Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 19, 1999
Laser light from Free-Electron Laser used for first time in human surgery
Vanderbilt researchers performed the first human surgery using a beam from a free-electron laser, a powerful laser developed as part of the Pentagon's Star Wars program.

Study suggests cigarette companies target youth
Cigarette companies have asserted that their youth-oriented advertisements are directed at young adults aged 18 or older rather than at youths aged 10 to 15, but new research suggests otherwise.

Lifestyle behaviors compromise public health
While this century's medical advances and public health efforts have dramatically reduced the threat of infectious disease in the US, another threat to public health remains - poor health due to lifestyle behaviors, say researchers.

Chemists take new approach to fighting resistance
Chemists at Wayne State University have designed two new drugs to fight the growing problem of antibiotic resistance: an antibiotic that

Reasons for smokers' weight gain after quitting clearer
Researchers are gaining a clearer understanding of why some smokers may be at particular risk for weight gain after they quit smoking.

Abgenix to become sole owner of Xenomouse fully human antibody technology
Abgenix, Inc. will become the sole owner of the XenoMouseâ„¢, a leading technology for generating fully human antibody drugs useful in treating a range of diseases, by acquiring all of the interest in the technology owned by JT America Inc.

Researchers find that simply squeezing is best when dealing with the children's skin disease 'Molluscum Contagiosum'
Researchers from the University of Warwick, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary and the Queens Medical Centre in Nottingham have found that one way of dealing with the lesions that afflict children suffering from Molluscum Contagiosum infections is simply to squeeze them under medical supervision and local anaesthetic.

Cooperative action of two proteins causes damaged cells to "self-destruct"
Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science have recently deciphered part of the cellular events underlying apoptosis - programmed cell death.

Nicotine patches don't cause heartburn
Contrary to previous research findings, nicotine patches don't appear to cause heartburn, the results of a small study suggest.

Data establishes link between 'mad cow' disease, human brain disorder
Researchers are reporting what they say is the most compelling evidence, to date, that the infectious proteins called prions that cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or

U.S. lags in nationwide programs against HIV/AIDS
Countries as diverse as Switzerland and Thailand outshine the United States in development and implementation of effective nationwide programs against HIV and AIDS, according to recent research.

Vitamin C can reduce high blood pressure, study finds
Researchers have discovered that a 500 milligram daily supplement of vitamin C can reduce high blood pressure in hypertensive patients.

Mouse embryo hints at how mammalian body forms
Researchers have made a finding in the mouse embryo that they say provides a fundamental insight into how the body forms in mammals.

New drug shows antiviral benefit against HIV but produces renal side effects
An experimental drug that fights the AIDS virus by attacking the enzymes that enable it to replicate has proved effective in a nationwide clinical study.

Drug treatment programs scarce and getting scarcer
Less than one in four drug abusers receives treatment for addiction, and yet the number of programs dwindles, according to recent research.

High schools need to bolster tobacco control efforts
Suspending or expelling high school smokers may do more harm than good, yet many schools are quicker to mete out such punishments than to employ smoking prevention and cessation programs, according to a survey of South Carolina high schools.

Physical inactivity prevalent in U.S.
Americans are unlikely to meet the nation's physical activity goals for the year 2000, study results suggest.

Nation won't meet smoking goals
With fewer adults quitting and more youths becoming smokers, the nation won't meet its smoking-related goals for 2000, according to researchers.

Alcohol abuse exacts $250 billion health care toll
Alcohol abuse costs society an estimated $250 billion per year in health care, public safety, and social welfare expenditures.

'Super-aspirin' improves survival rate; reduces complications for diabetics undergoing heart procedures
DALLAS, Dec. 21 - In the first study of its kind, researchers report that giving diabetics with heart disease the so-called

Research helps explain why women have harder time quitting smoking than men
New findings may help to explain why it is harder for women to quit smoking than it is for men.
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