Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 18, 1999
Scientists develop assay for heart disease risk
With the number of genes implicated in heart disease steadily increasing, scientists hoping to understand the genetic basis of the illness must find a way to manage this growing menagerie.

A 'Juliet' is found for the rare lemur Romeo
A Duke University Primate Center expedition to rescue a rare species of lemurs from a dwindling forest in the depths of Madagascar has captured two of the animals, a male and a female.

Study reveals many dental patients don't realize they have major medical conditions
Patients referred to periodontists often have no idea they have undiagnosed and uncontrolled health problems, some of which can affect their oral health and dental treatment, according to a study published in the Journal of Periodontology.

Smokers have lower success rates with periodontal treatment
Not only are smokers more likely to develop periodontal disease and have more severe cases of the disease than nonsmokers are, they are also more susceptible to treatment failure.

Physicians who compassionately ask about domestic violence can elicit positiveoutcomes, UCSF study shows
Physicians who compassionately ask patients if they are being physically abused can provide the first step in helping battered victims get the help they need, according to a UC San Francisco study.

'HARP MRI' provides faster, clear heart pictures
Engineers at Johns Hopkins have developed a system that can give doctors much clearer, more detailed images of heart damage in minutes.

Story tips from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Energy -- a cool concept. Instrumentation -- sensor in a drum.

Search and support for the rare white abalone is on; sex must occur with close neighbors
A single white abalone female named Abigail, kept alive at the University of California, Santa Barbara, is the only one of her kind in captivity -- and she needs a male sexual partner.

New paleontology research from Natural History Museum of L.A. at international conference
A team of paleontologists from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County will announce new scientific discoveries at the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology conference.

CWRU medical school announces $300 million campaign
Case Western Reserve University's School of Medicine has announced the largest fund-raising campaign in its history.

Body fat: Do your genes fit?
In many populations, such as the Inuit of Canada, changes in lifestyle have inflated waistlines within the span of a few generations.

Yale study shows way to re-stimulate brain cell growth: Results could boost understanding of Alzheimer's, other brain disorders
Yale scientists have discovered that the growth of brain cells, which normally ends in adolescence, can be re- stimulated in mature neurons with a molecular mechanism known as Notch signaling.

Satellite data on ocean topography provides clues to hurricane intensity
Using data from remote sensing satellites, researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder are investigating a key factor that can be used in predicting the extent of a hurricane's fury.

UNC-CH political science studies show how Edwards beat Faircloth
A strong coordinated state party campaign, as well as more than $2 million in campaign spending by national Democratic committees, contributed to the 1998 victory of U.S.

Argonne biochips may halt tuberculosis epidemic
A new biochip technology developed by Russian and American scientists may help stem the global resurgence of tuberculosis.

Cocaine acts on central nervous system, causing vessel constriction, rapid heartbeat
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers are a step closer to understanding how cocaine triggers heart attacks and other cardiovascular emergencies.

International study provides important benchmark for countries still using leaded gasoline
A study by Princeton University researchers demonstrates, for the first time, that it is possible to predict the extent to which switching from leaded to unleaded gasoline reduces the level of lead in people's blood.

Duke team seeks novel vaccine strategy for HIV
Researchers have noticed a curious phenomenon in sub-Saharan Africa: many female prostitutes who come in contact with men infected with HIV do not themselves become ill.

Why don't doctors follow directions? Lack of information, confidence, time & readiness to change, says new study
A surprising percentage of doctors are not following national guidelines that could help them treat patients better because they don't have enough information, time, or readiness to change - or enough confidence in their ability to do everything the guidelines recommend, says a new study.

U.S. teens stressed-out, but not by academic pressures
Two-thirds of the U.S. teens and young adults studied say they feel stressed at least once a week, and one-third say they're stressed every day.

Nanomolecular 'smart bombs' seek and destroy cancer cells
University of Michigan scientists will receive $4.4 million from the National Cancer Institute to develop an innovative approach to cancer treatment ---nanomolecular

On the floor of the sea: USGS biologists search for rare, white abalone
Next week, a determined group of university, government and private biologists is setting out in a two-person submersible to cruise the ocean floor in search of the rare marine snail.

Local teacher honored with Chemistry Teaching Award
Esther H. Freeman, chemistry teacher at Tabb High School in Yorktown, Va., has received the Southeast Regional High School Chemistry Teaching Award from the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.
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