Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 14, 1999
Scientists report marker of increased cancer risk in women with benign breast disease
Women with a benign breast disease whose cells lose ability

Novel molecule blocks pain receptor system
Researchers with Banyu Pharmaceutical Co. in Japan have designed a synthetic molecule that can block a molecular pathway, allowing researchers a closer look at what makes some people less sensitive to pain.

'Snap shot' captures key cancer-search and destroy enzyme
A collaboration between the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the State University of New York at Stony Brook has produced a highly detailed image of a newly discovered class of proteins that searches genetic material for damage from environmental chemicals and sunlight.

Researchers seek answers to combat world's stressed freshwater supply
A multi-pronged analysis of global water resources indicates the supply of clean freshwater for use by humans and natural ecosystems is shrinking by the year, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder researcher.

Penn study shows that most battered women know their attackers and many assaults occur in public
According to a new study, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center conclude that more than 50 percent of violently assaulted women were attacked by

Cedars-Sinai Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute announces partnership with imaging technology leader
Through an agreement to become the Carl Zeiss Company's exclusive West Coast research center for image-guided surgery, neurosurgeons at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute will help shape the next generations of surgical imaging devices.

Rewritten geological history alters view of California earthquakes
The rewritten and revised geological history of coastal California, developed through recent seismic studies, has important implications for earthquakes north of San Francisco and along the San Andreas fault, according to a Penn State geophysicist.

Scientists report first complete DNA sequence of plant chromosomes
Scientists involved in an international effort to sequence the entire genome of Arabidopsis thaliana have reported the first complete DNA sequence of a plant chromosome.

$3.8 million grant from Howard Hughes Medical Institute supports development of two new UB research centers
The University at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences has received a four-year, $3.8 million award from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to speed development of two new research centers.

Drug combination shows potent punch against HIV in children
A study headed by a physician at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia shows that a novel combination of drugs achieves strong, sustained results in controlling HIV infection in children.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute funds biomedical facilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, one of the world's leading biomedical research organizations, will spend $8.05 million to build two new

Scientists see that sea surface temperature impacts drought and flooding in the Amazon rainforest
Rainfall patterns in the Amazon change when humans alter the land during deforestation and farming, causing some areas to suffer drought while other areas succumb to floods.

Sex-reversing mouse created - an advance in studying the body's estrogen use and fertility
Scientists at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and two neighboring research centers have bred a new strain of mouse in which both major pathways for estrogen are disrupted -- and found that, as a result, the tissues of the adult female's ovary begin to change to resemble those of the male.

New study led by U. Pitt researcher shows mirtazapine cuts risk of depression relapse by more than 50 percent
A study led by a University of Pittsburgh researcher presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) found that twice as many placebo-treated patients experienced a relapse of their depression versus those who continued treatment with the antidepressant Remeron(R) (mirtazapine).

JMU students making real Al Gore's vision for 'digital earth'
Project leader James Madison University has completed the first stage of the virtual tour of Earth project,

Can exercise prevent fainting?
A researcher in Michigan Technological University's Center for Biomedical Engineering hopes to find an exercise regimen that will prevent fainting in persons who are otherwise healthy.

"Remote control research" a first for the U of L and National Research Council
Two Canadian biophysicists have broken new ground in the innovative use of internet technology for scientific research.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute awards $92 million in research support to U.S. medical schools
Forty-one medical schools in 23 states will receive a total of $92 million over the next four years from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

University of Chicago receives $2.4 million grant from Howard Hughes Medical Institute to support immunology and structural biology programs
The University of Chicago Biological Sciences Division has been awarded $2.4 million from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Resource Program to support and expand programs in immunology and structural biology.

Better care for severely depressed costs less
Depressed patients from a large HMO getting little or no relief from

UNC selected as one of two regional mutant mouse resource centers in nation
The National Institutes of Health has selected the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill as one of two Regional Mutant Mouse Resource Centers in the nation.

Questions about feelings help uncover depression
Physicians who are more communicative with patients and who ask more questions about patients' feelings appear more successful in diagnosing depression, according to a new study.

Thalidomide effective against refractory Crohn's disease
A University of Chicago study in the December issue of Gastroenterology shows that thalidomide, a drug that became infamous in the 1960s for causing thousands of severe birth defects, can be an effective short-term treatment for Crohn's disease, even for patients whose disease has not responded to other therapies.

Communication key to diagnosing depression
Communication skills training may help doctors recognize patients who are suffering from depression, a condition that is often missed at the primary care level, according to a new study.
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