Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 1999
New studies show death rates significantly lower when major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease are absent
Data from two long-term studies show that people with the most favorable levels of all three major coronary risk factors (blood cholesterol, blood pressure, and cigarette use) experienced markedly lower death rates from heart attack and stroke, as well as notably increased life spans.

Club drugs take center stage in new national education and prevention initiative by NIDA and national partners
NIDA and four national partners are launching a multi-media public education strategy to alert teens, young adults, parents, educators, and others about dangers of club drugs.

Computer-driven 'virtual' orchestra to ring in 2000 at Times Square
Just before midnight, Times Square's New Year's Eve 1999 celebration will feature the world premiere of an anthem for the millennium by a Peabody Conservatory composer, performed by Peabody students and faculty and by a computer-generated

Jefferson scientists find anticancer gene may be effective adjunct to angioplasty
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College have found that a normally protective anticancer gene may be an effective add- on to angioplasty in treating blocked coronary arteries.

New Fen-Phen study finds heart valve disease may improve after stopping the drugs
New Mayo Clinic research shows that people with mild heart valve disease who took the diet drugs fenfluramine and phentermine may improve after they stop taking the drugs.

UD News: Parallel computing reveals cosmic riddles
On Pablo Dmitruk's computer in UD's Sharp Laboratory, bright white and green circles converge and dance across the screen, then turn yellow and disappear.

ER counseling on alcohol helps teens stop drinking/reckless behavior
Teens counseled in the emergency room have fewer subsequent drinking and driving incidents, alcohol-related injuries and other alcohol-related problems than teens who received standard ER care, according to a new Brown University study in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

Your heart is being closely watched while you're asleep
If you thought sleep was about slowing down and relaxing, think again.

Realistic robots wriggle off the drawing board
An animator in California has built the most lifelike robotic snakes ever created, reproducing both the slithering and sidewinding motions used by the reptiles.

Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University joins national breast cancer study
The Comprehensive Cancer Center at Wake Forest University has been approved to participate in a sentinel node biopsy clinical trial sponsored by the National Cancer Institute's National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP).

Abgenix and Chiron enter Xenomouse Technology Collaboration, targets antibody products for autoimmune disease and cancer
Abgenix, Inc. (Nasdaq: ABGX) signed a research license and option agreement with Chiron, Inc.

One of every 10 grocery items people buy goes unused
In one case, a can of sardines spent more than 20 years being passed from grandmother to mother to daughter.

Business and political leaders honored for their commitment to fighting HIV/AIDS
Six San Francisco business and political leaders will be honored by the UCSF AIDS Research Institute today as part of World AIDS Day events.

APT launches new I/O Weblog
Applied Psychological Techniques, Inc. (APT) today announced its new Weblog, I-Opening Views, at the Twentieth Annual Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference at the Westin Bonaventure Hotel & Suites in Los Angeles, California (
Study points to chromosome site of autism gene
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborating institutions are reporting evidence for a possible gene on chromosome 13 that causes autism.

Abgenix reports positive clinical data with ABX-IL8 in Psoriasis
Abgenix, Inc. (Nasdaq: ABGX) reported results of its Phase I/II clinical trial with ABX-IL8, a fully human antibody therapy for psoriasis developed with the company's XenoMouse™ technology.

Human Genome Sciences and Abgenix enter a broad collaboration to create fully human antibody therapeutics
Human Genome Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: HGSI) and Abgenix, Inc. (Nasdaq: ABGX) announced a collaboration and technology exchange to identify dozens of novel human antibody drug candidates for development and commercialization.

Avax Technologies and Neptunus International Holdings Limited execute joint venture agreement to market AC Vaccine™ Technology
AVAX Technologies executed a joint venture agreement with NIHL in Australia under the subsidiary AVAX Australia Pty.

Researchers identify molecule crucial to adjusting body's internal clock
Is your biological clock out of kilter? Researchers say they have identified an important molecule called the pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide in the retina-brain pathway that is crucial to adjusting the clock.

Sodium intake linked to increased risk of heart disease death in overweight persons
A diet high in sodium increases the risk of heart disease- related mortality in overweight individuals, according to a study published in the December 1 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Ballet move by young girls may cause arthritis
Young ballet dancers and their parents should be aware that, along with the accolades of a professional career, often come painful and arthritic ankles, especially for dancers who go

$500,000 gift launches new clinical research effort in peripheral neuropathy
A generous gift of $500,000 from Jack Miller of Lincolnshire, Illinois, the founder and president of Quill Corporation, will be used to launch a concerted effort by University of Chicago neuroscientists to investigate the biology of peripheral neuropathy and to search for better treatments for this common nerve disorder.

MRI adds to ultrasound for fetal diagnosis, UCSF researchers find
Thanks to ultra-fast magnetic resonance imaging techniques, MRI now can be used to provide more information when fetal abnormalities are suspected during a prenatal ultrasound exam, according to new research.

Brains of those in certain professions shown to have more synapses
Education not only makes a person smarter, it may generate a specific type of synapse in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, Illinois and Russian neuroscientists say.

Surface of Mars as never seen before
For 107 seconds on Friday, Dec. 3, a camera on the descending Mars polar lander will capture about 20 images of Mars as seen from altitudes ranging from about 4 miles to only about 30 feet.

Sensor could increase safety of eye surgery
Precision is crucial during eye surgery - a slight miscalculation could result in partial blindness and damage to the retina.

UNC philosopher seeks to make profound thoughts understandable
Little irritates philosopher Simon Blackburn more than people who think that a profound idea must be, by necessity, unintelligible.

Numerical method optimizes aero-assisted orbital interceptions
Future spacecraft may use a planet's atmosphere to generate aerodynamic forces that modify the crafts' orbits without using fuel.

Research news release from The Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
The National Institutes of Mental Health has recently made a major policy decision to place more emphasis on effectiveness studies that measure outcomes in psychiatric conditions as they occur in naturalistic settings.

Penny wise and pound-foolish: Study shows need for second pathologist's opinion
A study of more than 6,000 patients by Johns Hopkins researchers found that one or two out of every 100 people who come to larger medical centers for treatment following a biopsy arrive with a diagnosis that's

Cruel weapons
As most weapons are mostly designed to kill or injure, is it possible to single out those that are too barbaric for use on the battlefield?

It only takes one fish to wipe out a population
A single genetically modified fish could wipe out local populations of the species if released into the wild.

Combustion of composite propellants studied at microscopic level
Researchers at the University of Illinois are investigating the microscopic combustion behavior of composite propellants, an important step in improving the performance and reliability of solid-fueled launch vehicles and high-speed interceptors.

Stream research supports better watershed management
Issues of water quality and ecological diversity in rural Illinois waterways have gained new importance with recent citizens-based efforts to develop comprehensive watershed- management plans.

Circular ceramic devices make more efficient transformers
Thinner laptop computers and flat-screen TVs may be possible with a simple change in the geometry of piezoelectric transformers that can increase the conversion ratio without adding volume or weight, according to Penn State researchers.
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