Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 1999
Clemson University Genomics Institute awarded $5.1 million by USDA and NSF
The Clemson University Genomics Institute (CUGI) is leading one of two American teams in an international effort to identify all the genetic components of rice.

CU study of ice-age sediment cores hint climate change on Earth could be extreme
An analysis of sediments from the subtropical Atlantic Ocean deposited during Earth's last glacial period indicate sudden temperature fluctuations were as large as those seen in the warming at the end of the last ice age, raising concerns about future climate change.

Of vasectomies, vitamins and prostate-cancer risk: Hutchinson Center study examines the links
For men concerned about prostate-cancer risk, here's some good news from researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle: * Vasectomy does not increase a man's risk of prostate cancer, contrary to several earlier studies that have suggested a link; and * Dietary supplementation with zinc, vitamin C or vitamin E may significantly reduce the risk of the disease.

Purdue receives $6 million to study West Nile virus family
Structural biologists at Purdue University have received a $6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study a family of viruses that includes the West Nile-like virus that has caused numerous illnesses and at least five deaths in the New York

Creating racial harmony on campus
Colleges and universities recognize that diversity is a desirable goal and an integral component of offering a higher quality education, but they are finding that diversity comes with a price.

Mayo Clinic study shows increased incidence of migraine headaches
A new Mayo Clinic study shows the incidence of migraine headaches in women increased 56 percent during the 1980s while the incidence of migraine headaches in men increased 34 percent during the same period.

Severe poverty sways psychiatric patients toward violence
Poverty and its accompanying stresses and dangers are important factors influencing people with psychiatric disorders toward violence, researchers say.

Sleep debt affects metabolic functions
Chronic sleep loss can have a detrimental effect on metabolic functions, new research shows.

The tale of finding the oldest known dinosaurs
A young man named Mena, from the island of Madagascar, lead researchers to their blockbuster finding of the oldest known dinosaurs -- and the beautifully preserved mammal relatives that accompanied them -- described in October 22 Science.

Strain makes for stronger engineered tissues
Research by a University of Michigan team suggests ways of enhancing the mechanical properties of engineered tissues.

'Landmark' study shows early education efforts can still be seen in young adulthood
Spanning more than two decades, a landmark study that provided high-quality child care to children almost from birth until kindergarten shows the positive effects of such preschool educational interventions last at least until age 21.

Yale cancer center study underscores fears of discrimination over genetic testing
Fears of genetic discrimination in insurance and employment are widepsread among experienced cancer genetic counselors.

Dodging pitfalls in the hunt for the cause of gamma-ray bursts
At the GRB conference in Huntsville, Alabama this week, scientists discuss how to avoid making mistakes while searching for the solution to a big astrophysical mystery - What causes gamma-ray bursts?

Discovery of oldest dinosaur bones reported in Science
A team of paleontologists has discovered jaws from two of the oldest dinosaurs ever discovered, and the remains of eight other prehistoric animals, in a rich bed of fossils in Madagascar, providing a 'time capsule' from the earliest days of dinosaurs and mammals and illuminating scientific understanding of the mid-late Triassic Period.

Errant nerve cells risk a clockwork death
HHMI researchers have discovered a new fail-safe mechanism that ensures proper wiring of the nervous system.

USGS moves to fortify civil defense against hurricane in Puerto Rico
Due to an unprecedented decision by the U.S.Geological Survey (USGS) representative in Puerto Rico, two USGS employees in Guaynabo have actually moved to the city's civil defense facility and will remain there until the latest in a series of hurricanes (Jose) no longer appears to threaten the lives and property of the residents of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

New medication effective against muscle disorder
A new medication offers patients relief from a painful and often debilitating muscle disorder of the neck and shoulders called cervical dystonia. this new type of botulinum toxin -- a medication frequently used to relieve muscle disorders -- is safe and effective in most cervical dystonia patients, including those who have become resistant to other medications.

According to Clemson Master's thesis
A Master's degree candidate at Clemson University spent approximately 500 hours researching video poker gambling in South Carolina.

Segregated cities mean higher death rates
Living in cities with high levels of racial segregation is linked to higher death rates for whites as well as Blacks.
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