Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 09, 1999
Male unemployment levels affect birthweight
Unemployment among adult males may have an indirect and overlooked social cost - an increase in the incidence of low infant birthweight, according to researchers.

Researchers develop mouse models of neurofibromatosis
Two strains of mice genetically engineered by HHMI researchers to develop neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a tumor-producing hereditary disease of the peripheral nerves, are likely to improve understanding of the progression of NF1 and provide much needed models in which to evaluate therapies for the disease.

Even the 'soft' stars have a 'hard' side
Soft-gamma repeaters have a hard side. It's hard enough that they could almost be mistaken for the hard gamma-ray bursts that come from deep in the observable universe.

Illinois waterways, waterfowl detailed in new book
Illinois wetlands, waterways and waterfowl have come together in a 672-page book and companion field guide that blend history, biological research, conservation management and a wealth of color photographs and facts.

Budget for interferon beta for MS sufferers would be better spent on improved supportive care
Prescribing of the multiple sclerosis (MS) drug interferon beta-1b should be restricted and the funds saved should be redirected into improved supportive care for MS sufferers, say researchers in this week's BMJ.

Hormone replacement therapy use limited
A third of all menopausal and post-menopausal women are undecided about hormone replacement therapy (HRT), according to new research.

University's 'Blue Noise Mask' licensed to Hewlett-Packard
A halftoning technology developed by University of Rochester electrical engineers has been licensed to Hewlett-Packard Co., the world's largest maker of printers for computer use.

Colorado State hurricane forecast team calls for 'average' 2000 season
William Gray, a nationally recognized hurricane expert and leader of a Colorado State University hurricane forecast team, is calling for a

Brown geologist finds evidence supporting ancient ocean on Mars
James Head, a Brown University planetary geologist, is the lead investigator on a team of scientists that has found evidence supporting the presence of an ancient ocean on Mars.

Partnership in distance learning
The University of Michigan College of Engineering has entered into talks to form a unique partnership with a new Scottish Centre of Engineering Excellence being formed in Edinburg, Scotland.

Overreaction to Paddington disaster will ultimately drive more people on to the roads and increase deaths
The public reaction to the tragic Paddington rail disaster might make those running railways so fearful of accidents and subject to such severe controls that they are no longer able to do their job well enough to compete with far more dangerous and polluting modes of transport, writes Dr Kevin Connolly in this week's BMJ.

Early experience sets template for dependency in women
Early socialization may make women more emotionally reliant - and more prone to depression - than men, according to new research.

Depression may be one of the first signs of Alzheimer's disease
Symptoms of depression may be one of the first signs of Alzheimer's disease, occurring up to three years before the disease is diagnosed, according to a study in the December 10 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Hypericum extract as effective as common anti-depressant medication
Hypericum extract, manufactured from the herb St John's Wort, is just as efficacious as the prescribed drug imipramine in treating moderate depression, claim researchers from Germany in this week's BMJ.

Successful Chandra, Space Station, X-Vehicle milestones highlight 1999 for NASA's Marshall Center
The launch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The first test flight of the X-34 rocket plane.

'Fresh Outlook' offers new hope to domestic violence victims
For those whose faces have been deformed by domestic violence, getting back into the work force or resuming ordinary lives can be an almost insurmountable challenge.

High blood pressure increases risk of cognitive decline in elderly
People with high blood pressure are more likely to experience cognitive decline, or a loss in their ability to think, remember and learn, according to a study in the December 10 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Neurological disorder inspired European dancing tradition
An annual European dancing procession that blends legend and tradition may have roots in a neurological disorder causing dance-like movements, according to a historical review in the December 10 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Researchers develop mouse model of neurofibromatosis
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have developed a mouse tumor model for the most common genetic disorder in humans, von Recklinghausen disease, or neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1).
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