Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 1999
Scientific societies honor creation of the Mexican steroid hormone industry
Chemistry societies in the United States and Mexico will designate the creation of the Mexican steroid industry an International Historic Chemical Landmark in a ceremony Dec.

Orphan drug funds to be used in testing new treatment for a rare but deadly form of stroke
Johns Hopkins scientists, using funds from a Food and Drug Administration Orphan Drug Award, will test a new way of treating intracerebral hemorrhage with intraventricular extension, a disorder that often hits younger people and African-Americans.

Human plague cases increasing in Southwest
Biologists at the National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site in Sevilleta, New Mexico, have found that human plague cases in New Mexico occurred more frequently after wetter than average winter- spring time periods.

World's most sophisticated electronic classroom
Researchers from the McGill Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Centre for Intelligent Machines have developed a control system for classrooms that

Genetic information of world's most radiation-resistant organism decoded
US DOE-funded researchers at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) describe the complete genetic sequence of the bacteria Deinococcus radiodurans.

Maternal factors may not be the key to birth weight association with cardiovascular disease
Two studies in this week's BMJ conclude that the function of the placenta may be more important than maternal factors -- such as diet and smoking -- in determining fetal development and the risk of cardiovascular disease in later life.

UCSF named one of nine centers for NIH study on treatment for knee osteoarthritis
The University of California, San Francisco is one of nine centers selected for a nationwide clinical study on the effectiveness of two natural substances in treating osteoarthritis of the knee.

USGS helps officials to avoid unnecessary evacuation
Hurricane Lenny brought high winds and heavy rains ,residents in the vicinity of Lago La Plata were spared the hazards of an unnecessary evacuation Wednesday morning, because of the efforts of U.S.

Report highlights need for more behavioral and social science research training at NIH
Behavioral and social factors are implicated in nine out of 10 leading causes of death in the U.S.

Age discrimination should be made illegal
Legislation may be required to end ageism argues Professor Ann Bowling in this week's BMJ.

Researchers discover diagnostic marker for schizophrenia
Johns Hopkins researchers have identified a chemical marker in cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) that may help doctors treat and diagnose individuals with schizophrenia.

Pittsburgh chemist elected to board of directors of world's largest scientific society
C. Gordon McCarty, Ph.D., a former manager with Bayer Corp.

Physics talks turkey this Thanksgiving
Harold McGee, a writer on food science, has come up with some scientifically-based, and very effective, tips for making sure your turkey rules the roost next Thursday.

New Jersey chemist re-elected to board of directors of world's largest scientific society
Maureen G. Chan, a polymer chemist formerly with Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, N.J., has been re-elected to the Board of Directors of the world's largest scientific society, the American Chemical Society.

Researchers create reversible molecular computer switch
Using chemical processes rather than silicon-based photolithography, researchers at Rice University and Yale University have created a molecular computer switch with the ability to be turned on and off repeatedly.

Science scholarships available for minority students from the American Chemical Society
Minority college and university students who plan to major in chemistry, biochemistry, chemical engineering or related fields are encouraged to apply for scholarships from the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society.

Lemur 'Juliet' dies in Madagascar
Efforts to rescue a highly endangered species of lemur were dealt a setback with the death early Friday morning of the lemur known as Juliet, in a Madagascar zoological park where she was being acclimatized to captivity.

Blood-error reporting system tracks medical mistakes
A group of UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center researchers, however, thinks that every mistake, even those caught before tragedy, provides important lessons that could prevent the next headline.

Leonids activities at Marshall make for meteorically successful night
Engineers and scientists working around the clock in the Leonid Environment Operations Center at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., recorded a peak of some 1,700 Leonids meteors an hour about 8 p.m.

Medical research may be damaged by court ruling on anonymised patient data
Future developments of healthcare treatments may be seriously handicapped. A recent court ruling intimates that the use of anonymised patient data may constitute a breach of confidentiality, write several leading epidemiologists in a joint letter in this week's BMJ.

Industrial and academic markets bode well for new chemists
Presuming that all economic variables remain relatively positive over the coming months,

Scientists show that vegetation conditions drive the North Africa drought
Scientists have been trying to understand what caused the paralyzing drought that began in the 1970s, ravaging North Africa and causing the Sahara desert to advance to the south.

Depression, disease, and disability
Not only do disease and disability lead to depressed symptoms, but depressive symptoms seem to be a precursor of the development of future disease, U-M study of older American shows.

California chemist named president-elect of the world's largest scientific society
Attila E. Pavlath, Ph.D., a chemist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Albany, Calif., has been named president- elect of the world's largest scientific society, the American Chemical Society.

Henri R. Manasse elected Chair of the National Patient Safety Foundation
At its annual meeting in Chicago earlier this week, Henri R.

New hearing test can improve diagnosis of middle ear disorders
A new test developed by a Nebraska researcher and studied by Ohio University scientists could offer doctors a better diagnostic tool for middle ear infections and other hearing disorders than current exams.

Investigators construct detailed classification system for child homicide by a parent
Investigators at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas are providing insight into a most disturbing crime - the killing of a child by a parent, or filicide.

New treatment may relieve chronic pain, as reported in the 19 November issue of Science
In a study that could lead to new treatments for chronic pain, scientists have relieved pain in rats by dispatching molecular

Elderly population may drain resources from paediatrics
The needs of an ageing population may drain resources from paediatric care, writes Professor David Hall in this week's BMJ.

Washington chemist re-elected to board of directors of world's largest scientific society
Glenn A. Crosby, Ph.D., a chemistry professor with Washington State University in Pullman, Wash., has been re-elected to the Board of Directors of the world's largest scientific society, the American Chemical Society.

Geologists pinpoint source of major global warming event more than 55 million years ago
For the first time, a team of scientists has identified the possible methane release site and critical sequence of events that precipitated Earth's bout with global warming.
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