Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 22, 1999
Dawn of a new era in space transportation
The leaders of NASA's advanced space transportation activity have a vision for the opening century of the third millennium: human settlements on other planets within 100 years.

First science results from giant Hobby-Eberly Telescope reported
The commissioning phase for the innovative William P. Hobby- Robert E.

University of Toronto professor believes religious text Jewish, not Christian
An important book of the Bible, believed for centuries to be the work of a Christian author, may have been written by a Jew, says Professor John Marshall, author of Parables of War: Reading John's Jewish Apocalypse.

Properly securing trunk crucial in ambulance transport
Paramedics could reduce the potential of further injuries to passengers by improving standard immobilization procedures used during emergency transport, according to a study in the journal Spine.

Sexual, physical abuse of wives contributes to disease, surprise pregnancies, study shows
An unusual new study that involved interviewing more than 6,600 men in northern India has found that close to half the men reported abusing their wives sexually or physically or both at some point.

Taking action to cope with stress not necessarily best strategy
When confronting stressful circumstances, attempting to take action may not always be the most appropriate coping strategy, according to results of a study of patients with functional dyspepsia, a painful gastrointestinal condition with no known cause.

Anxiety and depression linked to chest pain in young adults
Anxiety, depression, or another mental health disorder may be the underlying explanation for many cases of unexplained chest pain in young adults, according to scientists from King's College London, University College London, and Oxford University.

Work overcommitment impacts the heart
People who approach every workday as a

Boys more vulnerable than girls when dating starts
Although the stereotype says girls' self-esteem suffers the most in the earliest boy/girl romantic relationships, new research shows it's actually the boys who are more vulnerable - especially if they feel pressured into dating.

Traumatic events have long-term impact on children
Experiencing a sudden, unpredictable traumatic event puts children at high risk of developing stress disorders, according to a study of first and third graders who were held hostage in a school classroom.

Depression's role in sudden cardiac death downrated
Depression might not play as large a role in increasing the risk of sudden death after acute heart attack as previously believed, according to new research.

Health of normal synapses seen to depend on neurotrophin signaling
In a new study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have shown that the long-term health of synapses -- the connections between brain cells -- depends on ongoing signaling by a family of compounds called neurotrophins.

New pain reliever for rheumatoid arthritis works with fewer gastrointestinal side effects
A new kind of arthritis drug provides the same relief of pain and inflammation in people with rheumatoid arthritis as a typical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug but with fewer ulcers and other gastrointestinal side effects, according to a 12-week study of COX-2 specific inhibitors in 1,149 people.

Stress blocks effects of medications in heart disease
Highly stressed patients with ischemic heart disease do not respond as well to medications for their condition as do patients with lower levels of psychological distress, a new study by Canadian scientists shows.

Parsons preaches magnets
Dr Simon Parson from the School of Water Science at Cranfield University has been invited to speak at the keynote International Workshop on Chemical, Physical and Biological Processes under Magnetic Fields in Japan later this week.

Depression alters immune systems by decreasing physical activity
Women with mild to moderately severe depression show alterations in their immune systems, according to researchers at Carnegie-Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

'Untangling' Tau: New mouse model shows key feature of Alzheimer's disease
Scientists have succeeded in producing a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease in a laboratory animal model.

Binge eating, drug use related in teen study
Teens who are binge eaters are more likely to use drugs and have poor mental health, according to a study at the University of Toronto.

Calcium citrate trumps calcium carbonate in osteoporosis studies
Three studies from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers show that calcium citrate is better absorbed than calcium carbonate and is effective at preventing osteoporosis in early post-menopausal women.

Road dust - something to sneeze about
Research by scientists at the Califorina Institute of Technology shows that road dust kicked up by passing traffic can be source of airborne allergens.

License to kill: development of killer T cells observable
Researchers at the Center for Blood Research and Harvard Medical School report in the November 23 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences the development of an animal model that literally illuminates one of the most dramatic and, until now, obscure events in the body: how the immune system turns immature T cells into specialized killer, or cytotoxic, T cells.

$8 million Center for Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety established at NYU
The NIMH has established the Center for the Neuroscience of Fear and Anxiety at NYU.

Researchers reveal extent of pain felt by elderly people parted from pets on entering residential care
University of Warwick psychology researchers Dr June McNicholas and Dr Glyn Collis have just published a paper on the role of pets in the lives of older people.
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