Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 01, 1999
Common cholesterol drugs could be used to treat osteoporosis, as reported in the 3 December issue of Science
A team of scientists has discovered that some widely- prescribed cholesterol-lowering drugs also have impressive bone-building capabilities that may make them effective drugs for treating osteoporosis.

Dual-earner families are scaling back for kids
About three-quarters of middle-income, dual-earner couples in a study in upstate New York -- and almost all of those couples raising children -- scale back their work commitments for the sake of their families and to have more discretionary time, according to a new Cornell University study.

Expect rapid, pervasive innovation in 21st century
Innovative technologies emerging over the next decade promise to affect virtually all aspects of everyday society, from transportation to health care, communication to recreation.

Parathyroid tumors can be removed safely in outpatient procedure
Minimally invasive outpatient surgery to remove tumors of the parathyroid glands is safe for most patients and far more cost-effective than traditional open surgery, a Johns Hopkins study shows.

Behind the mask
It could be the most unexpected display of patterns since crop circles - the self-assembly of a minute array of pillars in a sheet of plastic resin.

A relative of smallpox is first virus found to invade cells as HIV does
Scientists have discovered that a virus related to smallpox uses the same route of attack as HIV.

NSF invites media to visit Antarctica
The National Science Foundation (NSF), which runs the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), is accepting written requests from professional journalists to visit Antarctica during the 1999- 2000 research season

Alcoholics have poorer results in stop-smoking programs
Alcoholics and recovering alcoholics have a more difficult time stopping smoking than others, says a recent Mayo Clinic study

Tumor that causes type of early puberty in boys is linked to gene mutation
A newly found mutation in a gene that helps the body produce testosterone has been linked to Leydig cell adenoma, a rare testicular tumor that causes early puberty in boys.

Stroke burden - especially in elderly - much higher than previously estimated
The number of individuals in the United States who have strokes each year is higher than the half million previously estimated, according to a study in the December issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia play major role in genetic milestone - first full sequencing of a human chromosome
Researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia played a major role in today's landmark announcement of the first sequencing of a complete human chromosome--chromosome 22.

Differences in foot structure associated with overuse injuries
A recent study by a Mayo Clinic orthopedic researcher and researchers from the Naval Health Research Center and Naval Medical Center sheds some light on factors involved in overuse injuries suffered by people who pursue intense training activities

Scientists find that humans may be contributing to retreat of the Arctic sea ice
For the first time, scientists placed space-based observations of Arctic sea ice retreats into a much longer- term context and have examined the likelihood that the sea ice decreases are in part because of human-caused climate change.

Waste not
The Aerated Non-Oily Wastewater Membrane Treatment System (AMTS) may be just the solution to the Navy's oldest problem.

Liquid crystal film protects against flash blindness
Driving into the sun low on the horizon can be temporarily blinding and dangerous, but a new materials application might someday make a windshield that can screen out the continuous glare and still allow the driver to see, according to a Penn State researcher.

If you think so it will happen
An ONR-sponsored researcher at Hahnemann University in Philadelphia is developing pioneering machines that might someday allow paralyzed patients to operate robotic limbs by thought alone.

Researchers discover cause of a human immunodeficiency
Lack of a key protein in antibody-producing cells has been pegged as the cause of an immunodeficiency in mice and in a young man susceptible to bacterial infections.

Eating margarine with Stanol lowers cholesterol by 10 percent
ROCHESTER, MINN. -- A new study reports that eating three servings a day of a margarine-like spread containing a plant substance called stanol can reduce cholesterol levels by as much as 10 percent.
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