Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 12, 1999
Religious differences, peace co-existed in ancient city
Religious groups in the ancient Roman city of Caesarea Maritima (between the modern-day cities of Tel Aviv and Haifa) lived together peacefully and co-operatively, not just competitively, according to a professor at the University of Toronto.

Study: avoiding vitamins A, E might improve cancer therapy
Vitamins A and E, which normally boost human health in numerous ways, also appear to keep cancer cells from dying through the natural protective process scientists call apoptosis, new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill research shows.

Trauma patients need monitoring for infection risk
Trauma patients are at very high risk of developing infections while in hospital and should be monitored closely for early diagnosis and treatment according to a University of Toronto study.

Earth's magnetic field expanded immensely after the day the solar wind ran out of gas
A rare space weather event May 11 marked by a sharp decrease in solar wind helped cause Earth's magnetosphere to balloon to more than 100 times its normal volume, reaching nearly to the moon in the process, according to a new study headed by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Local and remote aerosol measurement techniques compared
The environmental effects of man-made atmospheric particles, known as

'Cell junctions' respond to environmental signals
Cells have many mechanisms for coupling themselves to their neighbors and to their surrounding extracellular world.

Hydrogen peroxide could power future fuel cell
Researchers are developing a new type of environmentally friendly fuel cell that runs on aluminum and renewable resources and generates about 20 times more electricity per pound than car batteries.

UMass researcher finds link between lying and popularity
The most popular students in school sometimes are the best liars, according to a study conducted by University of Massachusetts psychologist Robert S.

Protein predicts complications after angioplasty
DALLAS, Dec. 14 - A blood protein may help predict a person's risk of developing life-threatening complications following angioplasty, a common procedure used to unblock blood vessels to alleviate chest pain, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Statement by APA President Allan Tasman, M.D., on the Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health
The Surgeon General's report is good news to millions of people with mental illnesses, and constitutes a national call to action.

Feel full on fewer calories
Being able to enjoy your favorite foods, feel full after meals -- and still lose weight -- sounds like having your cake and eating it too.

NYU researchers find that genetically engineered corn releases insecticidal toxin into soil
Researchers at New York University have found that insect- killing toxin from Bt corn is released into soil from the roots.

Volcanoes, drought and floods: the first images from Landsat 7
The images acquired by the new Landsat 7 spacecraft launched April 15, 1999 have exceeded scientists' expectations.

Molecular fats prevent nerve sheath abnormality
A study led by scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill points to a group of lipids (fats) that are crucial to proper formation of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers.

Scientists identify gene that detects DNA damage
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin Medical School have found that mutations in a gene they've been studying for several years can cause ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T).

Asthma medication misusage rampant: Good health insurance is no guarantee of proper use
Misuse of asthma drugs among people with good health insurance is more prevalent than previously thought, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Treatment difficult for HIV-infected street youth
Toronto street youth are especially vulnerable to HIV infection and their lifestyles hinder efforts to prevent the spread of the disease, says a study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Are we where we eat? Geography has significant influence on fruit and vegetable consumption
Americans' consumption of fruits and vegetables varies depending on where they live, according to researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.

Study shows more seniors using antidepressants
Senior citizens, especially women, are more likely to use antidepressants as they get older, according to a study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

U-M to study whether POWs experience "post-traumatic growth"
The adverse effects experienced by repatriated prisoners of war are well-documented, but what's not well-known is whether POW's realize positive outcomes from their traumatic experiences.

NASA's earth science highlights for 1999 fall meeting - AGU
New Earth science insights by Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, Md.) scientists will be reported at the 1999 American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco this week.

New clues to the icy Antarctic continent revealed
With new tools and technology, scientists are getting a first look at strange features and puzzling behaviors on the frozen Antarctic continent.

Detector will play crucial role in physics experiment
Scientists at Purdue University are winding up a project to design and build a key component of an experiment that aims to help answer a troubling mystery: If the Big Bang that created the cosmos spawned equal amounts of matter and antimatter, as theory predicts, where did all the antimatter go?

Radar mapping could yield new clues to past Antarctic ice stream activity
A new technique using ice-penetrating radar is allowing scientists for the first time to reveal long-ago changes in West Antarctic ice streams, rivers of ice believed to be linked to the stability of the massive West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Prof: Regional electricity grids would energize Africa, investors
African nations stand to become more prosperous and politically stable -- while creating investment opportunities for Western companies -- by developing regional electric power grids and pooling their energy resources, according to planning models developed by Purdue University industrial engineers.
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