magnetic stimulation to treat severe depression could prove to be a viable option for patients who otherwise would resort to electric shock therapy, University of Florida researchers report.

Results of NUVANCE phase I/II asthma trial presented
Once-a-week inhaled treatment helped stabilize lung function and was generally well tolerated.

Elderly less likely than other adults to have economic problems
American adults generally experience less economic difficulties as they get older, even after they retire.

New design will help cool microelectronics more efficiently
Ohio State researchers have developed a heat sink, or cooling system, that is more efficient than current designs.

Americans expect to live a year longer than statistics suggest
Americans estimate they will live about one year longer than statistics of life expectancy suggest they will.

Green tea shows antioxidant benefits in human plasma
Substances in green tea known as catechins can increase the antioxidant capacity of human plasma, which could help reduce cardiovascular disease risk, according to work published by Japanese researchers in the October issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Duke study: The heavier the mom at delivery, the more likely baby will be delivered by cesarian section
The more obese a pregnant woman is at the time of delivery, the more likely she will deliver her baby by Cesarean section, according to a study by obstetric anesthesiologists at Duke University Medical Center.

Tobacco industry influence and income on decline in California
A series of political defeats, declines in campaign contributions and a recent falloff in revenue appear to signal an erosion of tobacco industry influence in California, even though the industry remains a major political force in the state, according to a new report from the University of California, San Francisco.

Physics Nobel Prize: Supplementary information
Contacts and background materials for 1999 Physics Nobel Prize.

With support for the EPA, biologists go out on a genetic limb to help stem migratory songbird declines
Research by San Francisco State University biologists shows that a new genetic marking technique may replace traditional bird-banding surveys as the most effective method for assessing declines of migratory songbirds, which are important environmental indicator species.

DOE establishes test bed for storage-intensive applications
The Deparment of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center are tackling the data storage challenge with Probe, a newly established test bed for storage-intensive applications.

Osteoporosis drug rapidly reduces risk of bone fractures: one year of treatmentsignificantly decreases occurence of spinal fractures
Based on recent findings from the largest osteoporosis study to date, researchers at UC San Francisco are calling an investigational drug for postmenopausal women an excellent new weapon in the fight against osteoporosis.

Institute publishes "Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment"
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has published the first- ever, science-based guide to drug addiction treatment.

Baby walkers may impede child development
Although many parents use baby walkers as a way to give their infants exercise and experience moving about, new research shows that these infants are slower than others to sit upright, crawl, and walk.

Protein Power: 'Salt cloud' concept shows promise for developing new drugs and foods faster, at lower cost
Tucked inside an electrically charged

Coal-derived fuel burns cleaner
The chemical that replaced fluoro-chloro carbons in spray cans may also serve as a replacement utility fuel and may even substitute for diesel fuel in the future, according to Penn State researchers. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to