Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 01, 1999
Challenges of welfare reform
A new study about a population whose needs have been overlooked by welfare reform: those with mental health problems and those who suffer form drug dependence.

Yale research team first to describe molecular-sized memory
Computer storage capacity can be vastly increased using a molecular memory based on a single molecule, a research team from Yale and Rice Universities has discovered.

Annals Of Internal Medicine - tip sheet for November 2, 1999
1) Eradicating H. Pylori Reversed Iron Defiency Anemia in a Study of 30 Patients; 2) Elderly Heart Attack Patients Are Not Getting Early Beta-Blockers; 3) Treating All Type 2 Diabetic Patients with ACE Inhibitors Improves Quality of Life; 4) Blood Drawn from a Long-Term, Indwelling Catheter is Clinically Useful.

Southeast appears to have a unique type of Lyme disease
The Southeast appears to have its own version of the tick- borne ailment Lyme disease that is not detectable by most standard tests, according to Georgia researchers.

Stereotypes of aging may have significant effect on gaits of older persons
Positive words picked up the walking pace of older persons, according to a Boston study that blames a pessimistic outlook on aging for the slower treads typical of many older people.

Taking a ringside seat for a gamma-ray burst
Supercomputers are giving scientists a ringside seat for one of the most violent events in nature, the heart of a gamma ray burst.

Living-donor kidney transplants now being done laparoscopically
Kidney transplant surgeons at Mayo Clinic Rochester are now using laparoscopic techniques (so-called keyhole surgery) for living-donor kidney transplants

Reducing methane emissions could lower overall abatement costs
Achieving a reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions that is large enough to mitigate the effects of global warming can be a daunting task.

Personal story aims to improve 'connections' between hard of hearing and the hearing world
Barbara Stenross' understanding of what it means to be hard of hearing in a hearing world has come full circle: Her father lost his hearing during World War II and retreated into a silence she only later recognized as his way of dealing with hearing loss.

Coordination of knowledge among organizations changing radically
Today's new information technologies are not only changing the way people work, they also are

Vitamin A compound may help protect younger women against breast and ovarian cancers
Research by an international team of Italian and American scientists could pave the way for a new drug to prevent breast and ovarian cancers.

University of Cincinnati engineers find new way to spot cracks in aging aircraft
Researchers in the University of Cincinnati College of Engineering will describe a method for detecting microscopic cracks in critical aircraft parts Tuesday, Nov.

Traumatic brain injury hastens onset of Alzheimer's disease
Does a traumatic brain injury (TBI) increase the risk of someone getting Alzheimer's Disease later in life?

Key developmental genes identified, linked to rare syndrome
Researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital have identified two genes that are crucial to a key step in embryonic development and also have shown that the human version of one of these genes may be associated with a rare immune deficiency condition called ICF syndrome.

HIV prevention program targets young gay men through social networks and peer support for safe sex
An HIV prevention program that focuses on young gay men educating and supporting one another about safer sex has proved very effective in a major study in two West Coast communities.

Fast and efficient algorithms handle nearly 10 million unknowns
By developing faster algorithms, researchers at the University of Illinois have again pushed the envelope on the analysis of electromagnetic scattering, interaction and radiation phenomena.

Hostility, coercion, sexism among causes of harassment in military
Results of the U.S. military's 1995 survey of sexual harassment in its ranks were frightening - 78 percent of women reported at least one of nine kinds of incidents.

Finding suggests a common childhood leukemia may form in the womb
Researchers led by a scientist who joined the UC San Francisco faculty last week are reporting that a genetic mutation implicated in a common form of childhood leukemia appears to occur in the womb.

UC researchers use Doppler ultrasound
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have developed a method to detect early signs of atherosclerosis using Doppler ultrasound.

Despite the best available anti-aids drugs, Jefferson scientists detect active HIV in the bloodstream
The best AIDS drugs are still not quite good enough.

Connecting to the ultrasmall is a challenge
Push a number on a cell phone and the signal travels to a chip some five orders of magnitude smaller than the button.

UVic creates research chair on drinking water ecology
The University of Victoria has established Canada's first university-based research chair on the environmental management of drinking water.

Consume less trans fat, more vitamin B6 and B12, studies suggest
The pastries, pizza, potato chips, french fries, margarine, cookies, crackers and bread that Americans consume by the millions of tons contain trans fat (hydrogenated oils).

Research challenges conventional thinking on ways to treat prostate cancer
For decades, physicians have known that male hormones fuel prostate cancer growth.

UK scientists reveal US hurricane strikes for year 2000
Three tropical storms and one hurricane are expected to strike US shores between June and November 2000, a team of UK scientists said today.

Duke study: Poured sand sifts, but showered sand doesn't
Researchers at Duke University have shown in careful experiments that not all sandpiles are the same.

Chromosome changes predict more deadly prostate tumors
Mayo Clinic researchers report that the presence of certain changes in chromosome 8 in men with advanced prostate cancer predict a more deadly tumor type.

Science, technology, and the future: Panel discussion to be held November 1, 1999
The future of science and technology will take center stage during a special forum on Monday, November 1, 1999 at the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Growing new blood vessels with a timed-release capsule of growth factor is a promising treatment for heart bypass patients, finds NHLBI study
Heart bypass patients treated with a timed-release capsule of a substance that promotes the growth of new blood vessels showed evidence of improved blood supply and heart function, according to a study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Scientists measure temperatures in microscopic gas bubbles
When liquids are irradiated with ultrasound, miniature bubbles are formed and compressed.

Anti-HIV treatment improves immune system and fights sight-threatening eye infection
A combination of anti-HIV drugs appears to help rejuvenate the immune systems of people with AIDS and prevent progression of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, a potentially blinding AIDS-related eye complication.
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