Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 1999
Abstemious mice offer hint at molecular target for treating alcoholism
UC San Francisco researchers have identified an enzyme that could prove to be a target for reducing the craving for, and excessive use of, alcohol - a hallmark of alcoholism.

Prestigious new nutrition research center being established at UNC-CH with NIH funding
To help reduce the staggering toll of unnecessary illness and premature death associated with chronic disease and to understand better the links between such diseases and nutrition, the National Institutes of Health has selected the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as home of the nation's newest Clinical Nutrition Research Unit.

Mayo Clinic study highlights importance of autopsy in Parkinson's disease diagnosis and research
A Mayo Clinic study, published in the October 12 issue of Neurology, cautions that low autopsy rates and nonrandom autopsy patterns for parkinsonism could call into question the validity of parkinsonism research.

Yale receives $10 million to study tobacco use: Research grant comes from three national organizations
Yale Medical School has received a $10 million center grant to study why some smokers are resistant to current smoking cessation treatments.

Watson solves mystery of searching information on the Web
Researchers at Northwestern University's Intelligent Information Laboratory have developed a smart personal information management system called Watson that turns a personal computer into a research librarian that collects relevant information, such as Web sites, photos and graphics, from the Internet to aid the PC user in his/her writing project.

New NIAMS grant targets osteoporosis in men
Osteoporosis, the major bone-weakening and fracture-causing disease which has long been studied in women, will now undergo major scrutiny in men with the award of a seven- center, $23.8 million grant by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS).

New high performance network applications program awards grants to IU researchers
A new high-performance network applications program at Indiana University is supporting research that will enable remote astronomical observation and collaborative musical

USC receives $12.8 million to study teen smoking
USC center will study tobacco use among teens.

Cedars-Sinai Medical tip sheet for Oct. 14
Medical Tip Sheet for Oct. 14 includes the following tips: 1.

Issues surrounding genetic medicine and the Jewish population to be explored at conference
A free community conference focusing on

World's largest scientific society to meet in Knoxville
The Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society will be held in Knoxville, Tenn., October 17 - 20.

New tests for blood clots, lung cancer use NIDCR patented technology
A new generation of diagnostic tests for life-threatening blood clots and malignant lung masses were created with the help of a technology patented by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.

Threats to health reduced with Bt corn hybrids
The recent approval and commercial release of genetically modified, insect-resistant corn hybrids (Bt corn) represents the culmination of decades of research.

AEDs user-friendly -- even for children
Sixth-grade school children with moderate training can learn to use automated external defibrillators (AEDs) to save the lives of cardiac arrest victims almost as quickly and efficiently as professional emergency medical personnel, researchers report today in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Federal institutes and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation create Tobacco Use Research Centers
Seven universities have been awarded grants totaling $14.5 million by the National Cancer Institute and the National Institute on Drug Abuse to create the Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Centers to study tobacco use, new ways to combat it, and its consequences.

Wake Forest scientists clone gene for inherited kidney stone disease
Scientists at Wake Forest University School of Medicine report that they have cloned the gene responsible for an inherited form of kidney stone disease, which may open the way to new treatments.

After three decades of study, gamma-ray bursts still mystify
Over the last three decades, gamma-ray bursts have been one of the most mysterious phenomena in astrophysics.

Pathway may provide target for treating chronic pain
Researchers have found that cells in the spinal cord can transmit sensations of pain through a network of cellular receptors not previously associated with pain.

Changing children's diets today could reduce bone problems 70 years from now
A nutrition intervention program at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia uses a combination of health education, sophisticated measuring devices and structured rewards to help children increase their consumption of calcium now, and lower their risks in later life of suffering osteoporosis.
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