Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 31, 1999
Noveau neurons are better than no neurons at all
An artificial neuron built by researchers at U.C. San Diego may be the first step toward restoring brain function in patients suffering from stroke, Alzheimer's and other neurological dysfunction.

1999 American Heart Association 72nd Scientific Sessions kit memo
We look forward to seeing you in Atlanta. Here is some logistical information about the meeting.

Disabled by depression - study analyzes costs, causes
Research is increasingly focusing on mental illness in the workplace.

Acoustical technology developed at CU-Boulder helps make clean water
A new University of Colorado at Boulder technology that uses an acoustical device similar to a medical ultrasound probe is providing a promising new technique to inspect the fouling of thin membranes used to purify drinking water.

AGU names new journalism award for David Perlman
A new AGU journalism award, named for David Perlman, will recognize outstanding science news stories written under deadline pressure.

NRC spin-off develops rapid sensors
IatroQuest Corporation, an Ottawa company spun off from the National Research Council (NRC), has made significant advances in developing rapid sensing and diagnostic systems for the detection and identification of chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents.

Depression linked to death among heart failure patients
Depressed mood is significantly related to increased mortality risk among people with congestive heart failure, say the results of a new study conducted in a Norwegian hospital outpatient cardiology practice.

'Shared Space' allows users to meld virtual reality, real world
Researchers in the University of Washington's Human Interface Technology Laboratory (HIT Lab) have developed technology that allows people to straddle virtual and real worlds, gaining the benefits of virtual reality while functioning in the real world.

Twins
The most unlikely pair of twins since Danny DeVito and Arnold Schwarzenegger just might be the daughter cells of the tiny Caulobacter crescentus bacterium.

Can you hear what the neural net hears?
Biomedical engineers at the University of Southern California have created the world's first machine system that can recognize spoken words better than humans can.

Materials World - November stories
Materials World is the journal of The Institute of Materials based in London, UK.

New drug relieves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in females
A Mayo Clinic-led study found that a new drug called alosetron (ah-loss'-e-tron) improves pain relief and bowel function in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

UI study shows classification system for evaluating childhood hip disease may be unreliable
A recent University of Iowa Health Care study is calling into question the reliability of a classification system that orthopaedic surgeons use to help them evaluate treatment outcomes in children with a hip condition known as Legg- Calve-Perthes Disease.

Chemotherapy plus radiation therapy for head and neck cancer increases survival rates of some patients
Adding weekly chemotherapy to radiation therapy significantly increases survival rates of patients with advanced head and neck cancer, a new University of Maryland Medical Center study indicates.

Estrogen-driven gene activates human pituitary tumors, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center researchers find
Estrogen stimulates a newly discovered oncogene in the pituitary gland, setting the stage for cell proliferation, a team of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center researchers report in today's issue of the eminent scientific journal Nature Medicine.

A growth factor reverses nerve damage in diabetic animals
Long-term nerve damage in rats with diabetes can be reversed by treatment with an insulin-like protein.

ORNL helping industry establish value of cool roofs
Light-colored roofs that reflect the sun's heat can save consumers money, and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is working with the roofing industry to predict the amount of savings and establish standards to help consumers compare materials.

Studies of growth hormone result in new class of drugs
Studies at Ohio University of growth hormone and its role in diabetes, acromegaly, cancer and other health problems have resulted in the discovery of protein antagonists that have been used to develop a new class of drugs for the treatment of these and other diseases.

Internet is transforming residential real estate industry
Realtors' tight control over residential real estate sales have been weakened by the posting of houses for sale on the Internet but the average home buyer or seller probably still needs an agent as a guide and hand-holder to get through the sale process, according to a Penn State researcher.

Female medical students more patient-centered
Female medical students are more patient-centered than their male counterparts, according to a recent study of first-year students at the Boston University School of Medicine.

Microwaving metals with powdered perfection
Everyday metallic objects can now be made stronger, harder and longer-lasting thanks to a new process being developed by a research team at Pennsylvania State University, USA.

Time-released capsule delivers 'growth factor' to improve coronary bypass surgery
A type of therapy that helps new blood vessels grow could offer an alternative for heart patients who are not good candidates for bypass surgery.

A sticky gel that could have held the London Eye
The engineers in charge of hoisting the London Eye into position could have prevented the cable joints from failing by using a new sticky gel that uses the frictional properties of materials to bond the two components together, claim researchers.

Harbor Branch to receive $2.1 million of a $4.9 million multi-institutional grant to discover new natural product leads for cancer chemotherapy
The University of Minnesota, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Oregon State University, University of California-Santa Cruz and Novartis have been awarded a 4 1/2 year, $4.9 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to discover and develop novel anticancer agents using genetic material from marine microorganisms.

UNC-CH scientist encourages all to watch PBS series on microbes
Microbes -- those tiny miracle workers that created and sustain all life on Earth -- will be the subject of a four- part television series focusing exclusively on the microbial world and how it affects life on Earth.

Director of AIDS Research Center to give Wistar Institute's 1999 Jonathan Lax Memorial Lecture
Bruce Walker, MD, Director of the Partners AIDS Research Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, will present the 1999 Jonathan Lax Memorial Lecture at The Wistar Institute in Philadelphia on November 17, 1999.

Head to head, no proof major airlines are safer, says air safety expert
Safety records of air carriers flying the same nonstop routes are so similar that flyers cannot expect to improve their odds by choosing some carriers over others, says an MIT air safety expert at a convention of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMSĀ®) on November 7.
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