Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 14, 1999
Argonne, IBM, VA Linux team for testbed
Argonne National Laboratory, IBM and VA Linux have teamed to develop

Physician writes 'Insider's Guide' for managing Type-I diabetes
Drawing on his professional, as well as his personal experience, a University of Maryland School of Medicine physician has written the first set of comprehensive, concise and practical guidelines for primary care doctors to help their patients with Type I diabetes to prevent complications.

Parents can impact their children's attitudes toward violence
Parents' attitude toward fighting has greater impact on their children's aggressive behaviors than any other family factor, a new survey of 8,865 Texas middle school students finds.

Illness severity, not age, predicts death in older sick people
Age plays only a small role in the risk of short-term death among seriously ill people, according to researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.

New study shows gamma tocopherol may boost risk of knee osteoarthritis
A component of vitamin E known as gamma tocopherol may somehow contribute to arthritis, a unique new study of vitamin E and the painful degenerative illness suggests.

Taking a SNP in the gene pool: Scientists harvest human gene differences
Scientists are eagerly cataloging human gene variations known as single nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPs, in the hopes of understanding how differences in our genes lead to differences in us.

Chewing tobacco hampers ability to perform complex tasks
The nicotine in smokeless tobacco reduces an individual's ability to perform complex tasks that require hand and body movements to adjust to new visual feedback, according to new research.

Hominoid genes meet on middle ground
Evolution loves a fluid genome. Chromosomes that copy, shift, and mutate their genes provide the fuel for evolutionary change.

Better "bugs" lead to cheaper ethanol from biomass
Continued advances in genetic engineering are at the heart of two agreements that could further bring down the cost of making ethanol from biomass and boost the U.S. biofuels industry.

U.S., British scientific societies honor penicillin as International Chemical Landmark
The development of penicillin, one of the 20th century's greatest lifesavers, will be honored as an International Historic Chemical Landmark at 11 a.m.

Heartburn causes 'heartache' for Europeans
Up to 40 percent of Europeans suffer from burning chest pain and an 'acid taste', according to a recent survey of more than 5,000 people questioned from the general population.

Depressive symptoms no bar to quitting smoking
New research findings show better than expected prospects for persons who want to quit or cut down smoking but believe their history of depression will hinder or prevent them.

MIT's plasmatron for cutting car pollutants is significant step closer to road tests
An MIT device that could drastically cut smog-producing emissions from cars and other vehicles is a significant step closer to moving from the lab to the road.

Alexion's 5G1.1 drug reduces clinical signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in completed trial
Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. reports that rheumatoid arthritis patients who receive a single dose of its anti- inflammatory complement inhibitor 5G1.1 showed a significant reduction in the signs and symptoms of the often-painful joint condition as compared to placebo-treated patients in a completed phase I/II clinical trial.

Arctic sea ice shows 'striking' decline since 1960s
Arctic sea ice has declined by an average of 4.3 feet (1.3 meters) since the 1960s, according to scientists studying data accumulated by submarines cruising under the ice pack.

New explanation of solar eruptions ignites debate
At a meeting in Seattle this week, researchers at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. will present a controversial new explanation for the origin of the violent solar eruptions which can trigger cell-phone disruptions and power outages here on Earth.

Novel imaging technique can help predict second heart attack
A new imaging technique predicts the risk of a second heart attack or death among coronary patients better and sooner than the widely used exercise stress test, according to a study in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Conference stresses 'hidden dangers' of windstorms
Mention the nation's most damaging natural disasters and most people think of earthquakes and floods.

New study finds no clear evidence of benefits in ongoing debate about name-reporting of HIV infection
In one of the largest studies to date, a team of AIDS researchers concludes that name-based reporting programs for HIV infection are not producing specific public health benefits in the effort to control the AIDS epidemic.

'Bioavailability' is the real test for DDT hazard
The currently used tests for old DDT and other organic pollutants in the soil may overestimate the risk to living organisms, according to Cornell University researchers who say the real issue for government regulators at toxic cleanup sites should be

Computer-based decision support systems improve diagnostic reasoning of clinicians, finds University of Pittsburgh-led study
Two computer-based decision support systems can improve the diagnostic reasoning of clinicians evaluating difficult patient cases, according to a University of Pittsburgh-led study whose results are reported in the Nov.

New auto device cuts pollution
At a physics meeting this week, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) scientists have reported advances in a prototype device that they say could significantly reduce pollution in cars and trucks while being fully compatible with present engine technology.

NYU Medical Center launches large screening study of lung cancer in women
NYU Medical Center launched a large-scale study that will determine the effectiveness of combining CT scans and gene markers as screening tools for detecting early-stage lung cancer in women who are longtime smokers.

South Bronx adolescents don't feel safe at home
Almost half (46 percent) of the young people in the South Bronx say they don't feel safe in the building where they live, new research shows.
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